Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Brazilian Passport
A Brazilian Identity Card issued by Identification Institutes from Federative Units with less than ten years from date of issue and as long as it corresponds to the bearer's biometric status is considered valid as a travel document for almost all South American countries.

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Brazil.

As of 2024, Brazilian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 173 countries and territories, ranking the Brazilian passport 18th in the world according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens holding ordinary passports
  Brazil
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

The Mercosur member states of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, together with most other South American countries (as shown below) do not even require a Brazilian passport; a national or state-issued Brazilian identity card is enough for entry into all Mercosur member and associate states (with the exception of Guyana and Suriname).

Nevertheless, the identity card must be in good condition, must not have expired, and the holder must be clearly recognizable in the photograph.

Brazilians within Mercosur have unlimited access to any of the full members (Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay) and associated members (Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador) with the right to residence and work, with no requirement other than nationality.

Citizens of these nine countries (including Brazil) may apply for the grant of "temporary residence" for up to two years in another country of the bloc.[2] Then, they may apply for "permanent residence" just before the term of their "temporary residence" expires.[3][4]

Brazilians may request lawful permanent resident status in Argentina and Uruguay at any time. No prior temporary resident status is needed.[5][6]

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories[edit]

Unrecognised or partially recognised countries[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[270]
 Kosovo Visa not required[271] 90 days
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[272] 3 months
 Palestine Visa not required[273] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[274]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[275][276]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[277][278] 3-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.
 Taiwan Visa required[279][280]
 Transnistria Visa not required[281] Registration required after 24h.[282][283]

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[284] 90 days
 Macau Visa not required[285] 90 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required
 Greenland Visa not required
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[286]
 French Guiana Visa required[287] Brazilian citizens may enter French Guiana without a visa in the following cases:
  • up to 15 days for trips organized by an approved travel agency in French Guiana;[88]
  • up to 3 days when in transit to France (including other French territories) or to Brazil;[88]
  • local residents of Oiapoque who are holders of a special card authorising cross-border travel (in which case they can visit only the town of Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock for up to 72 hours);
  • members of emergency services.
 French Polynesia Visa not required[288]
 Guadeloupe Visa not required
 Martinique Visa not required
 Saint Barthélemy Visa not required
 Saint Martin Visa not required
 Mayotte Visa not required[289]
 New Caledonia Visa not required[290][291]
 Réunion Visa not required[292]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[293]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[294]
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[295] 30 days, extendable to 180 days[295][296]
 Bonaire Visa not required[297] 3 months[298]
 Sint Eustatius Visa not required 3 months
 Saba Visa not required 3 months
 Curaçao Visa not required[299]
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[300][301]
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[302] 31 days[303]
 Niue Visa not required[304] 30 days[305]
 Tokelau Permit required[306]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[307] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[308]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[309]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa not required[310]
 Anguilla Visa not required[311][312] 3 months
 Bermuda Visa not required[313] Up to 6 months, decided on arrival.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required[314]
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required[315] 30 days, extensions possible
 Cayman Islands Visa not required[316] 6 months
 Falkland Islands Visa not required[317] A visitor permit is normally issued as a stamp in the passport on arrival, The maximum validity period is 1 month.[318]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[319]
 Montserrat Visa not required[320] 6 months
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[321][322][323]
 Saint Helena Visitor's Pass on arrival Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[324]
 Ascension Island eVisa[325][326] 3 months within any year period.
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[327]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[328][329]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[330] 90 days[331]
United States
 American Samoa Entry permit required[332]
 Guam Visa required[333]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[334]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[335]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[336]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[337][338][339][340][341][342][343][344][345][346][347][348]

Other territories[edit]

Visas for Cambodia, Myanmar, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Turkey are obtainable online.[385][386][387][388][389][390][391][392]

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[393] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being valid or available.

Vaccination[edit]

Cover of the new International Certificate of Vaccination issued by the Bureau of Quarantine in the Philippines since 2021

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[394] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[395]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[396][397]

Passport validity length[edit]

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a valid passport on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card – especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[398][399] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[400]

Some countries, such as Japan,[401] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[402] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[403] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[404] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru,[405] Philippines,[406] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[407]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Honduras, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[408] and South Africa.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[409] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata[edit]

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[410]

For example, Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens that have previously entered Azerbaijan through non-Azerbaijani controlled borders. This includes the illegal entry into the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[411] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding Armenian-occupied territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[412] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[413] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[414] Lebanon,[415] Libya,[416] Syria,[417] and Yemen[418] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Biometrics[edit]

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to change planes rather than go landside.[419]

Fingerprinting countries/regions include Afghanistan,[420][421] Argentina,[422] Brunei, Cambodia,[423] China,[424] Ethiopia,[425] Ghana, Guinea,[426] India, Japan,[427][428] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[429] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[430] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[431] Singapore, South Korea,[432] Taiwan, Thailand,[433] Uganda,[434] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[435][436][437] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[438]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[439] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[440][441] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[442] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[443][444]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

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  442. ^ Roberts, Jeff John (12 September 2016). "Homeland Security Plans to Expand Fingerprint and Eye Scanning at Borders". Fortune. Fortune Media IP Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Unlike with documents, it's very hard for a traveler to present a forged copy of a fingerprint or iris. That's why the U.S. Department of Homeland Security plans to vastly expand the amount of biometric data it collects at the borders. According to Passcode, a new program will ramp up a process to scan fingers and eyes in order to stop people entering and exiting the country on someone else's passport.
  443. ^ "Singapore tests eye scans at immigration checkpoints". Reuters. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2019. Singapore has started scanning travellers' eyes at some of its border checkpoints, its immigration authority said on Monday, in a trial of expensive technology that could one day replace fingerprint verification.
  444. ^ Lee, Vivien (6 August 2018). "5 Reasons We Prefer Iris Scans To Fingerprint Checks At Our Borders In Singapore". Retrieved 24 April 2019. The iris technology could potentially scan irises covertly, as opposed to the scanning of thumbprints which necessitates active participation.
Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Lantui - Baka (China)
    • Meuang mom - Wan Pong (Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng Dry Port - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Pakxan - Bungkan (Thailand)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Phoudou (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)
    • Lalai (Vietnam)
    • Pangmone - Phayao (Thailand)
    • Daktaock - Nam Giang (Vietnam)
    • Savannakhet Airport
  4. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Bokeo
  5. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammouane
    • Bokeo
  6. ^
    • Samliemkham (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Tanalaeng - Nongkai (Thailand)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)