Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens

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A Brazilian Passport (this cover is applied since April 11TH 2019).[1]

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Brazil. As of 03 August 2022, Brazilian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 169 countries and territories, ranking the Brazilian Passport 20th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passport of Argentina), according to the Henley Passport Index.[2]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens
  Brazil
  Passport not required. Travel with a Brazilian identity card
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

A Brazilian Identity Card issued by Identification Institutes from Federative Units with less than ten years from date of issue and as long as it corresponds to the bearer's biometric status is considered valid as a travel document for almost all South American countries.

The Mercosur member states of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, together with most other South American countries (as shown below) do not even require a Brazilian passport; a national or state-issued Brazilian identity card is enough for entry into all Mercosur member and associate states (with the exception of Guyana and Suriname).

Nevertheless, the identity card must be in good condition, must not have expired, and the holder must be clearly recognizable in the photograph.

Brazilians within Mercosur have unlimited access to any of the full members (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay) and associated members (Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality. Citizens of these nine countries (including Brazil) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc.[3] Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[4][5]

Brazilians may request lawful permanent resident status in Argentina and Uruguay at any time. No prior temporary resident status needed.[6][7]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[8]
 Albania Visa not required[9] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[10]
 Andorra Visa not required[11]
 Angola eVisa[12][13] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested a pre-visa from an Angolan consulate abroad are issued a visa upon arrival at the country's border crossings.
  • Maximum total stay of 90 days within a one-year period.[14]
  • Visitors must have a return/onward ticket and a hotel reservation confirmation.[15]
X
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[16] 6 months[17]
 Argentina Visa not required[6][18] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Argentina under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
  • Brazilians may request lawful permanent resident status in Argentina at any time.[6]
 Armenia Visa not required[19] 180 days
 Australia Visa required[20]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[21]
X
 Austria Visa not required[22] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[24] 30 days[25] X
 Bahamas Visa not required[26] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[27] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[28]
X
 Bangladesh Visa required[29]
 Barbados Visa not required[30] 6 months
 Belarus Visa not required[31] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period
 Belgium Visa not required[32] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Belize Visa not required[33] 90 days
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[34][35] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
X
 Bhutan Visa required[36]
 Bolivia Visa not required[37] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Bolivia under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[38] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[39] 90 days X
 Brunei Visa required[40]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[41] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[42] 1 month X
 Burundi Visa required[43]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[44] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[45]
X
 Cameroon Visa required[46]
 Canada Visa required[47]
  • Brazilian citizens who have held a Canadian visa in the last 10 years or who hold a valid United States non-immigrant visa can enter Canada solely with an eTA when arriving by air.[48][49]
X
 Cape Verde Visa not required[50] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[51]
X
 Central African Republic Visa required[52]
 Chad Visa required[53]
 Chile Visa not required[54] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Chile under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 China Visa required[55]
 Colombia Visa not required[58] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Colombia under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Comoros Visa on arrival[59] 45 days X
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[60]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[61]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[62] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[63] 3 months X
 Croatia Visa not required[64] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Cuba Tourist Card required[65]
 Cyprus Visa not required[66] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[67] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Denmark Visa not required[68] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Djibouti eVisa[69] 31 days X
 Dominica Visa not required[70] 3 months
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[71] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[72] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Ecuador under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Egypt Visa on arrival[73] 30 days X
 El Salvador Visa not required[74] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[75]
 Eritrea Visa required[76]
 Estonia Visa not required[77] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Eswatini Visa not required[78] 30 days X
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[79] up to 90 days X
 Fiji Visa not required[82] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[83] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 France Visa not required[84] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
  • Visa usually required for French Guiana, but some exemptions apply (see French Guiana entry below)[85]
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[86] X
 Gambia Visa not required[88]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[89]
X
 Georgia Visa not required[90] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[91] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Ghana Visa required[92]
 Greece Visa not required[93] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Grenada Visa not required[94] 3 months
  • Beginning on December 1, 2020, all travellers to Grenada will be required to complete an online application in order to receive a Pure Safe Travel Authorization Certificate to enter Grenada.[95]
 Guatemala Visa not required[96] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[97] 90 days X
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[98] 90 days X
 Guyana Visa not required[99] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[101] 3 months X
 Honduras Visa not required[102] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required[103] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Iceland Visa not required[104] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 India e-Visa[105] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][106]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
X
 Indonesia Visa not required[107] 30 days[108]
 Iran eVisa / Visa on arrival 30 days[109] X
 Iraq Visa required[110]
 Ireland Visa not required[111] 90 days
 Israel Visa not required[112] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required[113] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Jamaica Visa not required[114] 6 months
  • 90 days (business), 6 months (tourist)
 Japan Visa required[115] X
 Jordan Visa on arrival[116] X
