An-Nās

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Sura 114 of the Quran
الناس
An-Nās
Mankind
Classification Meccan
Other names The Men, People
Position Juzʼ 30
No. of verses 6
No. of words 20
No. of letters 80

Surat An-Nas (Arabic: سورة الناس‎, "Mankind") is the 114th and last sura, or chapter, of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book. It is a short six-verse invocation, asking God (Allah) for protection from the Shaitan. There is a Sunnah tradition of reading this Surah for the sick or before sleeping.

Name[edit]

The sura takes its name from the word "people" or "mankind" (an-nas) which recurs throughout the Surah. Together with Sura Al-Falaq it is also known as Al-Mu'awwidhatayn; dealing with roughly the same theme, they form a natural pair.

Timing and contextual background of revelation (Asbab an-nuzul)[edit]

It is a Makki surah, which means it was revealed in Mecca, instead of Medina.

Theme and subject matter[edit]

The surah begin by the mention of God as the Lord of mankind and teaches one to seek refuge in him from the whisperings of Satan and those of evil jinn and people. This is another surah commonly used as an invocation against evil paired with surah Falaq.

Implications of the surah on a Muslim's life[edit]

According to Tafsir ibn Kathir, it has been reported from Abu Sa'id that: Muhammad used to seek protection from the evil eyes of the jinn and mankind. But when the Muawwidhatayn were revealed, he used them (for protection) and abandoned all else besides them. At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisai and ibn Majah recorded this.

Relations to other sura[edit]

Being the last sura of the Quran, it is a kind of final response to the invocation that the reader of the Quran made to God in Al-Fatihah, the first sura of the Quran. The response is that even though God has provided detailed guidance, the seeker of guidance must also pray to God that he remains free from the waswāsa of the Satan.

Relation to topics discussed in previous sura[edit]

The outwardly problem is mentioned in Surat al-Falaq but more specific information is mentioned in this sura as to the root cause of envying problem, the shaytan himself who puts waswāsa (whisperings) into the hearts of the people.

In Surat al-Falaq, God protects from outwardly harms of evils, whereas in Surat an-Nās God protects from evils which affect inside; i.e. whisperings which can weaken belief, introduce doubts, or enticing mankind towards evil.

In Surat al-Falaq, there were evils which are harmful to mankind, but outside of people's control. The one committing those evils (i.e. magic, envy etc.) would be sinful.

In Surat an-Nās, there are evils which are whispered to people. If people act upon these whisperings, which call towards evil actions, people will be the ones who are sinful. Therefore, this is more of a desperate situation for people's beliefs, thus this is the greater danger for mankind.

Surat al-Falaq mentions the harms people would get in their worldly matters, whereas Surat an-Nās mentions the harms people would get in their religious matter. So asking God's protection is a lot more emphasised in this an-Nās – with a lot more of God's names, in comparison to Surat al-Falaq when Rabb is mentioned only once. This shows that concerning religious matters is more important than worldly matters for mankind.

This sura has more emphasis on seeking protection with God, in comparison to the previous surah which had more emphasis on seeking protection against evil, so there is a recipocracy between these two surahs; al-Falaq mentions Rabb (Lord) once, and many evils, whereas an-Nas mentions one Evil (waswāsa/whisperings from shaytan), and mentions God many times.

Relevant ahadith[edit]

Ahadith mentioning the benefits of the Surah[edit]

Surat an-Nas and al-Falaq are together called Al-Mu'awwidhatayn.
Authentic or "Sahi" means the information is very reliable.
Argumentative means there is difference of opinion about these Hadith. Some believe they are correct. Others believe they are from weak sources.
Unauthentic or weak or fabricated means the Hadith are not from trustworthy sources (but there can still be similar story from a trustlworthy source).
Uncategorized are the Hadith which the editors have not yet decided are authentic or weak.

The benefits, virtues, merits and Fazilats of Sura Al-Falaq and Sura al-Nas
Topic Sunni (Maliki, Shafi, Hanbali, Hanafi, Salafi / Ahle Hadith Shia Sufi
Two of the best Surahs Authentic.

