Castlevania II: Simon's Quest

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Castlevania II: Simon's Quest
Castlevania 2 cover.png
North American box art
Developer(s)Konami
Publisher(s)Konami
Director(s)Hitoshi Akamatsu
Programmer(s)Nobuhiro Matsuoka
Yasuo Kuwahara
Artist(s)Noriyasu Togakushi
Composer(s)Kenichi Matsubara
Satoe Terashima
Kouji Murata
SeriesCastlevania
Platform(s)Famicom Disk System, Nintendo Entertainment System
ReleaseFDS
NES
Genre(s)Platform-adventure
Mode(s)Single-player

Castlevania II: Simon's Quest[a] is a platform-adventure game produced by Konami.[3] It was originally released in Japan in 1987 for the Famicom Disk System, and in North America in 1988 for the Nintendo Entertainment System, respectively. It is the second Castlevania game released for the NES, following the original Castlevania in 1986. Set sometime after the events of the first installment,[4] the player once again assumes the role of vampire hunter Simon Belmont, who is on a journey to undo a curse placed on him by Dracula at the end of their previous encounter. Dracula's body was split into five parts, which Simon must find and bring to the ruins of Castle Dracula and defeat him.[5]

Gameplay[edit]

The player-character Simon can buy items and talk to villagers for clues.

Gameplay of Castlevania II: Simon's Quest departs from the standard platforming genre of the first Castlevania for a game inspired by The Maze of Galious.[6] It features nonlinear gameplay and role-playing elements such as a world map which the player is free to explore and revisit.[7][8][9] Simon, controlled by the player, can talk with villagers who will offer him clues or lies.[8] He can go to merchants who sell items, either for fighting enemies or for traversing to otherwise unreachable areas. To pay for them, he must collect hearts, which are dropped by defeated enemies.[8][10] In addition to the ordinary items in Simon's inventory, he can purchase new whips in a few locations.[10][11] Simon's Quest introduces an Experience Rating system, also found in role-playing games, which is increased by collecting hearts.[8][10] After he finds a sufficient amount, his level and maximum health will increase with his Experience Rating.[8]

The period of time in Simon's Quest cycles between daytime and nightfall,[11] which has an effect on the game and Simon's encounters. During the day, the enemies outside villages are weaker. At nighttime, they gain strength and inflict more damage to Simon's life points;[11] though when defeated, they drop more hearts.[8][10] The villagers and merchants in their respective locations are no longer available to talk to during night time, and are replaced by zombies.[11][12]

Some elements from the previous game remain,[13] including the Magic Weapons, which are secondary weapons to Simon's whip.[10] Like most games in the series, some of these require the usage of hearts. One of them returning from Castlevania is the Holy Water, a small glass which can disintegrate walls that conceal hidden items.[10] Some Magic Weapons make their first appearance in Simon's Quest, such as the Diamond, which attacks enemies while bouncing off any surrounding walls.[10]

The objective of the game is to travel to the five mansions to find the five body parts of Dracula's corpse, and the Magic Cross.[8] The body parts can be utilized to support Simon in the game. For example, Dracula's Rib can be used as a shield to block any projectile attacks fired from an enemy.[9][14] Finding all of the required items will allow Simon to clear the blockade in front of Dracula's castle to fight the last boss.[8] After the player defeats Dracula, there are three possible endings based on the time taken to complete the game.[14] The best ending is achieved when the player beats the game in eight game days.[15]

Development and release[edit]

Simon's Quest was designed by Hitoshi Akamatsu, who also directed Castlevania and Castlevania III: Dracula's Curse on the NES.[16][17] It was released on the Famicom Disk System (FDS) on August 28, 1987 in Japan.[1] Originally titled Dracula II in Japan, Akamatsu created the title Simon's Quest for release in Western territories.[6] When asked if Metroid had any influence on the development of the game, Akamatsu instead cited Maze of Galious, another platform-adventure game by Konami that features puzzle solving.[6]

It was eventually converted to cartridge on the NES in North America on December 1, 1988, and in Europe on April 27, 1990. There are functional differences due to hardware differences between the FDS and cartridge.[18] The FDS version features a progress saving feature, commonly seen on FDS games due to the rewritable floppy disk. The NES version instead uses a password function to return to specific sequences from the game.[18] The FDS medium has a data storage limitation of 112 kilobytes of slow access, whereas bank-switching techniques and solid memory costs allow cartridges to have comparable data space with much faster access. The developers used the space to improve the music quality for the game, adding percussion samples and re-arranging the melodies to take advantage of the technology.[18] Other changes were made to correct several grammatical and spelling errors in the translation, although the rendering of the protagonist's name as "Simmon Belmont" in the game's endings stayed.[18] Most of the original artwork for Simon's Quest and other early Castlevania games was lost during the Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995.[19]

