Capalaba, Queensland

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Capalaba
Redland CityQueensland
Capalaba 2018.jpg
Intersection opposite Capalaba Park, 2018
Capalaba is located in Queensland
Capalaba
Capalaba
Coordinates27°32′41″S 153°11′50″E / 27.5447°S 153.1972°E / -27.5447; 153.1972 (Capalaba (centre of locality))
Population17,333 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density926.9/km2 (2,401/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4157
Area18.7 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location
LGA(s)Redland City
State electorate(s)Capalaba
Federal Division(s)Bowman
Suburbs around Capalaba:
Chandler Birkdale Alexandra Hills
Burbank Capalaba Alexandra Hills
Burbank Sheldon Thornlands

Capalaba /kəˈpæləbɑː/ is an urban locality in the City of Redland, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census Capalaba had a population of 17,333 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The suburb has large shopping and commercial centres with two malls and a major bus station, as well as light industrial zones surrounded by bushland and residential streets, making it the second most populous suburb in the Redlands.[3] Surrounding suburbs include Alexandra Hills, Birkdale, and Sheldon, also in Redland City, along with Burbank and Chandler (and formerly Capalaba West), which lie within Brisbane.

Tingalpa Creek marks the border between Capalaba in the east and the City of Brisbane in the west,[4] making the suburb a gateway to the coastal Redlands region for urban Brisbanites.[3]

Leslie Harrison Dam is on Tingalpa Creek.[citation needed]

History[edit]

An early bridge across the Tingalpa Creek, connecting the City of Brisbane and Shire of Redland, circa 1936.

The name of Capalaba is believed to be derived from the Indigenous Yugarabul word for the ringtail possum, a marsupial native to the area.[5][6]

European settlement began in the 1850s, led by farmers, lumberjacks, and sawmill operators.[5][7] The town became important in the overland trade link between the settlements of Brisbane and Cleveland. Crossings and bridges over Tingalpa Creek were established to facilitate such transport.[4][7]

Tingalpa Bridge Provisional School opened on 30 July 1874; it was also known at Tingalpa Upper Provisional School. In 1880 it was renamed Capalaba State School. In 1922 it was declared closed, but continued to operate. In 1924 it officially reopened as Capalaba State School. In 2005 it merged with Capalaba State High School to create Capalaba State College.[8]

The town was originally officially known as Tingalpa, presumably taking its name from the creek, this caused confusion due to the existence of another area of the same name and so in 1927 the town's name was officially changed to Capalaba (a name in common use).[9]

The town grew into the 20th century, becoming a major source of freshwater for the then Redland Shire in the 1960s, due to the construction of the Leslie Harrison Dam.[4] This prompted the introduction of commercial and industrial areas still present today.[7] Continued population growth led to Capalaba ceasing to be a separate town and becoming a suburb within a larger conurbation.

Capalaba State High School opened on 24 January 1978. In 2005 it merged with Capalaba State School to create Capalaba State College.[8]

Capalaba Park Shopping Centre opened to the public in 1981 on the site of Queensland's first drive-in theatre.[10][11] The theatre was originally relocated to a new site behind the shopping centre, but then closed entirely in 1997 following an expansion of the centre to include new cinemas.[12] FPDSavills' Byvan division gave the centre its "Shopping Centre of the Year Award" in 2002.[13]

Coolnwynpin State School opened on 23 January 1984.[8]

St Luke's Catholic Parish School opened in January 1989 with 11 staff and 95 students under the leadership of Sister Lynne Albury, the school's first principal.[8][14]

Capalba Library opened in 1996.[15][16]

Capalaba West was a related suburb located on the opposite side of Tingalpa Creek, and was part of the City of Brisbane rather than the Redlands.[6] It retained the Capalaba name until 2010, when it became incorporated into the Brisbane suburb of Chandler.[17]

In the 2016 census Capalaba had a population of 17,333 people.[1]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 census, the population of Capalaba was 17,333, an increase from 16,644 in the 2011 census,[18] of whom 50.4% were female and 49.6% were male. The median age of the Capalaba population was 37 years old, 1 year below the national median of 37.

74.4% of people living in Capalaba were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand (6.6%), England (4.4%), South Africa (1.0%), the Philippines (1.0%), and India (0.9%). 87.7% of people speak English as their first language; the next most common languages were Mandarin Chinese (0.6%), Hindi, Tagalog, Italian, and Greek (all 0.5%).[19]

Tingalpa Reservoir, formed by Leslie Harrison Dam, viewed from a residential street of Capalaba. Mount Petrie can be seen in the background.

Education[edit]

Coolnwynpin State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 6 Telaska Court (27°32′46″S 153°12′15″E / 27.5462°S 153.2042°E / -27.5462; 153.2042 (Coolnwynpin State School)).[20][21] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 427 students with 34 teachers (31 full-time equivalent) and 27 non-teaching staff (19 full-time equivalent).[22] It includes a special education program.[20]

St Luke's Catholic Parish School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 45 Degen Road (27°32′57″S 153°11′46″E / 27.5493°S 153.1960°E / -27.5493; 153.1960 (St Luke's Catholic Parish School)).[20][23] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 333 students with 25 teachers (20 full-time equivalent) and 14 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[22]

Capalaba State College is a government primary and secondary (Early Childhood-12) school for boys and girls at School Road (27°32′11″S 153°11′23″E / 27.5364°S 153.1898°E / -27.5364; 153.1898 (Capalaba State College)).[20][24] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 783 students with 77 teachers (71 full-time equivalent) and 45 non-teaching staff (33 full-time equivalent).[22] It includes a special education program.[20]

Turning Point Positive Learning Centre is a specific-purpose primary and secondary (5-10) school at School Road (27°32′11″S 153°11′23″E / 27.5364°S 153.1898°E / -27.5364; 153.1898 (Turning Point Positive Learning Centre)).[20] It is a school for children who require support beyond that of a conventional classroom with a goal of either returning the child to a conventional classroom or undertaking vocational training.[25]

Amenities[edit]

Capalaba Park Shopping Centre Main Entrance
The entrance to the Capalaba Library, located between the Capalaba Park and Capalaba Central shopping centres, adjacent to the Capalaba bus station.

