November 1, 1962 |
|Residence||Tamalpais Valley, California|
|Alma mater||California Institute of the Arts|
|Occupation||Animator, director, storyboard artist|
|Notable work||Beauty and the Beast
The Lion King
The Little Mermaid
The Prince of Egypt
|Children||Emma Rose Lima|
Brenda Chapman (born November 1, 1962) is an American writer, animation story artist and director. In 1998, she became the first woman to direct an animated feature from a major studio, DreamWorks Animation's The Prince of Egypt. She co-directed the Disney·Pixar film Brave, becoming the first woman to win the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.
Life and career
Chapman was born in Beason, Illinois as the youngest of five. She studied animation at the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts). During her summer breaks, she began her professional career working in syndicated television animation. After graduating with a BFA in character animation, she was a story trainee on the Disney animated film The Little Mermaid. She was one of several key story artists on Disney's Beauty and the Beast, where she worked closely with future Disney director Roger Allers to define many of the key sequences and motifs used in the film. She later served as head of story, the first woman to do so in an animated feature film, for Disney's animated classic The Lion King.
Chapman also worked in story and development for other Disney animated films such as The Rescuers Down Under, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, and Fantasia 2000. She joined DreamWorks Animation at its inception in the fall of 1994.
Chapman was one of a team of three directors who worked on 1998's The Prince of Egypt, along with Steve Hickner and Simon Wells. She became the first woman to land a directing role in an animated feature by a major studio; three others had helmed independent efforts before her (Lotte Reiniger of The Adventures of Prince Achmed, Joy Batchelor of Animal Farm, and Arna Selznick of The Care Bears Movie).
She also worked on Chicken Run, and several projects in development while at DreamWorks.
Chapman moved to Pixar in 2003, where she had a brief stint on Cars before beginning development on and directing Brave. Chapman conceived the project and was announced as the director of the film, making her Pixar's first female director. In October 2010, however, she was replaced by Mark Andrews following creative disagreements. There were rumors that she subsequently left Pixar, but she remained on staff until shortly after the release of Brave, and started work as a consultant at Lucasfilm at the end of July 2012, where she helped solve story problems of Strange Magic. When asked whether she will return to Pixar, Chapman responded: "That door is closed. I made the right decision to leave and firmly closed that door. I have no desire to go back there. The atmosphere and the leadership doesn't fit well with me." She has stated a sequel to Brave is inevitable.
In 2013, she returned to her old employer, DreamWorks Animation, where she helped in developing Rumblewick that had a strong female protagonist and was described as "funny with magic and heart." As of 2016, she is developing projects for Chapman Lima Productions, with her husband Kevin Lima.
Chapman is married to director Kevin Lima (A Goofy Movie, Tarzan, Enchanted), who she met at California Institute of the Arts. They have a daughter, Emma Rose Lima, who was the inspiration for Mérida, Brave's young princess. In April 2014 Chapman, who has never lived in Scotland but does claim Scottish ancestry, urged Scots to back Independence in the referendum vote in September 2014.
|1988||Who Framed Roger Rabbit||in between artist: additional animation|
|1989||The Little Mermaid||story artist|
|1990||The Rescuers Down Under||story artist|
|1991||Beauty and the Beast||story|
|1994||The Lion King||head of story|
|1996||The Hunchback of Notre Dame||story|
|1998||The Prince of Egypt||director
with Steve Hickner and Simon Wells
|2000||The Road to El Dorado||additional story artist|
|Chicken Run||additional story artist|
with Mark Andrews
|2015||Strange Magic||consultant, voice of Imp|
- Welte, Jim (March 12, 2013). "Tam Valley's Brenda Chapman Basks in Post-Oscar Glory". Mill Valley Patch. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Chapman, Brenda (November 1, 2013). "This is amazing!RT @amightygirl: Remembering: Soviet "Night Witch" pilots flew cropduster planes vs. Nazi invaders". Twitter. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
- Chapman, Brenda (November 1, 2012). "Thanks for the kind birthday wishes!". Twitter. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (May 25, 2011). "When the glass ceiling crashed on Brenda Chapman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Mallory, Michael (March 19, 2000). "Move Over, Old Men; Disney's fabled favorite artists weren't alone in the male-ruled animation world. Now women are in key jobs, and they aim to stay.". Los Angeles Times. p. CALENDAR 8. Retrieved May 14, 2010. (registration required (. ))
- Laura (October 20, 2011). "Brenda Chapman". Animation Insider. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
- Poluan, Illona (November 30, 2012). "Interview with Brenda Chapman: storyteller, animator and director". 99 Designs. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Reader Press. p. 48. ISBN 1-55652-591-5.
- Powers, Lindsay (October 14, 2010). "Pixar announces first female director". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Sperling, Nicole (May 25, 2011). "When the glass ceiling crashed on Brenda Chapman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Griffin, Andy. "Interview Part II: Brave". Pixar Portal. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Griffin, Andy. "Brenda Chapman Leaves Pixar for Lucasfilm". Pixar Portal. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Schavemaker, Peter (June 11, 2013). "An Interview From Abroad with Brenda Chapman". Animation Magazine. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- Miller, Phil (17 April 2014). "Brave creator urges Scots to back Yes". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- McIver, Brian (December 9, 2012). "Director behind Brave reveals her agony at getting kicked off film". Daily Record. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Brenda Chapman (September 26, 2016). Life After Pixar: An Interview with Brenda Chapman. Interview with Ian Failes. Cartoon Brew. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- "Story and Technology". Siggraph. June 19, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Moody, Annemarie (April 9, 2008). "Disney Taps Deep Into DNA In Unveiling Animation Slate". Animation World Network. Retrieved November 23, 2013.
- "Surprise! George Lucas Wrote A Disney Animated Movie Called 'Strange Magic' & It Comes Out January 2015". Indiewire. November 11, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Harris, Jeffrey (January 23, 2015). "Strange Magic Review". 411MANIA. Retrieved January 25, 2014.