Capalaba, Queensland

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"Capalaba" redirects here. For the Queensland electoral division, see Electoral district of Capalaba.
Capalaba
Redland CityQueensland
Wentworth Drive Capalaba.jpg
Wentworth Drive, 2014
Coordinates 27°31′22.78″S 153°11′33.72″E / 27.5229944°S 153.1927000°E / -27.5229944; 153.1927000Coordinates: 27°31′22.78″S 153°11′33.72″E / 27.5229944°S 153.1927000°E / -27.5229944; 153.1927000
Population 16,644 (2011 census)[1][2]
Postcode(s) 4157
Location 19 km (12 mi) from Brisbane GPO
LGA(s) Redland City
State electorate(s) Electoral district of Capalaba
Federal Division(s) Division of Bowman
Suburbs around Capalaba:
Chandler Birkdale Alexandra Hills
Burbank Capalaba Alexandra Hills
Burbank Sheldon Thornlands

Capalaba /kəˈpæləbɑː/ is a suburb to the south-east of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, located in the Redland City local government area.

The suburb has large shopping and commercial centres with two malls and a major bus station, as well as light industrial zones surrounded by bushland and residential streets, making it the second most populous suburb in the Redlands.[2] Surrounding suburbs include Alexandra Hills, Birkdale, and Sheldon, also in Redland City, along with Burbank and Chandler (and formerly Capalaba West), which lie within Brisbane.

Tingalpa Creek marks the border between Capalaba in the east and the City of Brisbane in the west,[3] making the suburb a gateway to the coastal Redlands region for urban Brisbanites.[2]

History[edit]

An early bridge across the Tingalpa Creek, connecting the City of Brisbane and Shire of Redland, circa 1936.

The name of Capalaba is believed to be derived from the Indigenous Yugarabul word for the ringtail possum, a marsupial native to the area.[4][5]

European settlement began in the 1850s, led by farmers, lumberjacks, and sawmill operators.[4][6] The region soon became important in the overland trade link between the settlements of Brisbane and Cleveland. Crossings and bridges over Tingalpa Creek were established to facilitate such transport.[3][6]

The suburb grew into the 20th century, becoming a major source of freshwater for the then Redland Shire in the 1960s, due to the construction of the Leslie Harrison Dam.[3] This prompted further population growth, and the introduction of commercial and industrial areas still present today.[6]

Capalaba West was a related suburb located on the opposite side of Tingalpa Creek, rendering it part of Brisbane rather than the Redlands.[5] It retained the Capalaba name until 2010, when it became incorporated into the Brisbane suburb of Chandler.[7]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census, the population of Capalaba was 16,644, of which 50.5% were female and 49.5% were male. The median/average age of the Capalaba population is 36 years of age, 1 year below the Australian average.

76.1% of people living in Capalaba were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand (6.1%), England (4.7%), South Africa (1.0%), Scotland (0.9%), and the Philippines (0.6%). 90.3% of people speak English as their first language, with Turkish, German, Hindi, Italian, and Greek each being spoken by 0.4% of the population.[1]

Tingalpa Reservoir, formed by Leslie Harrison Dam, viewed from a residential street of Capalaba. Mount Petrie can be seen in the background.

Features[edit]

The entrance to the Capalaba Library, located between the Capalaba Park and Capalaba Central shopping centres, adjacent to the Capalaba bus station.

Major commercial and educational features of Capalaba include:

Transport[edit]

The Capalaba bus station[9] connects the suburb to much of the Redlands and Eastern Brisbane. Services to Garden City bus station and the adjacent Upper Mount Gravatt busway station are operated by Mt Gravatt Bus Service, on behalf of TransLink. The suburb is also connected west to Carindale bus station and the Brisbane central business district, north to the Cleveland railway line, and east to Victoria Point bus station, through bus routes operated by Transdev Queensland on behalf of TransLink.[9]

TransLink's Eastern Busway is planned to extend from UQ Lakes to Capalaba, but currently only reaches Langlands Park busway station in Coorparoo.[10][11]

Capalaba is also the terminus for major roads crossing Tingalpa Creek from the City of Brisbane, including Old Cleveland Road and Mount Gravatt-Capalaba Road/Mount Cotton Road, both connecting directly to the Gateway Motorway.[12][13]

Sporting clubs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Capalaba (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Redland City Tourism Strategy and Action Plan 2015-2020" (PDF). Redland City Council. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  3. ^ a b c "Living on the Edge: along Tingalpa Creek" (PDF). Mary Howells, University of Queensland. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Capalaba". Redland City Council. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  5. ^ a b "Capalaba West: Environment". BRISbites. Archived from the original on July 20, 2008. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  6. ^ a b c "Capalaba timeline". Redland City Council. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  7. ^ "Capalaba West suburb Name Change". Councillor Adrian Schrinner. May 2010. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  8. ^ "Chandler Markets move to Capalaba". Redland City Bulletin. 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Capalaba station". TransLink. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  10. ^ "Eastern Busway". TransLink. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  11. ^ "Revitalisation of the Coorparoo Junction Precinct". Anissa Farrell, Sourceable. 2015-05-27. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  12. ^ "THE ORIGINS OF OLD CLEVELAND ROAD" (PDF). Fr. Michael A Endicott, University of Queensland. 1976-10-28. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  13. ^ "Southeast Queensland road closures, cancellations and advice". The Courier-Mail. 2015-02-20. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 

External links[edit]