Asturias (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Asturias
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Asturias).png
Location of Asturias within Spain.
Province Province of Asturias
Autonomous community Principality of Asturias
Population 1,051,229 (2016)
Electorate 982,837 (2016)
Major settlements Gijón, Oviedo, Avilés, Siero, Langreo, Mieres
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 10 (1977–1982)
9 (1986–2000)
8 (2004–)

Asturias is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies – the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. The method of election is the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

The largest municipalities are Gijón and Oviedo, with a population of over 200,000. The next municipalities in size, with a population over 40,000, are Avilés, Siero, Langreo and Mieres.

Overview[edit]

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Asturias and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 Asturias returned 10 members. That figure was reduced to 9 members for the 1986 General Election. It lost a further seat for the 2004 election and now elects 8 members, although at the 2004 election its electorate was larger than Vizcaya which elected nine members.[2]

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Asturias.

In 2008 for example Spain had 35,073,179 voters giving an average of 100,209 voters per deputy.[4] In Asturias however the number of voters per deputy was 122,779[5] one of the largest ratios. In contrast the ratio was 38,685 and 38,071 respectively in the smallest provinces of Soria[6] and Teruel.[7]

Seat summary (1977–2016)[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011 2015 2016
Seats 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8
AP/CD/CP/PP 1 1 3 2 3 4 4 5 4 4 3 3 3
FAC 1
PSOE 4 4 6 5 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 2 2
Podemos/UP 2 2
PCE/IU 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
C's 1 1
CDS 1 1
UCD 4 4

General elections[edit]

2016[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2016(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAsturias Forum (PP–FAC) 209,632 35.25 +5.14 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 147,920 24.87 +1.58 2 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoIASCLIAS)[a] 141,845 23.85 –5.94 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 74,961 12.60 –0.96 1 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 6,398 1.08 +0.35 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,374 0.90 ±0.00
Total 594,699 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 594,699 99.04 –0.13
Invalid votes 5,764 0.96 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 600,463 61.09 –2.68
Abstentions 382,374 38.91 +2.68
Registered voters 982,837
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ Unidos Podemos results are compared to the combined totals of Podemos and IU–UPeC in the 2015 election.

2015[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2015(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyAsturias Forum (PP–FAC)[a] 187,568 30.11 –19.97 3 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 145,113 23.29 –6.05 2 –1
We Can (Podemos) 132,984 21.35 New 2 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 84,464 13.56 New 1 +1
United Left–Popular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 52,583 8.44 –4.80 0 –1
Blank ballots 5,591 0.90 –0.43
Total 622,967 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 622,967 99.17 +0.14
Invalid votes 5,233 0.83 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 628,200 63.77 –0.80
Abstentions 356,887 36.23 +0.80
Registered voters 985,087
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ PP–FAC results are compared to the combined totals of the People's Party and Asturias Forum in the 2015 election.

2011[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2011(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 223,906 35.40 –6.18 3 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 185,526 29.34 –17.59 3 –1
Asturias Forum (FAC) 92,828 14.68 New 1 +1
United Left of Asturias: Plural Left (IU–IX) 83,755 13.24 +6.06 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 24,721 3.91 +2.55 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,392 1.33 +0.09
Total 632,436 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 632,436 99.03 –0.32
Invalid votes 6,193 0.97 +0.32
Votes cast / turnout 638,629 64.57 –6.72
Abstentions 350,416 35.43 +6.72
Registered voters 989,045
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2008(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 326,477 46.93 +3.55 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 289,305 41.58 –2.19 4 ±0
United Left–Bloc for Asturias–The Greens (IU–BA–LV) 49,936 7.18 –1.24 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 9,485 1.36 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,630 1.24 –0.81
Total 695,735 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 695,735 99.35 –0.10
Invalid votes 4,533 0.65 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 700,268 71.29 –0.44
Abstentions 281,962 28.71 +0.44
Registered voters 982,230
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2004(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 307,977 43.77 –2.56 4 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 305,240 43.38 +6.36 4 +1
United Left–Bloc for Asturias (IU–BA) 59,253 8.42 –1.84 0 –1
Blank ballots 14,453 2.05 +0.37
Total 703,655 100.00 8 –1
Valid votes 703,655 99.45 +0.18
Invalid votes 3,902 0.55 –0.11
Votes cast / turnout 707,557 71.73 +4.74
Abstentions 278,795 28.27 –4.74
Registered voters 986,352
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG2000(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 302,626 46.33 +5.30 5 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party–Progressives (PSOE) 241,830 37.02 –2.83 3 –1
United Left (IU) 67,024 10.26 –5.25 1 ±0
Asturian Renewal Union (URAS) 13,360 2.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 10,985 1.68 +0.74
Total 653,234 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 653,234 99.34 –0.18
Invalid votes 4,319 0.66 +0.18
Votes cast / turnout 657,553 66.99 –8.92
Abstentions 323,951 33.01 +8.92
Registered voters 981,504
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1996(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 297,079 41.03 +3.66 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 288,558 39.85 +0.53 4 ±0
United Left (IU) 112,339 15.51 +0.07 1 ±0
Asturianist Party (PAS) 12,213 1.69 +0.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,805 0.94 +0.03
Total 724,075 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 724,075 99.52 –0.07
Invalid votes 3,492 0.48 +0.07
Votes cast / turnout 727,567 75.91 +0.48
Abstentions 230,845 24.09 –0.48
Registered voters 958,412
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1993(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 271,877 39.32 –1.24 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 258,355 37.37 +10.84 4 +1
United Left (IU) 106,757 15.44 –0.14 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 25,351 3.67 –8.84 0 –1
Asturianist Party (PAS) 11,088 1.60 +1.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,306 0.91 +0.30
Total 691,381 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 691,381 99.59 +0.38
Invalid votes 2,862 0.41 –0.38
Votes cast / turnout 694,243 75.43 +6.53
Abstentions 226,147 24.57 –6.53
Registered voters 920,390
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1989(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 248,584 40.56 –5.43 4 –1
People's Party (PP)[a] 162,590 26.53 –0.69 3 +1
United Left (IU) 95,494 15.58 +6.37 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 76,643 12.51 –0.65 1 ±0
Blank ballots 3,728 0.61 +0.04
Total 612,844 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 612,844 99.21 +0.98
Invalid votes 4,853 0.79 –0.98
Votes cast / turnout 617,697 68.90 +1.08
Abstentions 278,788 31.10 –1.08
Registered voters 896,485
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ People's Party results are compared to People's Coalition totals in the 1986 election.
  2. ^ PTE–UC results are compared to Communists' Unity Board totals in the 1986 election.

