Basavakalyan

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Basavakalyana
town
World's tallest Statue of Basavanna, 108 feet (33 m)
World's tallest Statue of Basavanna, 108 feet (33 m)
Basavakalyana is located in Karnataka
Basavakalyana
Basavakalyana
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 17°52′22″N 76°56′59″E / 17.87278°N 76.94972°E / 17.87278; 76.94972Coordinates: 17°52′22″N 76°56′59″E / 17.87278°N 76.94972°E / 17.87278; 76.94972
Country  India
State Karnataka
Division Kalaburagi Division
Region Bayaluseeme
District Bidar district
Taluka Basavakalyan taluka
Government
 • Body City Municipal Council
Area
 • Total 32 km2 (12 sq mi)
Elevation 621 m (2,037 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 69,717
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
 • Males 36,116
 • Females 33,601
Languages
 • Official language Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585 327
Telephone code 08481
Vehicle registration KA-56
Website http://www.basavakalyancity.mrc.gov.in/

Basavakalyana is a town in Bidar District of the state of Karnataka, India, and was historically known as Kalyan.

History[edit]

Basavakalyana's history dates back to 3000 years with its name being mentioned in Guru Charitra[citation needed].

Before India's independence, Basavakalyana was called Kalyani. After independence and division of states on linguistic basis in 1956, Kalyana was renamed as BasavaKalyana in memory of Vishwaguru Basavanna, a great revolutionary who established Anubhava Mantapa (spiritual democracy) in 12th century India.

Basavakalyana was ruled by Western Chalukyas, Kalachuris of Kalyani, Yadavas of Devagiri, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahamani Sultanate (Bidar, Gulbarga), Bidar Sultanate, Bijapur Sultanate, Mughals and Hyderabad Nizams.

Western Chalukyas[edit]

It was the royal capital of the Western Chalukya (Kalyani Chalukyas) dynasty from 1050 to 1195. Someshvara I (1041-1068) made Kalyana as his capital, recognised as Kalyani Chalukyas to differentiate with Badami Chalukyas. Later ruled by Someshvara II, Vikramaditya VI, Someshvara III, Jagadhekamalla III and Tailapa III. King Someshwara I (1042-68 CE) moved the capital from Manyakheta (present Malkhed in Kalaburagi district) to Kalyani.[1] During the 10th-12th centuries ruled nearly half of India,[2][3] most of the western Deccan and South India. King Vikramaditya VI had scholars in his court such as Someshwara, Bilhana (poet of Kashmir) and Vigyaneshwara (legal expert). On 26 February 1077 Coronation of Vikramaditya VI started Chalukya Vikrama Varsha Jalsangi Temple.

Kalyani Chalukya architecture[edit]

The earliest examples of the Kalyani Chalukya style are found at Kuknur. The Kalleshvara and Navalinga temples here bear resemblances to early Chalukya group of Aihole and Pattadkal. The Jaina temple at Lakkundi near Gadag forms the next step in the improvement of this style introducing a greater ornamental effect in the treatment of the surface.

The Kalyani style of architecture reached its maturity and culmination in the 12th century. Kasi Vishveshvara at Lakkundi, Mallikarjuna at Kuruvatti and Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) are the finest examples produced by the later Chalukya architects. The Saraswathi and Someshwara temples at Gadag are in a mutilated condition. There are nearly one hundred monuments of the period, scattered all over the Deccan, giving us information about the artistic excellence attained by the later Chalukyas of Kalyani.

Kalachuris and Basaveshwara[edit]

Kalachuris of Kalyani succeeded Kalyani Chalukyas continued Kalyani as there capital. During the 12th century the Kalachuris of Kalyani King Bijjala (1156–1167) assumed the throne, and Basaveshwara was appointed as his prime minister. Basaveshwara led a social movement to stop untouchability and gender discrimination, Shivasharana revolution took place. Basaveshwara motivated many with the Vachana sahitya, and more than 600 people became writers called Vachanakaras.

