At-Takathur

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Sura 102 of the Quran
التكاثر
At-Takāthur
Rivalry In Worldly Increase
Classification Meccan
Other names Hoarding, Competition, Worldly Gain, Rivalry
Position Juzʼ 30
No. of verses 8
Calligraphy of the Sura of Rivalry

Sūrat at-Takāthur (Arabic: سورة التكاثر‎, "Rivalry, Competition") is the 102nd sura of the Qur'an with 8 ayat.

Overview[edit]

After the bismillah, this sura is concerned with factionalism and schism amongst people. Disagreements between individuals and groups follows us "even until you visit the tombs". Three times in a row the sura warns the reader that "you shall know" that those who sow discord are headed towards Hell. Here, proper understanding is required for entrance into Paradise, and should one not attain this on Earth, one will receive the "eye of certainty" on the Day of Judgment, when "you shall be questioned ... concerning true bliss".

Theme and subject matter[edit]

Surah At-Takathur [102]

Nahj al-Balagha commentary on Al-Islam.org is quoted as:

Mention in ahadith[edit]

  • It was narrated from Mutarrif, from his father, that the Prophet said: "The mutual rivalry (for piling up of worldly things) diverts you, 'Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die).' The son of Adam says: 'My wealth, my wealth,' but your wealth is what you eat and consume, or what you wear and it wears out, or what you give in charity and send on ahead (for the Hereafter).'"[2]
  • Mutarrif bin Abdullah bin Ash-Shikh-khir reported from his father, : that he went to the Prophet and he was reciting: ‘أَلْهَاكُمُ التَّكَاثُرُ ’ He said: “The son of Adam says: ‘My wealth, my wealth.’ And do you own anything except what you give in charity, such that you’ve spent it, or what you eat, such that you’ve finished it, or you wear, such that you’ve worn it out?”[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sermon 219
  2. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 3613. In-book reference : Book 30 (The Book of Wills), Hadith 3. English translation : Vol. 4, Book 30, Hadith 3643
  3. ^ Grade: Sahih (Darussalam) English reference: Jami' at-Tirmidhi » Chapters on Tafsir Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3354. Arabic reference : كتاب تفسير القرآن عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم Book 47, Hadith 3678
  4. ^ Reference: Jami' at-Tirmidhi 2342 In-book reference : Chapters On Zuhd Book 36, Hadith 39. English translation : Vol. 4, Book 10, Hadith 2342

External links[edit]