Asyut Governorate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asyut Governorate
Governorate
Flag of Asyut Governorate
Flag
Asyut Governorate on the map of Egypt
Asyut Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 27°15′07″N 31°05′24″E / 27.252°N 31.09°E / 27.252; 31.09Coordinates: 27°15′07″N 31°05′24″E / 27.252°N 31.09°E / 27.252; 31.09
Country  Egypt
Seat Asyut (capital)
Government
 • Governor Ibrahim Hamad[1]
Population (2014)
 • Total 4,123,441
Time zone EET (UTC+2)

Asyut Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة أسيوطMuḥāfẓet Asyut) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It stretches across the Nile. The capital of the governorate is the city of Asyut.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The name of Asyut is derived from early Egyptian Zawty (Z3JW.TJ), late Egyptian Səyáwt into Coptic Syowt.[citation needed] the meaning of the name is the garder and when the Islamic ages came to Egypt they added A to the word Syowt to be at the end Asyut.

Population[edit]

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 26.5%. Out of an estimated 4,245,215 people residing in the governorate, 3,119,112 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 1,126,103 in urban areas. [3]

Demographics[edit]

Asyut governorate has a population of over 4 million people,with a significant Coptic presence. In 1914, it had the second largest proportion of Copts in Egypt, where they made up 20.7% of the population.[4] However it is likely that figure is underestimated, since the Church claims up to 48.5% while the remaining population are Sunni Muslims.[5][6] Evangelical (Protestant) religions had significant growth in some districts of Asyut, as evidenced in 1907 census data, where half of the citizens of a village were counted as Protestant Copts.[7] Muslims and Christians have lived together in Asyut and at times there have been clashes. In July 2013, a large number of Christians took to the streets to protest Muslim extremism in Asyut.[8] Whether Christian or Muslim, Asyut is home to a very conservative society and in October, 2016 Upper Egypt's first beauty pageant, which was to be held in Asyut, had to be canceled due to death threats and security issues. A very conservative society, which is Asyut, stopped the pageant.[9]

Cities[edit]

Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]

  • Al Awamer Abnoub
  • Al Zarabi in Abu Tig
  • Al Safa (Beni Ghaleb)
  • Sahel Selim
  • Dairout
  • Badari
  • New Asyut

Important sites[edit]

Ancient quarries are an important feature of Asyut. There are about 500 rock-cut tombs and limestone quarries all around Asyut.[11]The governorate of Asyut includes the Ancient Egyptian tombs of Meir,[12] and the town of Durunka,[13] which is a pilgrimage site for many Copts who come to visit a monastery dedicated to the Virgin Mary.[14][15][16]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mansour appoints 20 new governors". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Hopkins, Daniel J. (1997). Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). Merriam Webster. ISBN 978-0877795469. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  4. ^ "Christians of the Middle East". Columbia University. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Coptic Orthodox Church in action - Al-Ahram Weekly". weekly.ahram.org.eg. Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-02-18. 
  6. ^ Seng, Ph.D, Yvonne (2008). Men in Black Dresses: A Quest for the Future Among Wisdom-Makers of the Middle East. Simon & Shuster. p. 85. ISBN 9781439104569. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Sharkey, Heather J. (2013). American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire. Princeton University Press. p. 73. ISBN 9781400837250. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Thabet, Mamdouh; Hendawi, Hamza. "Christian Egyptians confront Muslim stronghold". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  9. ^ Farouk, Menna A. (October 11, 2016). "Egypt Pulse - Threats drive out beauty pageant in Upper Egypt". Al Monitor. Archived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Mostafa, Ashraf Aboul-Fetooh. Caves of the Nile Valley (Governorate of Assiut, Middle Egypt): a long-term interaction between human societies and their environment. Open Edition. p. 37. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. 
  12. ^ Maspero, Gaston. History of Egypt, Chald_a, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria (Complete). Library of Alexandria. ISBN 9781465523808. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  13. ^ Albera, Dionigi; Couroucli, Maria (2012). Sharing Sacred Spaces in the Mediterranean: Christians, Muslims, and Jews at Shrines and Sanctuaries. Indiana University Press. p. 169. ISBN 9780253223173. 
  14. ^ "The Convent of Virgin Mary - Assiut". YouTube. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  15. ^ Meinardus, Otto (June 1, 1962). The Holy Family in Egypt. Coptic Net. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  16. ^ Fouly, Mahmoud; Xue, Wang. "Virgin Mary's convent, monastery in Assiut eye witnesses of Holy Family's flee to Upper Egypt". Xinhua. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  17. ^ Meinardus, Otto F. A. (September 1, 2006). Christians In Egypt: Orthodox, Catholic, and Protestant Communities - Past and Present. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 9781617972621. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  18. ^ Hanna Fahmy Wissa, Assiout: the saga of an Egyptian family, 2000.
  19. ^ "Ḥāfiẓ Ibrāhīm EGYPTIAN POET". Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  20. ^ Stephens, Robert Henry (1972). Nasser: A Political Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-21224-7. 
  21. ^ "Pope of Egypt's Coptic Christian Church dies". USA Today. March 17, 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 

External links[edit]