Centre of social and religious movement[edit]

The centre of a great social and religious movement. In the 12th century, because of the social reformer Basava, it became a seat of learning. Basava, Akka Mahadevi, Channabasavanna, Siddarama and other Sharanas are associated with Basavakalyana. Basava, who fought against casteism and orthodoxy in Hinduism.[4]

Vishwaguru Basavanna was a great revolutionary who established spiritual democracy called "Anubhava Mantapa" in the 12th century in India(Anubhava Mantapa – which is also called as the "First Parliament of the World". It was led by Saint Allamprabhu), and gave practical solutions to all kind of problems mankind was suffering at that time. His teachings are time tested, scientific and proven. Basava-Tatva is never ending inspiration to achieve the welfare of mankind.

Tourism[edit]

Basavakalyan Fort
Basavakalyan Fort
Basavakalyan Temple

At Jalasangvi, Narayanapura and Shivapura there are temples of the Chalukya dynasty. Basaveshvara temple is at the centre of Basavakalyana. There are some Islamic monuments Moti Mahal, Hydari Mahal, Peeran Durga. And other religious places such as Gachchina Matha, Kambali Matha and Sadananda Matha.

Basavakalyana Fort was constructed by Chalukyas. Later on it was under the Nizam’s rule. There is museum in a side fort and has immense collection of historic valuables and information. There are Jain idols of the 10th-11th century.[5]

  • Shiva Temple at Narayanpura
  • Basaveshwara Temple
  • Anubhava Mantapa
  • There is a statue of Allamaprabhu, as the guru of the Basavanna and the related photos of Basavanna which he has worked for the people.
  • There is lake beside it and full of trees surrounding its Temple.
  • Basava Dharma Peetha Charitable Trust with the intension of reviving Sharana cultural heritage purchased a land of 3 acres on 21-12-2001 by the side of main road nearby the entrance of Basava Kalyana town. Later on the Trust purchased 17.5 acres just adjacent to the previous land and has built a prayer hall and living rooms. Haralayya Tirtha - an attractive water reservoir is formed.
  • Sri Basaveswara cave and Akkamahadevi cave have been chiselled and carved beautifully in laterite rock-soil. Sharana village formed pictures the concept of 12th century Sharanas engaged actively in their kayakas (occupations).
  • The Trust is running an orphanage. There is a beautiful Hillock which is named as Sharana Shaila. Beautiful rolling land scape is the high light of the place. On Sharana Shaila is erected Lord Basavanna’s statue of 108’ height. It is structured on a pedestal of 24 feet height, 60’ x 80’ size. ruins of lord shiva temple of great architectural styles and written scripts can be found in a village soldapka, which is situated 20 km away from Basavakalyanaa.

Education[edit]

Basavakalyana city is renowned for its educational heritage. It hosts a big number of educational institutes. Following table names a few of them:

Type Names
Schools Basaveshwara primary and highschool,(Kannada and English )
Type Names
Schools Shantinikethan primary and highschool,(Kannada)

It has one Engineering College also

Geography[edit]

Basavakalyana is located at 17°52′N 76°57′E / 17.87°N 76.95°E / 17.87; 76.95.[6] It has an average elevation of 621 metres (2037 feet).

Demographics[edit]

The Basavakalyan City Municipal Council has population of 69,717 of which 36,116 are males while 33,601 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.[7] Kannada language is spoken by the majority of the population. Marathi , Hindi & Urdu are also spoken in the town.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 9949 which is 14.27% of total population of Basavakalyan (CMC). In Basavakalyan City Municipal Council, Female Sex Ratio is of 930 against state average of 973. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Basavakalyan is around 879 compared to Karnataka state average of 948. Literacy rate of Basavakalyan city is 77.46% higher than state average of 75.36%. In Basavakalyan, Male literacy is around 82.46% while female literacy rate is 72.13%.

Religions in Basavakalyan[8]
Religion Percent
Hindu
  
48.45%
Muslim
  
49.44%
Christians
  
0.22%
Others†
  
2.11%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.06%), Buddhists (0.74%), Jain (0.06%).

See also[edit]

References[edit]