Brazilian identity card
|Carteira de Identidade|
Specimen of the identity card issued in Espírito Santo
|Valid in||Mercosul member states|
|Type of document||Identity card|
|Purpose||Proof of identity|
|Eligibility requirements||Brazilian citizen|
|Cost||First copy: free
Second copy: R$ 37,61
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The cédula de identidade, informally called cartão/carteira de identidade (identity card), "RG" (from Registro Geral, General Registry) or simply identidade in Portuguese, is the official national identity document in Brazil. It contains the name, birth date, parents' names, signature and thumbprint of the bearer. Other national documents can legally be used as an identity card, such as state-issued driver's licenses, passports or, for minors, birth certificates. Brazilian identity cards can be used as a travel document to enter Mercosul.
Each card has a unique number, the RG number. The card may also have the bearer's CPF number printed alongside the RG number.
Having and carrying an RG card is not compulsory under federal, state or municipal law, but it is common for all citizens who are of legal age — 18 years old — to have one, as it is extensively used for identification. Minors may also obtain one, but if the individual is under 16 at the time they apply, it will expire on their 18th birthday, making it necessary to apply for another one.
Identity cards are issued by state governments and are valid nationwide. There is no legal restriction on having more than one identity card, provided that each one is issued by a different state.
The documents required for obtaining an identity card depend on whether the applicant is single, married or naturalized. For single persons, a birth certificate (the original or a certified copy) is used; for those who are married, the marriage certificate is used. As for naturalized persons, a naturalization certificate is used. If the applicant so desires, their CPF number can be printed on the card alongside the RG number.
An identity card is commonly required for such activities as getting a driver's licence, opening a bank account, buying or selling real estate, financing debts, applying for a job, giving testimony in court, and entering some public buildings. The police may ask to see the identity card of anyone who is detained, arrested, or searched.
There is no penalty for not carrying an identity card or other valid identification document, but the police are entitled to escort a person found without one to a police station for a search of electronic police records and a criminal background check.
Substitute identity documents
Several other documents are acceptable in lieu of the identity card, including, but not limited to, a state-issued driver's licence, a passport, a professional identity card issued by a trade union, a military identity card, and a civil servant identity card or worker's registry.
All documents accepted in lieu of a state-issued identity card bear a reference to the RG number of the state that issued the identity card. Thus, in order to have a passport, a professional ID, a driver's licence or any other kind of "substitute" ID issued, first a standard state-issued ID is required; only once an individual is registered with an RG can a substitute document be used, although an individual may be registered in any state.
Non-citizens (foreign nationals)
Since 1938, foreigners living in Brazil can apply for identity cards through the National Foreign Registry (Registro Nacional de Estrangeiros). These special IDs are salmon and are issued solely by the Federal Police.
Since Decree No. 70.391 in 1972, naturalized Portuguese citizens benefiting from equal citizenship status are eligible to be issued regular Brazilian identity cards. They enjoy a reciprocal special regimen in recognition of Brazil and Portugal's special relationship. The bear the writing Nacionalidade portuguesa - Decreto nº 70.391/72, meaning "Portuguese nationality - Decree No. 70.391/72".
There is a national standard form of the card, but each issuing state may introduce minor adjustments, usually concerning the numbering scheme, font, and the respective seal[disambiguation needed]. The card has a green background, and measures 102×68 mm. As of 2017, cards are no longer laminated, and laminating newer-generation cards is forbidden, as they have machine-readable information printed on the inside. Bearers may protect their IDs by storing it in a small plastic cover issued with the card.
- Registration number (can have verification digits or letters) and each state can design its own system
- Issue date
- Full name of the bearer
- Parents' names (the father above, the mother below)
- Birthplace (location, state OR country)
- Birth date
- Base document:
- CN: Birth Certificate (Certidão de Nascimento)
- CC: Marriage Certificate (Certidão de Casamento)
- Portaria Ministerial MJ XXXX/XX (Ministerial Order - Ministry of Justice no. of Decree/Year of naturalization)
- CPF number
- State coat of arms and seal
- Full name of issuing state
- Name of issuing state agency
- A 3x4cm photograph of the bearer
- Signature or an observation waiving it (for illiterate persons)
Federal Law 9,454/1997 called for the merging of the state-level registration systems into a unified registry. This will likely require merging the RG numbers with the new RIC (Registro de Identidade Civil, English: "Civilian Identity Registry") numbering system.
The Federal Police has proposed a new ID card with a standard design to go with the changes. The new card has security features to deter counterfeiting; the introduction of an embedded NFC chip is also being considered.
- CPF number
- Brazilian nationality law
- Brazilian passport
- Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens
- Visa policy of Brazil
- Andean passport
- "Mercosur will not ask their South American members passport". Mendoza Travel. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
- "Official decree (in Portuguese)". Retrieved 2007-11-26.
- "Registro Único Identidade Civil".
- "Deputados aprovam projeto para criação de documento único". O Globo (in Portuguese). 2017-02-21. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
- "Temer sanciona Lei da Identificação Civil Nacional". Casa Civil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017-06-09.