Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens

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A Brazilian passport

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Brazil. As of 22 May 2018, Brazilian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 170 countries and territories, ranking the Brazilian passport 15th in terms of travel freedom, tied with the Argentine passport, according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens
  Brazil
  Passport not required. Travel with a Brazilian identity card
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Just a Brazilian identity card is valid for travel to most South American countries.

The Mercosur member states of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, together with most other South American countries (as shown below) do not even require a Brazilian passport; a national or state-issued Brazilian identity card is enough for entry into all UNASUR member states (with the exception of Guyana and Suriname).

Nevertheless, the identity card must be in good condition, must not have expired, and the holder must be clearly recognizable in the photograph.

Brazilians within Mercosur have unlimited access to any of the full members (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay) and associated members (Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of these nine countries (including Brazil) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc [2]. Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[3][4]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[5]
 Albania Visa not required[6] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[7]
 Andorra Visa not required[8]
 Angola eVisa[9][10] 30 days
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[14] 6 months[15]
 Argentina Visa not required[16] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Argentina under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Armenia Visa not required[17] 180 days
 Australia Visa required[18]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[19]
 Austria Visa not required[20] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[22] 30 days[23]
 Bahamas Visa not required[24] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[25] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[26]
 Bangladesh Visa required[27]
 Barbados Visa not required[28] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[29] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Belgium Visa not required[30] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Belize Visa not required[31] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[32][33] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[34]
 Bolivia Visa not required[35] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Bolivia under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[36] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6 month period
 Botswana Visa not required[37] 90 days
 Brunei Visa required[38]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[39] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[40] 1 month
 Burundi Visa required[41]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[42] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[43]
 Cameroon Visa required[44]
 Canada Visa required[45]
  • Brazilian citizens who have held a Canadian visa in the last 10 years or who hold a valid United States non-immigrant visa can enter Canada solely with an eTA when arriving by air.[46][47]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[48]
 Central African Republic Visa required[49]
 Chad Visa required[50]
 Chile Visa not required[51] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Chile under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 China Visa required[52]
 Colombia Visa not required[56] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Colombia under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[57] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[58]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[59]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[60] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[61] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[62] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[63]
 Cyprus Visa not required[64] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[65] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Denmark Visa not required[66] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Djibouti eVisa[67] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[68] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[69] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[70] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Ecuador under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Egypt Visa on arrival[71] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[72] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[73]
 Eritrea Visa required[74]
 Estonia Visa not required[75] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[76]
 Fiji Visa not required[77] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[78] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 France Visa not required[79] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[80]
 Gambia Visa not required[82]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[83]
 Georgia Visa not required[84] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[85] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Ghana Visa required[86]
 Greece Visa not required[87] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Grenada Visa not required[88] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[89] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[90]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[91] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[92] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[94] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[95] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[96] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Iceland Visa not required[97] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 India e-Visa[98] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 25 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][99]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[100] 30 days[101]
 Iran Visa on arrival[102] 30 days[103]
 Iraq Visa required[104]
 Ireland Visa not required[105] 90 days
 Israel Visa not required[106] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[107] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Jamaica Visa not required[108] 6 months
  • 90 days (business), 6 months (tourist)
 Japan Visa required[109]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[110]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[112][113] 30 days
  • 30 days within any year period
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[114] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[115]
 North Korea Visa required[116]
 South Korea Visa not required[117] 90 days
 Kuwait Visa required[118]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[119] 1 month
 Laos Visa on arrival[120] 30 days
  • Conditions apply.
  • Available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[121]
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[122] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[123]
  • Brazilian immigrants, or Brazilian businessmen are granted a multiple entry visa on arrival valid for 90 days for tourism purposes only and is renewable once following the approval of the General Directorate of General Security. This visa however shall not exceed 90 days.[124]
 Lesotho eVisa[125][126]
 Liberia Visa required[127]
 Libya Visa required[128]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[129] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Lithuania Visa not required[130] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[131] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Macedonia Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[133] 30 days
  • Free of charge
 Malawi Visa on arrival[134] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[135] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[136] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[137]
 Malta Visa not required[138] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[139] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[140]
 Mauritius Visa not required[141] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[142] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[143] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[144] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[145]
 Mongolia Visa not required[146] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Montenegro Visa not required[147] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[148] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[149] 30 days[150]
 Myanmar eVisa[151] 28 days
 Namibia Visa not required[152] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[153]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[154] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[155] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 New Zealand Visa not required[156] 90 days
 Nicaragua Visa not required[157] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[158]
 Nigeria Visa required[159]
 Norway Visa not required[160] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Oman eVisa[161] 30 days
 Pakistan Visa required[162]
  • Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[163]
 Palau Visa on arrival[164] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[165] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa on arrival[166] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[167] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Paraguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Peru Visa not required[168] 183 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Peru under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Philippines Visa not required[169] 59 days
 Poland Visa not required[170] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Portugal Visa not required[171] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Qatar eVisa / Visa on arrival[172] 30 days
 Romania Visa not required[173] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Russia Visa not required[174] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[175] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[176] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[177] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[178] 90 days[179]
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[180] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[181]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[182] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[183]
 Senegal Visa not required[184] 3 months
 Serbia Visa not required[185] 90 days
 Seychelles Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days per 180-day period
 Sierra Leone Visa required[187]
 Singapore Visa not required[188] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[189] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Slovenia Visa not required[190] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[191] 3 months
 Somalia Visa on arrival[192] 30 days
 South Africa Visa not required[193] 90 days
 South Sudan Visa required[194]
 Spain Visa not required[195] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[196] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[197]
 Suriname Visa not required[198] 90 days
 Swaziland Visa not required[199] 30 days
 Sweden Visa not required[200] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
  Switzerland Visa not required[201] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[21]
 Syria Visa required[202]
 Tajikistan eVisa[203] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[204]
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[205]
 Thailand Visa not required[206] 3 months
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[207] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[208] 7 days
 Tonga Visa on arrival[209] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[210] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[211] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[212] 90 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[213]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[214] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[215]
 Ukraine Visa not required[217] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[218] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 12-month period.[219]
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa not required[220] 6 months
 United States Visa required[221]
 Uruguay Visa not required[222] 3 months
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Uruguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a Brazilian citizen for over 5 years and passing a background check.
 Uzbekistan Visa required[223]
  • 5-day visa free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[224]
 Vanuatu Visa not required[225] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[226]
 Venezuela Visa not required[227] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
 Vietnam Visa required[228]
 Yemen Visa required[231]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[232] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[233] 3 months
  • For tourism purposes only also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognised or partially recognised countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[234]
 Artsakh Visa not required[235] Travelers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[236]
 Kosovo Visa not required[237] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[238] 3 months
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[239][240]
 Palestine Visa not required[241] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[242]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[243][244]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[245][246] 3-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.
 Taiwan Visa required[247][248]
 Transnistria Visa not required[249] Registration required after 24h.[250][251]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[252] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[253] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required
 Greenland Visa not required
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[254]
 French Guiana Visa required[255] Brazilian citizens may enter without a visa only in the following cases: up to 15 days for trips organized by an approved travel agency; up to 3 days when in transit to France (including all territories) or Brazil; local residents of Oiapoque who are holders of a special card authorising cross-border travel (in which case they can visit Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock only visa-free for up to 72 hours); or members of the emergency services.
 French Polynesia Visa not required[256]
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa not required
Martinique
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Martin
 Mayotte Visa not required[257]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[258][259]
 Réunion Visa not required[260]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[261]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[262]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[263] 30 days, extendable to 180 days[264][265]
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa not required[266] 3 months[267]
 Sint Eustatius
 Saba
 Curaçao Visa not required[268]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[269][270]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[271] 31 days[272]
 Niue Visa not required[273] 30 days[274]
 Tokelau Permit required[275]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[276] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[277]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[278]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[279]
 Anguilla Visa not required[280][281] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[282] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[283]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[284] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[285] 6 months
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[286][287]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[288] Holders of a valid visa issued by the United Kingdom do not require a visa.
Visa not required if holding a Schengen multiple entry visa with a minimum remaining validity of 7 days or visiting on a day trip as part of an organised tour arranged through a Gibraltar-based tour operator.
 Montserrat Visa not required[289] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[290][291][292]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass on arrival Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[293]
 Ascension Island Entry Permit required Entry Permit must be obtained minimum 28 days in advance (3 months for 20/30 pounds sterling, single/double entry).[294]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[295]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[296][297]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[298] 90 days[299]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[300]
 Guam Visa required[301]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[302]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[303]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[304]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[305][306][307][308][309][310][311][312][313][314][315][316]

