Asturias (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Location of Asturias electoral district in Spain

Asturias is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. The total electorate in April 2008 was 982,230 and the largest municipalities were Gijón with 232,000, Oviedo with 179,000 and Avilés with 70,000. Siero (41,000), Langreo (39,000) and Mieres (38,000) were the only other municipalities with more than 20,000 voters.

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Asturias and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 Asturias returned 10 members. That figure was reduced to 9 members for the 1986 General Election. It lost a further seat for the 2004 election and now elects 8 members, although at the 2004 election its electorate was larger than Vizcaya which elected nine members.[2]

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Asturias.

In 2008 for example Spain had 35,073,179 voters giving an average of 100,209 voters per deputy.[4] In Asturias however the number of voters per deputy was 122,779[5] one of the largest ratios. In contrast the ratio was 38,685 and 38,071 respectively in the smallest provinces of Soria[6] and Teruel.[7]

Summary of seats won 1977-2011[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Seats 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 4 4 6 5 4 4 4 3 4 4 3
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 4 4
People's Party (PP) 1 1 3 2 3 4 4 5 4 4 3
United Left (IU) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1 1
Asturias Forum (FAC) 1

Seats shown for the People's Party include seats won by their predecessors, the Popular Alliance and the Popular Coalition before 1989. Seats shown for United Left include seats won by the Communist Party of Spain before 1986.

Vote share summary 1977-2011[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 31.7 37.3 52.1 46.0 40.6 39.3 39.9 37.0 43.4 46.9 29.2
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 30.9 33.0 4.9
People's Party (PP) 13.5 8.6 27.9 27.2 26.5 37.4 41.0 46.3 43.8 41.6 35.4
United Left (IU) 10.5 13.7 8.1 9.2 15.6 15.4 15.5 10.3 8.4 7.2 13.3
Popular Socialist Party (PSP) 7.1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4.3 13.2 12.5 3.7 0.2 0.1 0.1
Asturias Forum (FAC) 14.8

Results[edit]

2011 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 222,179 35.41 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 183,170 29.19 3
Asturias Forum (FAC) 92,549 14.75 1
United Left 83,312 13.27 1
Union, Progress and Democracy 24,583 3.91 0
Others 13,308 2.0 0

2008 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 326,477 46.93 4
People's Party (Partido Popular) 289,305 41.58 4
United Left 49,936 7.18 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 9,485 1.36 0
Others 11,902 1.7 0

2004 General Election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
People's Party (Partido Popular) 307,977 43.77 4 Leopoldo Bertrand de la Riera, Alicia Castro, Isidro Fernández, José Sánchez
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 305,240 43.38 4 María Luisa Carcedo, Álvaro Cuesta, María Monteserín, Celestino Suárez
United Left 59,253 8.42 0
Greens 5,013 0.71 0
Others 11,719 3.72 0

source:[8]

External links[edit]

References[edit]