Simon's Quest has seen several re-releases. On November 16, 2002, the game was included on Konami Collector's Series: Castlevania & Contra in North America, a PC collection of the Konami NES games via emulation.[20] It has been re-released on other consoles through Nintendo's Virtual Console service.[21] Simon's Quest is exclusive to the North American and European versions of the NES Classic Edition, a miniature replica of the NES featuring many built-in games.[22] It is also a part of the multi-platform Castlevania Anniversary Collection, a compilation of past Castlevania titles.[23]

Audio[edit]

Akumajō Dracula Famicom Best
Soundtrack album by
Kinuyo Yamashita, Satoe Terashima, Kenichi Matsubara, Yoshinori Sasaki, Jun Funahashi, and Yukie Morimoto
ReleasedMarch 21, 1990 (Japan)[24]
GenreVideo game soundtrack
Length1:04:13[24]

The game's soundtrack was composed by Kenichi Matsubara, who later created music for the Castlevania arcade title, Haunted Castle.[25] "Bloody Tears" has since become a recurring song in the Castlevania franchise.[14] The album Akumajō Dracula Famicom Best was released on March 20, 1990, with the catalog number KICA-1005,[26] and a bonus sticker.[27] It was reprinted under Akumajō Dracula Best Vol. 1 on September 23, 1998, with the catalog number KICA-7901.[26] It included the FDS version of Simon's Quest's music, with three bonus tracks from the NES version. The disc includes the audio from Castlevania and Castlevania III: Dracula's Curse, covering 33 tracks with a total duration of 1:04.00.[26] A vinyl also featuring both the FDS and NES music was released by Mondo on January 11, 2017.[28] Some reviewers have praised Matsubara's compositions.[14][29] GameSpy called all of the music "incredible", and one of the first appearances of "classics like 'The Silence of Daylight'".[30]

Reception[edit]

The game garnered positive reviews following its release, and received the reputation of a Nintendo classic over time.[34] Japanese game magazine Famitsu gave it a score of 28 out of 40.[31]

In 1990, Nintendo Power's NES retrospective Pak Source gave Simon's Quest ratings of 4.5/5 for Graphic and Sound, 4/5 for Play Control, 4/5 for Challenge, and 4/5 for Theme Fun.[35] In 2008, Nintendo Power ranked it as the 15th best NES game, comparing it to Zelda II: The Adventure of Link in how it successfully added role-playing video game elements to its series.[36] In a 1997 Castlevania retrospective, GamePro called it "an excellent time-killer, and much longer than the first Castlevania".[37] IGN called Simon's Quest the "perfect game to play during 1989". It praised the theme of exploration, acknowledged the evolution of the series, and lauded its graphical and audio presentation.[29]

Modern reviews of Simon's Quest have been more critical. Criticism included backtracking, easy bosses, and the day-to-night cycle. A common complaint was its English localization, with cryptic and poorly translated clues from non-player characters.[29] A former Castlevania producer, Koji Igarashi, revealed that all the NPCs in the Japanese version were deliberate liars.[38] GameSpot said that the subtle hints from the Japanese version were lost in translation, such as the infamous line "hit Deborah Cliff with your head to make a hole".[32] Active Gaming Media showed that the Japanese text was similarly misleading, but further described where and how an accurate hint from the Japanese game was lost.[39] Further criticism stemmed from some of the game's puzzles, which have no clues at all,[13] such as a scenario where Simon must summon a tornado at Deborah Cliff.[32] 1UP.com said the game required a walkthrough because of its non-explanatory nature.[34] Game Informer said that while the game is important in gaming history, it was still a polarizing game due to "cryptic puzzles" and other difficult elements.[40]

Legacy[edit]