1986[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1986(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 278,946 45.99 –6.14 5 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)[a] 165,071 27.22 –0.72 2 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 79,788 13.16 +8.85 1 +1
United Left (IU)[b] 55,881 9.21 +1.07 1 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 9,607 1.58 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,477 0.57 +0.14
Total 606,514 100.00 9 –1
Valid votes 606,514 98.23 –0.06
Invalid votes 10,930 1.77 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 617,444 67.82 –9.78
Abstentions 293,003 32.18 +9.78
Registered voters 910,447
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ People's Coalition results are compared to AP–PDP totals in the 1982 election.
  2. ^ United Left results are compared to the Communist Party of Spain totals in the 1982 election.

1982[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1982(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 339,575 52.13 +14.85 6 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)[a] 181,965 27.94 +19.31 3 +2
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 53,017 8.14 –5.58 1 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 31,763 4.88 –28.14 0 –4
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 28,048 4.31 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,799 0.43 +0.21
Total 651,378 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 651,378 98.29 –0.28
Invalid votes 11,332 1.71 +0.28
Votes cast / turnout 662,710 77.60 +14.86
Abstentions 191,271 22.40 –14.86
Registered voters 853,981
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ AP–PDP results are compared to Democratic Coalition totals in the 1979 election.
  2. ^ New Force results are compared to National Union totals in the 1979 election.

1979[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1979(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)[a] 200,346 37.28 –1.54 4 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 177,459 33.02 +2.15 4 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 73,744 13.72 +3.25 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)[b] 46,365 8.63 –4.90 1 ±0
National Union (UN)[c] 11,178 2.08 +1.74 0 ±0
Communist Movement–Communist Left Organization (MC–OIC) 6,003 1.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,196 0.22 +0.04
Total 537,364 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 537,364 98.57 –0.07
Invalid votes 7,815 1.43 +0.07
Votes cast / turnout 545,179 62.74 –11.83
Abstentions 323,714 37.26 +11.83
Registered voters 868,893
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ Spanish Socialist Workers' Party results are compared to the combined totals of the PSOE and PSP–US in the 1977 election.
  2. ^ Democratic Coalition results are compared to People's Alliance totals in the 1977 election.
  3. ^ National Union results are compared to National Alliance July 18 totals in the 1977 election.
  4. ^ Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) results are compared to Democratic Socialist Alliance totals in the 1977 election.

1977[edit]

AsturiasMunicipalMapG1977(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Asturias
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 182,850 31.74 4
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 177,843 30.87 4
People's Alliance (AP) 77,932 13.53 1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 60,297 10.47 1
People's Socialist Party–Socialist Unity (PSP–US) 40,807 7.08 0
Regionalist Unity (UR) 10,821 1.88 0
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 8,245 1.43 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 5,947 1.03 0
Blank ballots 1,012 0.18
Total 576,100 100.00 10
Valid votes 576,100 98.64
Invalid votes 7,961 1.36
Votes cast / turnout 584,061 74.57
Abstentions 199,145 25.43
Registered voters 783,206
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

Coordinates: 43°20′N 6°00′W / 43.333°N 6.000°W / 43.333; -6.000