Capalaba Park Shopping Centre is bounded by Redland Bay Road, Moreton Bay Road, and Mount Cotton Road (27°31′27″S 153°11′28″E / 27.5243°S 153.1911°E / -27.5243; 153.1911 (Capalaba Park Shopping Centre)).[26]

Capalaba Central Shopping Centre is at 38-62 Moreton Bay Road (27°31′24″S 153°11′41″E / 27.5234°S 153.1946°E / -27.5234; 153.1946 (Capalaba Central Shopping Centre)).[27] It includes an Event Cinemas movie theatre complex.[28]

Redland City Council operates the Capalaba Library at 14 Noleen Street (27°31′23″S 153°11′34″E / 27.5230°S 153.1929°E / -27.5230; 153.1929 (Capalaba Library)).[15][16] There is an adjacent council service centre.[29]

Redlands IndigiScapes Centre is an environmental education centre at 17 Runnymede Road (27°32′51″S 153°13′08″E / 27.5474°S 153.2189°E / -27.5474; 153.2189 (Redlands IndigiScapes Centre)).[3][30]

There are a number of parks in the locality, including:

Events[edit]

The College Markets (formerly Chandler Markets) are held in School Road every Sunday morning.[32]

Transport[edit]

The Capalaba bus station[33] connects the suburb to much of the Redlands and Eastern Brisbane. Services to Garden City bus station and the adjacent Upper Mount Gravatt busway station are operated by Mt Gravatt Bus Service, on behalf of TransLink. The suburb is also connected west to Carindale bus station and the Brisbane central business district, north to the Cleveland railway line, and east to Victoria Point bus station, through bus routes operated by Transdev Queensland on behalf of TransLink.[33]

TransLink's Eastern Busway is planned to extend from UQ Lakes to Capalaba, but currently only reaches Langlands Park busway station in Coorparoo.[34][35]

Capalaba is also the terminus for major roads crossing Tingalpa Creek from the City of Brisbane, including Old Cleveland Road and Mount Gravatt-Capalaba Road/Mount Cotton Road, both connecting directly to the Gateway Motorway.[36][37]

Sporting clubs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Capalaba (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Capalaba – locality in City of Redland (entry 43628)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "Redland City Tourism Strategy and Action Plan 2015-2020" (PDF). Redland City Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Living on the Edge: along Tingalpa Creek" (PDF). Mary Howells, University of Queensland. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 May 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Capalaba". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ a b "Capalaba West: Environment". BRISbites. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Capalaba timeline". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2015.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. ^ a b c d Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  9. ^ "NEW NAME". Sunday Mail (237). Queensland, Australia. 11 December 1927. p. 3. Retrieved 14 November 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Then and now: Redlands history in photos". Redland City Bulletin. Australian Community Media. 17 May 2013. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  11. ^ "THROWBACK THURSDAY". Redland City Bulletin. Australian Community Media. 3 October 2013. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  12. ^ Hurst, Brian (8 April 2013). "Shopping takes over from drive-in". Redland City Bulletin. Australian Community Media. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Capalaba beats its rival to top award". 29 July 2002. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
  14. ^ "Our History". St Luke's Catholic Parish School. Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Library opening hours and locations". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Capalaba West suburb Name Change". Councillor Adrian Schrinner. May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 March 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  18. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Capalaba (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. Edit this at Wikidata
  19. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Capalaba (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  20. ^ a b c d e f "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Coolnwynpin State School". Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  22. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  23. ^ "St Luke's Catholic Parish School". Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Capalaba State College". Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Positive Learning Centres". Education Queensland. 6 April 2018. Archived from the original on 8 October 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Capalaba Park - everything for you". Capalaba Park. Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Capalaba Central Shopping Centre". www.capalabacentral.com.au. Archived from the original on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  28. ^ "Capalaba - Event Cinemas". Event Cinemas. Archived from the original on 12 March 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  29. ^ "Contact us | Redland City Council". Redland City Council. Archived from the original on 2 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  30. ^ "Conserving our natural heritage". www.indigiscapes.com.au. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Land for public recreation - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 20 November 2020. Archived from the original on 22 November 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  32. ^ "Chandler Markets move to Capalaba". Redland City Bulletin. 12 August 2014. Archived from the original on 20 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  33. ^ a b "Capalaba station". TransLink. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  34. ^ "Eastern Busway". TransLink. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  35. ^ "Revitalisation of the Coorparoo Junction Precinct". Anissa Farrell, Sourceable. 27 May 2015. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  36. ^ "THE ORIGINS OF OLD CLEVELAND ROAD" (PDF). Fr. Michael A Endicott, University of Queensland. 28 October 1976. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  37. ^ "Southeast Queensland road closures, cancellations and advice". The Courier-Mail. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  38. ^ "Home - Capalaba Sports Club". Capalaba Sports Club. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.

External links[edit]