Jangaon, Warangal district

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Jangaon
జనగాం
جنگاوں
Town
Jangaon is located in Telangana
Jangaon
Jangaon
Location in Telangana, India
Coordinates: 17°43′N 79°11′E / 17.72°N 79.18°E / 17.72; 79.18Coordinates: 17°43′N 79°11′E / 17.72°N 79.18°E / 17.72; 79.18
Country India
State Telangana
District Warangal
Government
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipality
 • MLA Muthireddy Yadagiri Reddy
 • Member of Parliament Burra Narsaiah
Area[1]
 • Total 16.04 km2 (6.19 sq mi)
Elevation 382 m (1,253 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 52,394
 • Rank 2nd in District
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 506 167
Telephone code 91–8716
Vehicle registration TS-03

Jangaon is a town in Warangal district Indian state of the Telangana. It is also the headquarters of Jangaon Mandal in Jangaon Revenue Division. It is about 85 kilometres from Hyderabad, on the National Highway 163 and State Highway 9 (Suryapet-Siddipet). Jangaon is spread over an area of 16.04 km² and divided into 29 municipal wards as second grade municipality.

Geography[edit]

Jangaon is located at 17°43′N 79°11′E / 17.72°N 79.18°E / 17.72; 79.18.[3] It has an average elevation of 382 metres (1,253 ft).It is Geographically located in the eastern Deccan plateau.

Etymology[edit]

The name Jangaon evolved from "jain gaon" which means village of Jains, a religion of India. Kolanpak (kulpak) in the Nalgonda district which is about 20 km from Jangaon is a famous pilgrimage center for Jain people and it has much historical background.

History[edit]

Jangaon is an important Jain Heritage site of Telangana state

When the Jain religion dominated in India, most of the tourists from different places of India visited Kulpak. At that time most of the Jains settled in Jangaon, which was called Jaingaon at that time. Things changed from time to time and people started calling it "Jangaon".

History suggests that there has been human habitation in Jangaon area since the mid-Neolithic period. It was also the second capital region of the Kalyani Chalukyas in 11th century. Siddipet, Suryapet and Bhuvanagiri came under Jangaon division before they were made districts later.

In 1953,there was shuffling of areas shifting of some villages from one taluka to the other. Subsequently, when Warangal district was divided to facilitate administrative control and on October 1, 1953 the Khammam district was formed. Khammam, Yellandu, Madhira, Burugunpahad and Palavancha talukas have been made part of it. Warangal, Mulugu, Mahaboobabad, Pakala remained in Warangal district. But Parkaala from Karimnagar district and Jangaon from Nalgonda district have become part of Warangal district. After these changes in 1953, few villages of Jangaon taluka went to Medak district and some remained in Nalgonda district.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Jangaon Town[4]
Religion Percent
Hindu
  
86.06%
Muslim
  
11.55%
Christians
  
1.83%
Others†
  
0.66%
Includes Sikhs, Buddhist
Jangaon Town population 
Census Pop.
1901 1,696
1911 3,537 108.5%
1921 4,158 17.6%
1931 8,078 94.3%
1941 7,036 -12.9%
1951 11,259 60.0%
1961 13,500 19.9%
1971 16,946 25.5%
1981 25,211 48.8%
1991 34,305 36.1%
2001 43,996 28.2%
2011 52,394 19.1%
Sources:[5]

As of the 2011 India census,[2] Jangaon had a population of 52,394. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jangaon City has an average literacy rate of 82.3%, higher than the national average of 74.5% and state average of 67.02%: male literacy is 89.8%, and female literacy is 74.5%. In Jangaon, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jangaon Municipality has total administration over 12,276 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Out of total population, 18,099 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 13,066 were males while 5,033 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 18099 working population, 89.20% were engaged in Main Work while 10.80% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.

Climate[edit]

Jangaon experiences a tropical kind of climate. It's a drought prone area according to Geological survey. Experiences very hot summers, moderate winters and rains less than the average precipitation.

The climate in Jangaon is referred to as a local steppe climate. During the year, there is little rainfall in Jangaon. The climate here is classified as BSh by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average annual temperature is 27.3 °C in Jangaon. In a year, the average rainfall is 788 mm. The least amount of rainfall occurs in January. The average in this month is 1 mm. Most precipitation falls in July, with an average of 183 mm.

The temperatures are highest on average in May, at around 33.9 °C. In December, the average temperature is 22.0 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The variation in the precipitation between the driest and wettest months is 182 mm. The average temperatures vary during the year by 11.9 °C.

Climate data for Jangaon Town
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
32.4
(90.3)
36.0
(96.8)
38.4
(101.1)
40.4
(104.7)
35.9
(96.6)
31.1
(88)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.4
(88.5)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
32.96
(91.32)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.0
(77)
27.5
(81.5)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
21.4
(70.5)
17.6
(63.7)
15.2
(59.4)
21.63
(70.95)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
5
(0.2)
21
(0.83)
17
(0.67)
119
(4.69)
183
(7.2)
167
(6.57)
168
(6.61)
78
(3.07)
21
(0.83)
8
(0.31)
790
(31.1)
Source: [1]

Governance[edit]

Civic Administration[edit]

Jangaon Municipal office

Jangaon Municipality was constituted in 1953 and is classified as a second grade municipality with 24 municipal wards. The jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 16.04 km2 (6.19 sq mi).[1]

Law and order[edit]

Deputy Superintendent of police Jangaon are responsible for maintaining law and order in Town and Jangaon sub district areas. Jangaon have Senior Civil Judge’s Court, and Prl. Junior Civil Judge’s Court for maintaining law and order.

