Battle rifle

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Battle rifle is a term used to describe a military service rifle that fires a full-power rifle cartridge, such as 7.62×51mm NATO or 7.62×54mmR. Compared to assault rifles and their intermediate cartridges, the higher-caliber rounds provide greater power and range, though they render magazine capacity low and produce stronger recoil, making them less than ideal for fully automatic fire.

Description[edit]

The designation of battle rifle is usually given to post-World War II select fire infantry rifles such as the FN FAL, the M14, BM59 and the H&K G3.[1] This term also describes older military full-powered semi-automatic rifles such as the M1 Garand, the MAS-49 and the FN-49.[2][3]

The term "battle rifle" was created largely out of a need to better differentiate the somewhat lower-power assault rifles (such as the StG-44, AK-47 and M16) from the full-powered automatic rifles (FN FAL, M14 rifle and H&K G3) as both classes of firearms have similar appearances and share many of the same features.[4] Prior to the 1990s, the term was not well defined and was used as a general description for all types of military rifles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Karwan (December 1999), "Military Guns Of The Century", Guns Magazine [dead link]
  2. ^ Tilstra, Russell C. (21 March 2014). The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II. McFarland. pp. 2–6. ISBN 978-1-4766-1564-6. 
  3. ^ Taylor, Chuck (1996). Fighting Rifle. Boulder, Colorado: Paladin Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-87364-297-2. 
  4. ^ Zabecki, David T. (28 October 2014). Germany at War: 400 Years of Military History [4 volumes]: 400 Years of Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 644. ISBN 978-1-59884-981-3. Since World War II, Battle Rifle is the term given to standard infantry weapons that fire full-sized rifle cartridges in either semiautomatic or automatic mode.