Cangnan County (Chinese: 苍南县; pinyin: cāngnán xiàn Pronunciation of "Cangnan" (help·info))) is a county in the prefecture-level city of Wenzhou in southern Zhejiang. The county government is in Lingxi. Cangnan has 20 towns, 14 townships, and 2 nationality townships. The predominant Chinese dialect spoken in Cangnan is Zhenan Min, but other dialects, such as Wenzhou dialect and Jinxiang dialect, are also spoken.
Founded in 1981, Cangnan County is the south gate of Zhejiang Province, the major birthplace of the “Wenzhou Pattern” as well as an open door to the outside world authorised by the State Council. Its total land area is 1,261 square kilometres and its sea area is 3,783 square kilometres. Governing 10 towns, two minority towns and with a registered population of 1.3 million people, it is the most populous county in Zhejiang. In 2014, the county realised a GDP of US$6.3bn and total fiscal revenue of US$658m.
Many great people come from Cangnan. People in Cangnan are diligent and intelligent, good managers and always innovative. The annual outputs of the packaging-printing and plastic-plating industries are 15 per cent and 20 per cent of national outputs respectively. The annual sales volume of the gift industry is about 10 per cent of China’s sales volume, and the area has acquired 14 golden “Guo Zihao” business cards such as “China Printing City”.
Nowadays, Cangnan is implementing the development strategy of “double-sea, double-district”. The construction of the Zhejiang-Taiwan (Cangnan) Economic and Trade Co-operation Zone focuses on: the construction of core platforms, advancing deep industrial connections, promoting comprehensive co-operation and exchange, pushing forward institutional innovation and accelerating the formation of the pattern of “three-cores, three-passageways”. Cangnan is actively engaging in constructing a vigorous ecological, industrial and trading coastal city.
- 1 Administration divisions
- 2 Population
- 3 Economy
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Education
- 6 Tourism
- 7 History
- 8 References
Cangnan is part of the greater Municipal region of Wenzhou, It comprises 10 towns and 2 Ethnic towns, which covers 1,261.08 square kilometres, 28 square kilometres of which are urban area of 1,184,600 people (2010 estimate).
The sixth national census in 2010 concluded that Cangnan County has a resident population of 1,184,600 people as compared to the result of 1,167,600 people that was calculated by the fifth national census on November 1, 2000. A total population increase of 17,000 people with an increase rate of 1.46% was reached during the period of 2000 to 2010 with an average annual growth rate of 0.15%.
The overall industrial economy of Cangnan County maintained a smooth operation in 2013. The annual total industrial output value of 67,976,000,000 RMB was achieved in 2013, of which more than 24,938,000,000 RMB of industrial output value was reached. This was following by the completion of a planned industrial investment of 7,741,000,000 RMB. As the traditional-manufacturing industry has not yet fully regained its vitality in 2013 after it experienced its declining, a new force of 37 high-tech enterprises suddenly rose in Cangnan County, which gave Cangnan County a strong boost in its development of industrial economy in 2013. As the result, the annual total industrial output value of 3,751,000,000 RMB with an increase rate 0f 26.55% were achieved by the year of 2013. As compared to the year of 2012, there were six more companies were found in 2013. Cangnan County had one company achieved an industrial output value over 500,000 RMB, two companies over 300,000 RMB, and four companies over their first billion RMB.
County New Area
The County New Area is located in the east of Lingxi New Area, close to the 104 National Highway, the entrance of the Ningbo-Taizhou- Wenzhou Expressway and Cangnan Railway Station. It is the main area of urbanisation in the county, planned to be about 6.56 square kilometres. The infrastructure of the new area has recently been greatly improved. Based on the planning pattern of “one centre, two shafts and two blocks”, the new area is being constructed with administration, trade, finance, culture, sports and living areas all integrated as a whole. Project proposals for investment include a County New Area complex, five-star hotel and economic headquarters building in the near future.
Cangnan Industrial Park
Cangnan Industrial Park is a provincial-level development zone authorised by the Zhejiang Provincial People’s Government in March 2006. It is also the plot of provincial-level co-operation granted by that same government. It is located between the entrances of Hushan and Xiaojiang on the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Expressway, with the 104 National Highway passing through it. The regulated planning area is 12.5 square kilometres and the reserved expansion space is 30 square kilometres. In recent years, 55 enterprises have been brought in, with a total investment of US$814.4m, and are now in production, with an annual GDP of more than US$977.2m.
A series of specialised industrial parks has been established, including home furnishings, electromechanical, clothing and a new energy industrial park. The industrial parks will play an important role as the “main battlefield” of industry transformation in the county, focusing on export-oriented, scientific and technological and efficiency projects. Electromechanical products, clothing, auto and motorbike parts, instruments, solar photovoltaic and other hi-tech industries will be the key to future development.
Zhejiang-Taiwan (Cangnan) Economic and Trade Co-operation Zone
The Zhejiang-Taiwan (Cangnan) Economic and Trade Co-operation Zone is the first provincial-level economic and trade co-operation zone with Taiwan, authorised by the Zhejiang Provincial People’s Government in May 2011. With the territory of Cangnan as the strategic planning base for co-operation, it integrates the Cangnan Port (and its surrounding area) Industrial Base, Cangnan Industry Park, Taiwan Farmer’s Innovation Park and other blocks to form an area of “one zone with various parks”. The planned area of construction is up to 260 square kilometres.