Healthcare[edit]

The 100-bed Government Area Hospital Jangaon is the largest hospital in the Town. It also serves the needs of patients from the surrounding ares of Jangaon including parts Nalgonda district. Apart from this there are many private specialist hospitals are situated in Town.

Economy[edit]

Jangaon Junction during protest to create new district

Nawabpet cattle market is the second biggest market in Telangana state. The people here directly or indirectly depend on agriculture. Farming, farming related business, education, retail and wholesale business, handloom, weaving etc. are the major occupations. It is expected that the completion of J Chokka Rao Godavari Devadula Lift Irrigation Phase – II[when?], will boost the farming activity and also will provide fluoride-free drinking water to the area.

Places of interest[edit]

Jeedikal is a holy place where devotees worship Shri Rama, Laxmana, Sita and Hanuman. Devotees believe Shri Ram passed through Jeedikal in search of Golden Deer (Mareecha). Jeedikal Jatara is a biennial event. People from all over Telangana region visit this temple to attend the holy event. Kolanupaka was the second capital of the Kalyani Chalukyas during the 11th Century AD. During this period the village was the center of the Jains as well as the Saivites. According to literary evidence, it is the birthplace of 'Renukacharya', the great 'Veera Saiva' saint, believed to be born from the 'Svayambaghu Linga' at this village and absorbed into it after preaching Veera Saivam. Besides the Jain temple, other temples at Kulpak are the Shree Veeranarayan temple, and the Shree Someshwara temple.

Pembarthi, located 6 km from Jangaon, is world-famous for brass artifacts. The craftsmen at Pembarthi follow the method of embossing on brass and copper sheets. Komaravelli is a holy place where devotees worship Komaravelli Mallanna Swamy. Yadagirigutta is a popular Hindu temple of Narasimha Swamy situated on a hillock, located about 35 km from Jangaon.[6] Banapuram has an old Hanuman temple,[7] temple of Lord Venkateshwara and Ayyappa Temple.[8] At the time of Bathukamma festival women play bathukamma here. Sri Someswara Laxminarasimha Swamy Temple Palakurthi.

Tharigoppula has oldest temples like Nalla Pochamma Temple, Tharigoppula and Shri Chenna Keshavaswamy Temple, Tharigoppula located about 28 km from Jangaon. Nalla Pochamma Temple, Tharigoppula and Shri Chenna Keshavaswamy Temple, Tharigoppula was constructed by Arjula Dynasty Reddy Kings, Arjula Jagga Reddy & Arjula Joga Reddy, muula purush for the Arjula Dynasty. Arjula Dynasty was Samantha Rajulu in Kakatiya Dynasty.[9][10][11][12]

Sri Someshwara Laxminarasimha Swamy Temple, Palakurthy is 34 km from Jangoan on a hillock in the outskirts of Palakurthi Mandal headquarters. It is also the birthplace of famous poet "Palakurthi Somanadha Kavi" of 12 the century.

Education[edit]

VBIT College Jangaon

Jangaon is a major education hub in the district. Apart from local students, many students from the surrounding villages pursue their Education. There are many Engineering Colleges, Pharmacy colleges, Degree & PG Colleges, Junior Colleges and international Schools in the town.

Transport[edit]

Roadway[edit]

Jangaon to Guntur Bus service Via Suryapet and Vijayawada

Jangaon is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the Town are, National Highway 163, connecting Hyderabad and Bhopalpatnam, and state highway 16 (Suryapet-Siddipet) passes through the town. It is about 85 km from the state capital, Hyderabad, and 60 km from district headquarters Warangal city. The state's bus service provider TSRTC has a bus depot in Jangaon. It is well connected to all cities in Telangana and Major cities in Andhra Pradesh.

Railway[edit]

Jangaon Railway Station
Jangaon Railway Station nameboard

Jangaon Railway Station is major station which provides rail connectivity to the Jangaon to rest of India. Jangaon Station is under the jurisdiction of the Secunderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone. It lie on the important route of New Delhi- Hyderabad main line of Indian Railways.It is connected by a train from Hyderabad by Falaknuma – Jangaon MEMU train and SecunderabadWarangal trains.

Airway[edit]

The nearest International Airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad. It is 97 km from Jangaon Town. Other Airport near to Jangaon is Warangal Airport built by the Nizams at Mamnoor in 1930.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/802931-jangaon-andhra-pradesh.html

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/current-affairs/300616/jangaonites-make-a-point-struggle-for-jangaon-district-has-intensifies.html

http://www.gwmc.gov.in/knowyourcorporation.aspx

http://www.warjangaobp.appr.gov.in/hidden/-/asset_publisher/di5XrVERUf8s/content/about-jangaon-mandal/3100496