Armenian Border Guard

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Armenian Border Guard
ՀՀ Սահմանային պահպանություն
Armenia Turkish Border Guard.JPG
An Armenian border guard station sitting along the closed border with Turkey, in the province of Shirak.
Founded26 April 1994
Country Armenia
BranchArmmil zinanshan.jpg Armed Forces of Armenia
TypeBorder Patrol
RoleBorder guard
Part ofNational Security Service
HeadquartersYerevan
Nickname(s)Frontier Guard
AnniversariesBorder Guards Day – 26 April
Infantry fighting vehiclesBMD-1
BMP-1
Commanders
Current
commander
Vaghinak Sargsyan[1]
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Symbol of Armenian Border Guard.jpg

The Armenian Border Guard (ՀՀ Սահմանային պահպանություն) is the branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia that is responsible for monitoring and guarding Armenia's borders with neighbors Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia. The border guard works in conjunction with a Russian military contingent stationed in Armenia and headquartered at the 102nd Military Base in Gyumri.[2]

History[edit]

The border guard was initially subordinated to the Ministry of Defence when it was established on 28 January 1992 with the rest of the military. On 26 April 1994, the draft Law "On the State Border" was introduced by the National Assembly of Armenia.[3] Its charter was signed into law on 20 November 2001.[4] In 2004 it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs. The first general meeting of the "Union of Veterans and Pensioners of the Border Guard Troops" took place in late 2019.[5]

Mechanised equipment[edit]

As of 2013, the Ministry of National Security and Internal Affairs was said to have at its disposal 5 BMD-1s, 35 BMP-1s, 3 BRM-1Ks, 5 BTR-60s, and 18 BTR-70s.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ordu. "Armenia Border Guard Troops have new commander". defence.az. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  2. ^ Eaton, Mark. "Major Trends in Military Expenditure and Arms Acquisitions by the States of the Caspian Region" in The Security of the Caspian Sea Region. Gennadii Chufrin (ed.) Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 89-90.
  3. ^ https://www.calend.ru/holidays/0/0/2028/
  4. ^ https://www.arlis.am/DocumentView.aspx?docid=128798
  5. ^ https://sahmanapah.sns.am/en/news/2019/11/01/the-first-meeting-of-the-union-of-veterans-and-pensioners-of-the-ra-nss-border-guard-troops/68/
  6. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2013. London: Routledge, 2013, p. 216.

See also[edit]