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[118][119] 30 days
  • 30 days within any year period
 Kenya e-Visa[120] 3 months X
 Kiribati Visa required[121]
 North Korea Visa required[122]
 South Korea K-ETA[123] 90 days
 Kuwait Visa required[124]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[125] 60 days X
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[126] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane international airports, the 4 Thai-Lao Friendship Bridges,[Note 3] 13 border crossings,[Note 4] and Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane.[127] Visa on arrival facilities will be gradually phased out starting in January 2020.[128]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • The Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou border crossings are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
X
 Latvia Visa not required[129] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[130]
  • Brazilian immigrants, or Brazilian businessmen are granted a multiple entry visa on arrival valid for 90 days for tourism purposes only and is renewable once following the approval of the General Directorate of General Security. This visa however shall not exceed 90 days.[131]
X
 Lesotho eVisa[132][133] X
 Liberia Visa required[134]
 Libya Visa required[135]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[136] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Lithuania Visa not required[137] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Luxembourg Visa not required[138] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[139] 90 days X
 Malawi Visa on arrival[140] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
X
 Malaysia Visa not required[141] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[142] 30 days X
 Mali Visa required[143]
 Malta Visa not required[144] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[145] 90 days X
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[146] X
 Mauritius Visa not required[147] 90 days X
 Mexico Visa required[148]
  • Visa not required for holders of valid visa or permanent residence issued by the U.S., Canada, Japan, United Kingdom, Colombia, Peru, Chile, or Schengen area.[149]
 Micronesia Visa not required[150] 30 days X
 Moldova Visa not required[151] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
X
 Monaco Visa not required[152]
 Mongolia Visa not required[153] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Montenegro Visa not required[154] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[155] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[156] 30 days[157] X
 Myanmar eVisa[158] 28 days X
 Namibia Visa not required[159] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[160]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[161] 90 days X
 Netherlands Visa not required[162] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[163] 3 months
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be paid upon requesting an Electronic Travel Authority.[164]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[165] Such travellers are not required to pay the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy.[164]
X
 Nicaragua Visa not required[166] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[167]
 Nigeria Visa required[168]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[169] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[170] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Oman Visa not required[171] 14 days X
 Pakistan Online Visa[172]
  • Online Visa eligible.[173]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[174]
X
 Palau Visa on arrival[175] 30 days X
 Panama Visa not required[176] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[177] 60 days X
 Paraguay Visa not required[178] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Paraguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Peru Visa not required[179] 183 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Peru under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
 Philippines Visa not required[180] 59 days
 Poland Visa not required[181] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Portugal Visa not required[182] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Qatar Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required[184] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period
 Russia Visa not required[185] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[186] 30 days X
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[187] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[188] 6 weeks X
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[189] 90 days[190]
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[191] 60 days X
 San Marino Visa not required[192]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[193] 15 days X
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[193]
 Senegal Visa not required[194] 90 days X
 Serbia Visa not required[195] 90 days
 Seychelles Visa not required[196] 90 days
  • 90 days per 180-day period
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[197] X
 Singapore Visa not required[198] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[199] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Slovenia Visa not required[200] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Solomon Islands Visitor's permit on arrival[201] 3 months X
 Somalia Visa on arrival[202] 30 days X
 South Africa Visa not required[203] 90 days
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[204]
  • Obtainable online[205]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[205]
X
 Spain Visa not required[206] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[207] 30 days X
 Sudan Visa required[208]
 Suriname Visa not required[209] 90 days
 Sweden Visa not required[210] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
  Switzerland Visa not required[211] 3 months
  • 3 months during a 6 months period following the date of first entry in the Schengen Area[23]
 Syria Visa required[212]
 Tajikistan eVisa[213] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[214]
X
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[215][216] 3 months X
 Thailand Visa not required[217] 3 months
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[218] 30 days X
 Togo Visa on arrival[219] 7 days X
 Tonga Visa on arrival[220] 31 days X
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[221] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa not required[222] 3 months
 Turkey Visa not required[223] 90 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[224]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[225] 1 month X
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[226] X
 Ukraine Visa not required[228] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[229] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 12-month period.[230]
 United Kingdom and Crown dependencies Visa not required[231] 6 months
 United States Visa required[232]
  • Tourist visas are issued with validity of up to 10 years.
X
 Uruguay Visa not required[7][233] 3 months
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
  • Brazilians can live and work legally in Uruguay under the Mercosur (and Associated Countries) immigration agreement with no requirement other than being a citizen at birth or a naturalized citizen for over 5 years, and passing a background check.
  • Brazilians may request lawful permanent resident status in Uruguay at any time.[7]
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[234] 30 days X
 Vanuatu Visa not required[235] 30 days X
  Vatican City Visa not required[236]
 Venezuela Visa not required[237] 90 days
  • Entry is allowed with a valid ID card that is less than 10 years old.
 Vietnam eVisa[238] 30 days X
 Yemen Visa required[239]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[240] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
X
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[241] 3 months
  • For tourism purposes only also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.
X