With integration into Haixi, connecting with Taiwan and taking the lead in Zhejiang as its core responsibilities, the co-operation zone demonstrates the unique advantage that Cangnan and Taiwan have in their relationship with each other, allowing them to actively participate in the construction of “double-sea, double-district”. With more flexible and open strategic policies, it is trying to forge Zhejiang marine economic development and the Zhejiang Haixi Zone economic development, through communication about economy, trade, culture and personnel.
People in Cangnan are diligent and intelligent, good managers and always innovative. The annual outputs of the packaging-printing and plastic-plating industries are 15 per cent and 20 per cent of national outputs respectively
Longgang New City
Longgang New City is located in the east of Longgang — adjoining the old city to the west, stretching to the Chongjiaao harbour district to the south, facing Aojiang Town in Pingyang County across the river to the north, and next to the Port-Centred Industrial Base and Bacao Harbour to the south. It is the core area of future combined cities along the Ao River and its total area is 106.8 square kilometres with the Ningbo- Taizhou-Wenzhou Expressway (double track) and Provincial 220 Highway (Jinyun to Mazhan) passing through it. The entrance of the expressway is also conveniently placed here. So far, municipal roads such as Century Avenue, Rainbow Avenue and Time Avenue have been constructed. The projects of Times Bridge and Rainbow Bridge across the Ao River started work in 2014, and the Jiangnan shallows reclamation project has been completed successfully.
Longgang New City has great potential. The county party committee and the county government will gather strength and intelligence from the whole county to promote its development, with the aim to build the city into a coastal ecological metropolitan area with complete infrastructure, high-end industry, the flavour of a modern metropolis and beautiful rural scenery, all within the next 20 years.
Cangnan has an advantageous location and convenient transportation links. It is located at the intersection of the Yangtze River Delta and Haixi district, in the middle of the mainland’s “golden coastline”. Transportation and communication are convenient here because the infrastructure is complete, with the 104 National Highway, Shenhai (Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou) Highway and Wenzhou-Fuzhou railway passing through Xiaguan, Bacao and Yanting, with four ports also connecting the area. Also in use are the Provincial 78 Highway, Longjin Avenue, Century Avenue and Huanhai Road. Cangnan is only 60 kilometres away from Wenzhou Airport, and just 120 nautical miles from the port of Keelung, Taiwan.
Cangnan is served by the Wenzhou Longwan International Airport, which provides direct service to many destinations such as Italy, South Korea, Thailand,and Vietnam. Regional routes reach Hong Kong and Taipei. It has an extensive domestic route network within the PRC and is consistently ranked top 30 in passenger traffic among Chinese airports.The airport is located just outside the city in the Longwan District with direct bus service linking the airport with Downtown Lingxi and Longgang.A new elevated express highway is under construction between the airport and Cangnan.
Cangnan sits on the one of the busiest rail corridors（Yanhai High speed Railway） in China. The main rail way station is Cangnan Railway Station. It is one of the busiest of the county-level rail station in Zhejiang Province, consisting of 2 platforms that house the High Speed CRH service to Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Beijing, Xuzhou, lu'an and beyond.
Central ,north ,and west long-distance bus stations offer frequent coach service to nearby cities/towns within Zhejiang province, as well as surrounding provinces. Cangnan has an efficient public transportation network, consisting of a modern fleet of regular diesel bus, electric bus,taxi and disability scooters. The publick bus service network expanding from downtown to many suburban areas. Bicycles and electric scooters are very popular. Cangnan has an extensive free public bike rental system.
Cangnan High School(formerly Cangnan No. 1 High School) Lingxi High School (established in 1956) Lingxi No. 2 Senior High School Lingxi No. 3 Senior High School(Cangnan Qiuzhi Senior High School) Longgang Senior High School Longgang No. 2 Senior High School Longgang No. 3 Senior High School Qianku Senior High School Yishan Senior High School Jinxiang Senior High School
Cangnan No.1 Experimental Primary School Cangnan No.2 Experimental Primary School Cangnan No.3 Experimental Primary School lingxi No.1 Primary School lingxi No.2 Primary School lingxi No.3 Primary School lingxi No.5 Primary School longgang No.1 Primary School longgang No.2 Primary School longgang No.3 Primary School longgang No.5 Primary School
Cangnan has both mountains and sea, and is rich in resources. The coastline of the county is 252 kilometres and the usable mud flat area is more than 95 square kilometres. In particular, marine resources and the tourist economy have great development potential. With vast mist-covered waters and immense forests, Cangnan has beautiful scenery and a pleasant climate. Within its borders it has the acclaimed “Puzhuang Castle”, “Yucang Mountain” forest park and “Binhai-Yucang Mountain” scenic spot. It has numerous islands and sandy beaches, among which Yuliao is one of the largest sand beaches in Asia.
- Stone Tombs in South Zhejiang (on the list of Major national historical and cultural sites (Zhejiang)
- Fortified city of Pucheng, a.k.a. Puzhuangsuo Fortress (restored)
- Fortified city of Wucheng (destroyed; only ruins exist)
- Chixi Wudong Bridge
苍南县常住人口118.46万 流出人口明显多于流入人口. (n.d.). Retrieved September 7, 2016, from http://www.cnxw.com.cn/system/2011/05/24/010787839.shtml
苍南县人民政府网 综合实力. (n.d.). Retrieved September 7, 2016, from http://www.cncn.gov.cn/col/col416/index.html
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