Carl Raymond Davis
|Carl Raymond Davis|
Carl Raymond Davis c. 1939
30 July 1911|
Krugersdorp, Transvaal, South Africa
|Died||6 September 1940
Killed in action near Tunbridge Wells, England
|Buried at||St Mary's churchyard, Storrington, Sussex|
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1940|
|Unit||No. 601 Squadron RAF|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Relations||Carl Raymond Davis Sr (father)
Clara May Davis (mother)
Flight Lieutenant Carl Raymond Davis DFC (30 July 1911 – 6 September 1940) was a flying ace of the Battle of Britain, having claimed nine enemy aircraft (and one shared) destroyed, four (and one shared) probably destroyed, and four damaged, before he was himself shot down and killed in action.
Davis was one of 11 American pilots who flew with RAF Fighter Command between 10 July and 31 October 1940, thereby qualifying for the Battle of Britain clasp to the 1939–45 campaign star.
Born in Krugersdorp, Transvaal in South Africa to American parents, Davis was educated in England at Sherborne School, and Trinity College, Cambridge (Bachelor of Arts) and at McGill University, Montreal (Bachelor of Arts qualifying as a mining engineer). Becoming a British citizen in 1932 His wife was Anne, sister of Sir Archibald Hope of 601 Squadron (Hope was in turn married to Carl's sister Ruth.) Obtaining his mining degree, he then took flying lessons in New Jersey while living with his sister.
Second World War
Davis was called to full-time service on 27 August 1939 and, on 27 November 1939, flew one of the six 601 Squadron Blenheims that attacked the German seaplane base at Borkum. On 11 July 1940, he shot down a Messerschmitt Bf 110, and he added two more Bf 110s on 11 August 1940 and three more Bf 110s on the 13th.
Davis downed five more aircraft before being killed in action when a Messerschmitt Bf 109 shot down his Hawker Hurricane I (P3363) in combat over Tunbridge Wells at 09:30 hrs, 6 September 1940. Davis crashed, inverted, with his aircraft burned out in the back garden of Canterbury Cottage at Matfield, Brenchley, near Tunbridge Wells. He was 29 years old.
Honours and awards
- 30 August 1940 – Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross Flying Officer Carl Raymond Davis (90131),
Auxiliary Air Force:
Flying Officer Davis has been engaged on operational flying since 3rd September, 1939. He has taken part in nearly all patrols and interceptions carried out by his squadron. He has been a section leader for the last two months, and on several occasions has led his flight. Flying Officer Davis has personally destroyed six enemy aircraft, and severely damaged several others. He has shown great keenness and courage.— London Gazette
- List of Battle of Britain pilots
- Non-British personnel in the RAF during the Battle of Britain
- List of Flying Aces in the Battle of Britain
- C.R. Davis at Find a grave
- "Davis, Carl Raymond." Commonwealth War Graves commission. Retrieved: 25 December 2010.
- Shores and Williams 1994, p. 213.
- "Carl Raymond Davis." WW2 Awards. Retrieved: 5 January 2013.
- "Battle of Britain – Roll of Honour." RAF. Retrieved: 6 January 2013.
- Battle of Britain, Then and Now Mk V supplemental published 1989, p. xviii, quote from Davis' sister confirming nationality issues
- "The Airmen's Stories – F/Lt. C R Davis." The Battle of Britain London Monument. Retrieved: 25 December 2010.
- "30 August 1940." London Gazette. Retrieved: 5 January 2013.
- Shores, Christopher and Clive Williams. Aces High. London: Grub Street, 1994. ISBN 1-898697-00-0.