Other territories[edit]

Visas for Cambodia, Myanmar, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Turkey are obtainable online.[353][354][355][356][357][358][359][360]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Passport validity length[edit]

Many countries require passports to be valid for at least 6 months upon arrival.[361] However, some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[362][363] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[364]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid at least 6 months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq (except when arriving at Basra and Erbil or Sulaimaniyah), Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.[dead link]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include European Union countries (except Denmark, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom), and always excepting EU/EEA/Swiss nationals); Albania; Belarus; Georgia; Honduras; Iceland; Jordan; Kuwait, Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Moldova; Monaco; Nauru; Panama, Saint Barthélemy; San Marino; Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month on arrival include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Macao, New Zealand and South Africa.[dead link]

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[365] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has recently visited one.[366]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[367] Lebanon,[368] Libya,[369] Saudi Arabia,[370] Sudan,[371] Syria[372] and Yemen[373] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [374] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[375][376] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[377] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these occupied territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[378] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[379] As of late 2017 the list contains 699 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries (for example, Canada and the United States[380]) routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity. Attempts to enter the Gaza strip by sea may attract a 10-year ban on entering Israel.[381]

Fingerprinting[edit]

Iris recognition biometric systems apply mathematical pattern-recognition techniques to images of the irises of an individual's eyes.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[382]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[383][384] Argentina,[385] Brunei, Cambodia,[386] China when entering through Shenzhen airport,[387] Ethiopia,[388] Ghana, India, Japan,[389][390] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[391] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[392] Singapore, South Korea,[393] Taiwan[394] and the United States.[395]

Additionally, the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors that need to apply for a visa.[396][397]


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)