Simon's Quest is the second Castlevania game to depart from linear gameplay, following Vampire Killer for the MSX2 in 1986, and instead feature a non-linear explorative world. This design has been compared to Nintendo's famous Metroid series,[41] yielding the Metroidvania subgenre. The game's exploration system and ideas introduced adventure elements to the series, and it would heavily influence future games.[19] The first game that drew inspiration from it was Castlevania: Symphony of the Night.[41] Symphony of the Night's assistant director, Koji Igarashi, said the critical reaction to Simon's Quest and its gameplay allowed them to pitch Symphony of the Night to Konami.[42] The plot of Simon's Quest would also be directly referenced in later Castlevania games. In the Game Boy Advance entry, Castlevania: Harmony of Dissonance, the protagonist Juste Belmont recounts when his grandfather Simon had to search for Dracula's body parts. In the game, the player must find them again.[43]

In other media[edit]

Nintendo Power #2 cover received complaints from parents.

Upon its release, Simon's Quest was briefly the subject of controversy when it received strong publicity in the second issue of Nintendo Power. Its front page had a costumed model dressed as Simon Belmont, holding Dracula's severed head. This cover provoked many telephone complaints from parents of children who purchased the magazine,[44] stating that it gave their children nightmares. Nintendo Power covered this in issue 50, citing this as its worst cover.[44] Simon's Quest was referenced in a following issue in a Howard and Nester comic strip.[45]

Simon's Quest was followed by the release of merchandise. In 1988, Tiger Electronics released a handheld game and an LCD wristwatch based on Simon's Quest.[46][47] Promotional collector's cards were also available exclusively in Japan.[48] In 2007, a figurine of Simon's appearance from Simon's Quest was included as a pre-order bonus for Castlevania: The Dracula X Chronicles.[49]

Worlds of Power, a 1990s series of books with stories based on Nintendo games, has a novel about Simon's Quest.[50] It was written by Christopher Howell, and the series was produced by Seth Godin. It departs from the original plot and introduces characters not seen in the game, including junior high school student Timothy Bradley, a video gamer who crosses over into the world of Simon's Quest and assists Simon in looking for Dracula's body parts.[51]

