At-Tariq

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Sura 86 of the Quran
الطارق
Aṭ-Ṭāriq
The Morning Star
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesThe Bright Star, The Night-Star, That Which Comes in the Night, The Nightly Visitant, The Nightcommer
PositionJuzʼ 30
No. of verses17
No. of words61
No. of letters254

aṭ-Ṭāriq[1] (Arabic: الطارق‎, “The Piercing Star” is the eighty-sixth sura of the Quran with 17 ayat. Muslims believe this chapter was sent to Muhammad when he was in Mecca.

Summary[edit]

  • 1-3 Oath by the star of piercing brightness
  • 4 Every soul has its guardian angel
  • 5-8 God the Creator, and therefore can raise the dead
  • 9-10 The judgment-day shall reveal secret thoughts
  • 11-14 Oaths by heaven and earth that the Quran is God’s word
  • 15-17 Muhammad exhorted to bear patiently with the unbelievers plotting his ruin [2]

Exegesis[edit]

1-4 Sins are being recorded[edit]

In this sura, God (Allah) takes an oath by the sky and At-Tariq to say that there is an assigned watcher over every human being and all the deeds and sins done by human beings are being recorded.

5-7 Between the backbone and the ribs[edit]

Allah then asks the human beings to think about how they were created. He then goes on to say that he has created human beings from the gushing water flowing between the backbone and the ribs.[1] The Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur'an vol. 5 says, "there may be greater facts hidden in the verse that modern science has not found yet, however, scientists may uncover them in the future".[3]

8-10 Judgment Day[edit]

Allah then reminds the human beings about the Judgment Day, the day when all the secrets would be revealed. On that day, human beings would have no power and no one would help them.

11-14 Oath on the heaven and the earth[edit]

God then takes another oath on the heaven and the earth to say that, whatever being said here is word of God and must be taken very seriously.

15-17 Non-believers plotting a scheme[edit]

In the last three verses of the chapter, God says that the non-believers are plotting a scheme but in return God is also planning a scheme.

Hadith[edit]

The first and foremost exegesis/tafsir of the Quran is found in hadith of Muhammad.[4] Although scholars including ibn Taymiyyah claim that Muhammad has commented on the whole of the Quran, others including Ghazali cite the limited amount of narratives, thus indicating that he has commented only on a portion of the Quran.[5] Ḥadīth (حديث) is literally "speech" or "report", that is a recorded saying or tradition of Muhammad validated by isnad; with Sirah Rasul Allah these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. According to Aishah,[6][7] the life of Prophet Muhammad was practical implementation of Quran.[8][9][10] Therefore, mention in hadith elevates the importance of the pertinent surah from a certain perspective. According to hadith, the prophet Muhammad used to recite this surah in Zuhr prayer and Asr prayer.

  • Jabir bin Samurah narrated: "For Zuhr and Asr, Allah's Messenger would recite: By the heavens, holding the Buruj (Surah 85) and (By the heavens and At-Tariq) and similar to them."[11][12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ibn Kathir. "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al Tariq". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  2. ^ Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ "An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Qur'an vol. 19". Al Islam.org. p. 288. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  4. ^ Şatibi, El-muvafakat
  5. ^ Muhsin Demirci, Tefsir Usulü, 120
  6. ^ Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani) صحيح (الألباني) حكم  : Reference  : Sunan Abu Dawud 1342 In-book reference  : Book 5, Hadith 93 English translation  : Book 5, Hadith 1337
  7. ^ Al-Adab Al-Mufrad » Dealings with people and good character - كتاب English reference  : Book 14, Hadith 308 Arabic reference  : Book 1, Hadith 308
  8. ^ Sahih Al- Jami' AI-Saghir, No.4811
  9. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah 2333 In-book reference  : Book 13, Hadith 26 English translation  : Vol. 3, Book 13, Hadith 2333
  10. ^ Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference  : Sunan an-Nasa'i 1601 In-book reference  : Book 20, Hadith 4 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 20, Hadith 1602
  11. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi 307 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 159 English translation  : Vol. 1, Book 2, Hadith 307
  12. ^ Sunan Abu Dawud 805 In-book reference  : Book 2, Hadith 415 English translation  : Book 3, Hadith 804
  13. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 979 In-book reference  : Book 11, Hadith 104 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 11, Hadith 980

External links[edit]