Eluru

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Eluru
ఏలూరు
Ellore
Helapuri
City
Eluru Fire Station Centre
Eluru Fire Station Centre
Eluru is located in Andhra Pradesh
Eluru
Eluru
Coordinates: 16°42′N 81°06′E / 16.7°N 81.1°E / 16.7; 81.1Coordinates: 16°42′N 81°06′E / 16.7°N 81.1°E / 16.7; 81.1
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District West Godavari
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Eluru Municipal Corporation
 • M.P Maganti Venkateswara Rao
 • M.L.A Badeti Kota Ramarao
Area[1]
 • City 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi)
Elevation 22 m (72 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 218,018
 • Rank 6th (in state)
 • Density 15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 283,648
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 53400*
Telephone code +91–8812
Vehicle registration AP–37
Website Eluru Municipal Corporation
Buddha Statue

Eluru is a city and district headquarters of West Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] It is one of the 16 municipal corporations in the state, and the mandal headquarters of Eluru mandal in Eluru revenue division.[5][6] As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 218,018.[2] The city is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven products.[7]

Etymology[edit]

The city was alternately referred as in days of Buddhist kingdom of Vengi Helapuri.[8] It was also known as Ellore.[9]

History[edit]

History of Eluru dates back to 2nd century and has great prominence in the history of Andhra. Vengi (Pedavegi, Chinavegi, and Denduluru) near Eluru was capital of Andhra from 2nd century to 12th century, ruled by Salankayanas, Vishnukudinas, and Eastern Chalukyas. Vengi was capital of Andhra for many years than other city. Eluru was part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi.

Eastern Chalukyas Period (7th century to 12th century):

Eastern Chalukyas, or Chalukyas of Vengi were a South Indian dynasty whose kingdom was located in the present day Andhra Pradesh. Their capital was Vengi (Pedavegi and Denduluru, near Eluru) and their dynasty lasted for around 500 years from the 7th century until c. 1130 C.E. when the Vengi kingdom merged with the Chola empire. The Vengi kingdom was continued to be ruled by Eastern Chalukyan kings under the protection of the Chola empire until 1189 C.E., when the kingdom succumbed to the Hoysalas and the Yadavas. They had their capital originally at Vengi now (Pedavegi, Chinavegi and Denduluru) near Eluru of the West Godavari district end later changed to Rajamahendravaram (Rajamundry).

Kakathiya, Kalinga, Vijayanagara, and Golkonda's Period (13th Century to 16th Century):

Eluru was later captured by Kakatiyas and then became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it fell into the hands of the Gajapatis. In 1515 Srikrishnadevaraya captured it. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan of Golkonda, Kutub Shah.

Modern History:

Eluru was formerly a military station, and the capital of the Northern Circars, a former division of British India's Madras Presidency.[9] Salabat Jang, the son of the Nizam al Mulk, granted Northern Circurs to French East India Company and was necessarily transferred from the French to the British. After the British established control over South India, Eluru and surrounding areas were merged into the Madras Presidency.

During the division of Northern Cirkars into districts, Eluru was made a part of Machilipatnam district. Later, it was included in the Godavari District in 1859. Subsequently, Eluru was made part of the Krishna District. Finally, in 1925, West Godavari District was formed with Eluru as its headquarters. All district offices and regional offices were set up in Eluru city.

Eluru was upgraded from a municipality to a corporation in April 2005 and eventually grew into a well developed town. In the process, some of the surrounding villages were merged in the city, raising the city's population to 285,900.

Climate[edit]

Eluru city falls in the hot humid region of the country and it is less than 40 miles (64 km) from Bay of Bengal. The climate of the city is very hot in the summers and it is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years. The maximum temperature observed is 51.7 °C and the minimum temperature observed is 12.9 °C.

Geography[edit]

Eluru is located at 16°42′N 81°06′E / 16.7°N 81.1°E / 16.7; 81.1 and has an average elevation of 22 m (72 ft).

Demographics[edit]

Eluru Municipal Corporation

Eluru had population of 217,566 in 1991 later it declines to 190,347 in 2001 but now the city had a population of 217,876 with 55,019 households As of 2011 census of India.[1] The Eluru urban agglomeration had a population of 283,648.[3]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Eluru Vasantha mahal Centre

Eluru Municipal Corporation was formed on 9 April 2005 by upgrading it from selection grade municipality.[8] It is spread over an of 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi) with 50 wards.[1] Eluru urban agglomeration constituents include Eluru municipal corporation, census towns of Sanivarapupeta, Satrampadu, Gavaravaram, Tangellamudi and partly out growths of Komadavolu, Eluru (Rural) villages.[6]

Law and Order

Eluru has 8 Police stations which includes one women and one traffic police station. These are under the jurisdiction of Additional Judicial First Class Magistrate.[10]

Politics

Eluru (Assembly constituency) is one of the constituency for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Badeti Kota Ramarao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[11] The constituency falls under Eluru (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Maganti Venkateswara Rao of Telugu Desam Party.[12][13]

Economy[edit]

Tangellamudi, Sanivarapueta and Lakshavarapupeta areas of the city are known for the wooden pile carpet industry. The eco-friendly carpets are made from wool and are exported to the countries like US, Australia, Germany and the UK.[14][15] R.R.Pet, Powerpet, Eluru 1-Town are the commercial places in Eluru.