Imam Ahmad recorded from Uqbah bin `Amir that he said, "While I was leading Muhammad along one of these paths he said, O `Uqbah! Will you not ride, I was afraid that this might be considered an act of disobedience. So Muhammad got down and I rode for a while. Then he rode. Then he said, O Uqbah! Should I not teach you two Surahs that are of the best two Surahs that the people recite? I said, `Of course, Muhammad.' So he taught me to recite Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of Al-Falaq. (Surat al-Falaq) and Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind. (Surat an-Nas) Then the call was given to begin the prayer and Muhammad went forward (to lead the people), and he recited them in the prayer. Afterwards he passed by me and said, What do you think, O `Uqayb! "Recite these two Surahs whenever you go to sleep and whenever you get up. [An-Nasa'i and Abu Dawud both recorded this Hadith.][1]

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Recite whenever we sleep See "Two of the best Surahs" Uncategorized.

Reciting the Al-Mu'awwidhatayn before sleeping is a means of safety and if recited on any part of the body that is paining, the pain will be relieved[2][3]

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Recite after every prayer Authentic.

Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir: Muhammad commanded me to recite Mu’awwidhatayn (the last two suwar of the Qur'an) after every prayer. (Sunan Abu Dawud Bk.8 No.1518) Tafsir al-Mu’awwidhatayn (Qur'anic Exegesis of Surah al-Falaq & Surah an-Nas) " The Yearning for Islam Project. Attaining Peace by Total Submission to Allah (SWT)[4] Similar story in [Silsilah ahadeeth Saheeha:645][5]

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Among the best ways to take refuge Authentic.

Muhammad said : "Should I inform you of the best refuge which the person who seeks refuge takes?" He [the companion] said: ‘Of course O Muhammad.’ He said: "Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of Daybreak,’ (Surat al-Falaq) and ‘Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind.’ (Surat an-Nas. These two surahs." [Silsilah ahadeeth Saheeha:1104] [6]

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2 Suras 3 times in morning and evening suffices from everything Authentic.

‘Recite Surat al-Iḫlās and al-Maw’idhatayn (Surat al-Falaq and Surat an-Nas) three times in the morning and the evening; they will suffice you from everything.’ Narrated by at-Tirm idhee. And Im aam Al-Albaanee authenticated it : 2829[5]

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Recite at night ? Uncategorized.

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq has said that whoever recites this sura in his house every night, will be kept safe from Jinnaat and the evil designs of Shaitan.[2][3]

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Recite whenever we wake up Please see "Two of the best Surahs" ? ?
Journey ? Uncategorized.

Five suwar that have been recommended to be recited during a journey are surah an-Nasr, Kafirun, at-Tawhid (Al-Ikhlas), al-Falaq and an-Nas[2][3]

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Stories of how Muhammad protected himself Authentic.

Narrated ‘Aisha: "Whenever Muhammad became sick, he would recite Mu’awwidhatayn (Surat al-Falaq and Surat an-Nas) and then blow his breath over his body. When he became seriously ill, I used to recite (these two suwar) and rub his hands over his body hoping for its blessings. (Sahih al-Bukhari Vol.6 Bk.6 No.535) Narrated ‘Aisha: "Whenever Muhammad went to bed every night, he used to cup his hands together and blow over it after reciting Surat al-Ikhlas, Surat al-Falaq and Surat an-Nas, and then rub his hands over whatever parts of his body he was able to rub, starting with his head, face and front of his body. He used to do that three times. (Sahih al-Bukhari Vol.6 Bk.6 No.536)

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See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Quran Surah Falaq – Surah Nas, Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Arabic English, HTMl, PDF, Free Download".
  2. ^ a b c http://www.duas.org/suraben.doc
  3. ^ a b c "Rewards of Reciting the Qur'anic Surahs – Imam Reza Network".
  4. ^ "Tafsir al-Mu'awwidhatayn (Qur'anic Exegesis of Surah al-Falaq & Surah an-Nas)". The Yearning for Islam Project. Attaining Peace by Total Submission to Allah (SWT).
  5. ^ a b "{title}" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
  6. ^ https://abdurrahman.org/qurantafseer/TheVirtuesOfSomeSurahs_ShaikAlbanee.pdf Archived May 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]