Armenian Border Guard

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Armenian Border Guard
ՀՀ Սահմանային պահպանություն
Armenia Turkish Border Guard.JPG
An Armenian border guard station sitting along the closed border with Turkey, in the province of Shirak.
Founded26 April 1994
Country Armenia
TypeBorder Patrol
RoleBorder guard
Part ofNational Security Service of the Republic of Armenia.png National Security Service of Armenia
HeadquartersYerevan
Nickname(s)Frontier Guard
AnniversariesBorder Guards Day – 26 April
Infantry fighting vehiclesBMD-1
BMP-1
Commanders
CommanderColonel Arman Maralchyan
Chief of Staff of the Border GuardColonel Arman Gasparyan
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Symbol of Armenian Border Guard.jpg

The Armenian Border Guard (ՀՀ Սահմանային պահպանություն) is the branch of the National Security Service of Armenia that is responsible for monitoring and guarding Armenia's borders with neighbors Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia. The border guard works in conjunction with a Russian military contingent from the Federal Security Service stationed in Armenia and headquartered at the 102nd Military Base in Gyumri.[1][2]

History[edit]

The border guard was initially subordinated to the Ministry of Defence when it was established on 28 January 1992 with the rest of the military. On 26 April 1994, the draft Law "On the State Border" was introduced by the National Assembly of Armenia.[3] Its charter was signed into law on 20 November 2001.[4] In 2004 it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs. The first general meeting of the "Union of Veterans and Pensioners of the Border Guard Troops" took place in late 2019.[5]

Mechanized equipment[edit]

As of 2013, the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs was said to have at its disposal 5 BMD-1s, 35 BMP-1s, 3 BRM-1Ks, 5 BTR-60s, and 18 BTR-70s.[6]

Leadership[edit]

Commanders[edit]

  • Major General Armen Abrahamyan (November 2005-12 June 2018)[8]
  • Colonel General Vaghinak Sargsyan (12 June 2018-26 October 2020)[9]
  • Colonel Arman Maralchyan (since 26 October 2020)[10][11]

Chief of Staff of the Border Guard[edit]

  • Gagik Tevosyan (?-26 October 2020)[12][13]
  • Colonel Arman Gasparyan (since 26 October 2020)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eaton, Mark. "Major Trends in Military Expenditure and Arms Acquisitions by the States of the Caspian Region" in The Security of the Caspian Sea Region. Gennadii Chufrin (ed.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 89-90.
  2. ^ "Российские пограничники убили турецкого пастуха, обстрелявшего их на территории Армении". NEWSru.com. 2013-08-02. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  3. ^ https://www.calend.ru/holidays/0/0/2028/
  4. ^ https://www.arlis.am/DocumentView.aspx?docid=128798
  5. ^ https://sahmanapah.sns.am/en/news/2019/11/01/the-first-meeting-of-the-union-of-veterans-and-pensioners-of-the-ra-nss-border-guard-troops/68/
  6. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2013. London: Routledge, 2013, p. 216.
  7. ^ "Хачатуров, Юрий Григорьевич". ТАСС. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  8. ^ "Armen Abrahamyan". boghossianprize.am. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  9. ^ Ordu. "Armenia Border Guard Troops have new commander". defence.az. Retrieved 2018-09-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Chief of Staff of NSS Border Guard Troops dismissed". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  11. ^ "Armenian government replaces commander of border troops". NEWS.ru. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  12. ^ MENAFN. "Number of high-ranking Armenian officials dismissed from their posts within month". menafn.com. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  13. ^ "Chief of Staff of the NSS Border Troops Dismissed". armedia.am. Retrieved 2020-11-22.

See also[edit]