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognised or partially recognised countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[242]
 Artsakh Visa on arrival[243] Travelers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[244]
 Kosovo Visa not required[245] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[246] 3 months
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[247]
 Palestine Visa not required[248] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[249]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[250][251]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[252][253] 3-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.
 Taiwan Visa required[254][255]
 Transnistria Visa not required[256] Registration required after 24h.[257][258]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[259] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[260] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required
 Greenland Visa not required
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[261]
 French Guiana Visa required[262] Brazilian citizens may enter French Guiana without a visa in the following cases:
  • up to 15 days for trips organized by an approved travel agency in French Guiana;[85]
  • up to 3 days when in transit to France (including other French territories) or to Brazil;[85]
  • local residents of Oiapoque who are holders of a special card authorising cross-border travel (in which case they can visit only the town of Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock for up to 72 hours);
  • members of emergency services.
 French Polynesia Visa not required[263]
 Guadeloupe Visa not required
 Martinique Visa not required
 Saint Barthélemy Visa not required
 Saint Martin Visa not required
 Mayotte Visa not required[264]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[265][266]
 Réunion Visa not required[267]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[268]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[269]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[270] 30 days, extendable to 180 days[270][271]
 Bonaire Visa not required[272] 3 months[273]
 Sint Eustatius Visa not required 3 months
 Saba Visa not required 3 months
 Curaçao Visa not required[274]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[275][276]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[277] 31 days[278]
 Niue Visa not required[279] 30 days[280]
 Tokelau Permit required[281]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[282] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[283]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[284]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[285]
 Anguilla Visa not required[286][287] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[288] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[289]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[290] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[291] 6 months
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[292][293]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[294]
 Montserrat Visa not required[295] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[296][297][298]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass on arrival Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[299]
 Ascension Island eVisa[300][301]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[302]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[303][304]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[305] 90 days[306]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[307]
 Guam Visa required[308]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[309]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[310]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[311]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323]

Other territories[edit]

Visas for Cambodia, Myanmar, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Turkey are obtainable online.[359][360][361][362][363][364][365][366]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]


Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[367] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[368] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[369]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[370][371]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[372]

Passport validity length[edit]

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card - especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[373][374] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[375]

Some countries, such as Japan,[376] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[377] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[378] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[379] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[380] Philippines,[381] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[382]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[383] and South Africa.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[384] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[385]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[386] Lebanon,[387] Libya,[388] Syria,[389] and Yemen[390] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to the state of war between Armenia and Azerbaijan in 2020,[391][392][393] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[394][395][396]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[396] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[397] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[398] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[399]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[400][401] Argentina,[402] Brunei, Cambodia,[403] China,[404] Ethiopia,[405] Ghana, Guinea,[406] India, Japan,[407][408] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[409] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[410] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[411] Singapore, South Korea,[412] Taiwan, Thailand,[413] Uganda,[414] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[415][416][417] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[418]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[419] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[420][421] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[422] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[423][424]


See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)