Transport[edit]

Eluru is well connected to most of the cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh by road, rail and waterways. The bus and railway are the main mode of transport services. While, Vijayawada Airport is the nearest airport for the air travel.

Roadways[edit]

Eluru New Bus Stand Departure Block from 14th Terminal

Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates buses from Eluru New bus station of the city to various destinations. While, Eluru Old bus stand is utilized for bypass express and ordinary services. AH 45, a part of the Golden Quadrilateral, connecting Chennai and Kolkata, passes through the city. The Eluru – ChintalapudiSathupalli SH–43 and the The Eluru – KamavarapukotaJangareddygudem SH–44 are the state highways passing through the city.

Railways[edit]

Eluru railway station

Eluru is an A–Grade stations in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[16][17] Apart from it Powerpet railway station and Vatluru are the two local train stations in the city. All these stations are located on Howrah-Chennai main line.

Waterways[edit]

National Waterway 4 (India) (NW-4) has been declared as an Indian National Waterway and is under development. The National Waterway 4 (India) (NW-4) runs along the Coromandal Coast through Kakinada, Eluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canal and also through part of Krishna and Godavari rivers in South India.

Cityscape[edit]

View of Buddha Statue

Buddha park is located in the city and is notable for its 72 ft (22 m) Buddha statue in the Abhaya posture, located in the heart of Gaja Vallivari Cheruvu tank which as used as drinking water source for Elephants in Ancient Era.[18] Eluru will soon to host an Antique museum.[19]

Nearby landmarks[edit]

Spot-billed pelicans

Kolleru lake is a largest fresh water lake, located at a distance of about 15 km from the city. The lake is known for attracting migratory birds from Northern Europe and Northern Asia during the months of October–March. Dwaraka Tirumala temple, Guntupalli Caves at distance of 40 km.

Sports[edit]

Cricket and Soccer are the most popular sports in the city. Presently the city 🏙 has three stadium out of which Indoor Stadium, ASR Stadium hosted for Ranji Trophy in 1977. Other popular stadiums are Helapuri grounds, C.R. Reddy Cricket stadium.

Education[edit]

Many private residential junior colleges, high schools and technical institutions are present in Eluru and thousands of students from various places in the district and state study in these institutions every year. They include ASRAMS, Sir C.R.Reddy Educational Institutions, Eluru College of Engineering and Technology.[20]

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Kommareddi Suryanarayana - Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha member in Indian Parliament, Indian freedom activist.
  • Murali Mohan - is an Indian film actor, Lok Sabha member in Indian Parliament from Rajamundry, film producer, politician and a business executive from Chataparru in Eluru Mandal.
  • Sekhar Kammula is a Telugu film director whose family originally was from Eluru.
  • Duvvuri Subbarao is an Indian Economist, Central Banker and Civil Servant. He was the 22nd Governor of Reserve Bank of India, served under Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh.
  • Silk Smitha was an Indian film artiste who worked predominantly in the South Indian languages. She became the most sought-after erotic actress in the early 1980s. In a career spanning 17 years, she appeared in over 450 films in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada and Hindi languages.
  • L. V. Prasad was an Indian film producer, actor, director, cinematographer and businessman. He was one of the pioneers of Indian cinema and is the recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest Award for India cinems.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Eluru Municipal Corporation Details". Eluru Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Statistics". Eluru Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "District - West Godavari". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "West Godavari District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 439. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 22–23, 54. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Babu, A. Satish (2008). Tourism development in India : a case study. New Delhi: A.P.H. Pub. Corp. p. 87. ISBN 978-81-313-0346-7. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Unnisa, edited by Syeda Azeem; Rav, S. Bhupatthi (2013). Sustainable solid waste management (Online-Ausg. ed.). Toronto: Apple Academic Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-926895-24-6. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Ellore - Encyclopedia". theodora.com. 
  10. ^ "Territorial Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts". Official Website of District Court of India. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 20,30. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Nagaraja, G (20 March 2014). "Handmade carpet industry in doldrums". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  15. ^ Sajnani, Manohar (2001). Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Pub. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-7835-018-9. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "Divisional info" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  17. ^ "Eluru railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  18. ^ "Eluru Tourism, Tourist Attractions in Eluru, Religious Places in Eluru". 
  19. ^ G. Nagaraja. "Antique museum at Eluru soon". The Hindu. 
  20. ^ "Welcome! Eluru College of Engineering & Technology : Eluru". ecet.ac.in. 

External links[edit]