The game is the subject of James Rolfe's first mock review as the Angry Video Game Nerd, a comedy series about how enraged one obsessive gamer can get over old video games.[52][53]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Known in Japan as Dracula II: Noroi no Fūin (ドラキュラII 呪いの封印, Dorakyura Tsū: Noroi no Fūin, Dracula II: The Seal of the Curse)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dracula II: Noroi no Fuuin – Release Summary". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  2. ^ a b "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest – Release Summary (NES)". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  3. ^ Top 100 NES Games – 25. Castlevania II: Simon's Quest Archived 2011-01-23 at the Wayback Machine, IGN
  4. ^ Dracula II: Noroi no Fūin instruction manual (in Japanese). Konami. 1987. pp. 6–7. KDS-DRK.
  5. ^ Dracula II: Noroi no Fūin instruction manual (in Japanese). Konami. 1987. pp. 8–9. KDS-DRK.
  6. ^ a b c "Castlevania – Developer Commentary". Shmupulations. Retrieved 2019-05-10.
  7. ^ Jeremy Parish, Metroidvania Chronicles II: Simon's Quest1UP.com, June 28, 2006
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Castlevania II: Simon's Quest instruction manual. Konami. 1988. pp. 4–5. NES-QU-USA.
  9. ^ a b Castlevania II: Simon's Quest instruction manual. Konami. 1988. pp. 8–9. NES-QU-USA.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Castlevania II: Simon's Quest instruction manual. Konami. 1988. pp. 10–11. NES-QU-USA.
  11. ^ a b c d Castlevania II: Simon's Quest instruction manual. Konami. 1988. p. 7. NES-QU-USA.
  12. ^ Castlevania II: Simon's Quest instruction manual. Konami. 1988. p. 12. NES-QU-USA.
  13. ^ a b "RPGamer > Staff Retroview > Castlevania II: Simon's Quest". 2018-01-14. Archived from the original on 2018-01-14. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  14. ^ a b c d Mike Whalen, Giancarlo Varanini. "The History of Castlevania – Castlevania II: Simon's Quest". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  15. ^ "Castlevania 2: Simon's Quest". ClassicGaming.com. GameSpy. Archived from the original on 2009-08-01. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  16. ^ Konami Industry Co., Ltd. (22 December 1989). Castlevania III: Dracula's Curse (in Japanese). Konami Industry Co., Ltd. Scene: staff credits (second playthrough).
  17. ^ "Hitoshi Akamatsu Video Game Credits and Biography". MobyGames. Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2016-08-31.
  18. ^ a b c d "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest". ClassicGaming.com. GameSpy. Archived from the original on 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
  19. ^ a b Mark Bozon (2007-01-18). "Castlevania: The Retrospective". IGN. Archived from the original on 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  20. ^ "Konami Collector's Series: Castlevania & Contra — Release Summary". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
  21. ^ "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest – Release Summary (Wii)". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-07-28.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Paul, Ian (July 14, 2016). "Nintendo's releasing a miniature NES console packed with 30 classic games". Archived from the original on July 15, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  23. ^ "Castlevania Anniversary Collection screenshots, price point". Nintendo Everything. 2019-04-21.
  24. ^ a b "Akumajo Dracula Best". Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
  25. ^ Konami Game Music Collection Vol.1 (Media notes). King Records Co., Ltd. 1988. Archived from the original on 2009-06-13. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
  26. ^ a b c "Akumajo Dracula Best". Game Music Revolution Online. Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
  27. ^ "Akumajo Dracula Best". VGMuseum.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
  28. ^ "New Music Release: CASTLEVANIA II: SIMON'S QUEST – Mondo". Mondo. Archived from the original on 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  29. ^ a b c d Lucas M. Thomas (2007-10-31). "IGN: Castlevania II: Simon's Quest (Virtual Console) Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
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  31. ^ a b "ドラキュラII 呪いの封印 [ファミコン] / ファミ通.com". www.famitsu.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
  32. ^ a b c Frank Provo (2007-11-06). "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest for Wii Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  33. ^ "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest Video Game". GameTrailers. Archived from the original on 2009-10-14. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
  34. ^ a b "Retro Roundup 10/29: Castlevania, Spyro, Magician Lord". 1UP.com. Retrieved 2008-08-09.[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "Pak Source". Nintendo Power. Nintendo of America. January 1990.
  36. ^ "Nintendo Power – The 20th Anniversary Issue!" (Magazine). Nintendo Power. 231 (231). San Francisco, California: Future US. August 2008: 71. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  37. ^ "Castlevania Rises from the Grave". GamePro. No. 108. IDG. September 1997. p. 34.
  38. ^ "Interview with Koji Igarashi & Michiru Yamane". Gie Wie Gorilla. Archived from the original on 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  39. ^ Anthony Teixeira. "Resolving a Translation Mystery – Castlevania II". Active Gaming Media. Archived from the original on 2011-03-10. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
  40. ^ Turi, Tim (2012-04-04). "Ranking The Castlevania Bloodline". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
  41. ^ a b Kurt Kalata (2006-07-26). "Tales from the Crypt: Castlevania's 20th Anniversary Blow-Out". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  42. ^ Oxford, Nadia (September 7, 2018). "Castlevania: Symphony of the Night Wouldn't Have Happened Without Castlevania 2: Simon's Quest". USGamer. Archived from the original on October 1, 2018. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  43. ^ Konami (2002-06-06). Castlevania: Harmony of Dissonance (Game Boy Advance). Konami. Level/area: Corridor in the Air.
  44. ^ a b 50 Issues of Nintendo Power: Worst Cover: Castlevania II – Vol. 2 showed Simon Belmont holding Dracula's head. Kids had nightmares and so did our phone reps who dealt with the complaints. – Nintendo Power, Vol. 50, p.36
  45. ^ Nintendo Power November/December 1988
  46. ^ "The History of Castlevania – Related Games". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  47. ^ "Castlevania 2: Simon's Quest – LCD Wristwatch". VGMuseum.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-23. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  48. ^ "Castlevania 2 Cards". ClassicGaming.com. GameSpy. Archived from the original on 2010-06-12. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
  49. ^ "Castlevania: Dracula X Chronicles with Simon Belmont figure". QJ. Caputo Media. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
  50. ^ "Castlevania 2: Worlds of Power Book". ClassicGaming.com. GameSpy. Archived from the original on 2010-01-09. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
  51. ^ Struck, Shawn; Scott Sharkey (2006-08-03). "8-Bit Lit: Behind the Worlds of Power Books based on Nintendo Entertainment System games". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  52. ^ Walsh, Michael (2014-04-08). "YouTube star James Rolfe goes long with 'Angry Video Game Nerd' movie". Daily News.
  53. ^ Carlson, Alex (2014-01-07). "The Nerd Who Changed Gaming Culture Forever". Hardcore Gamer.

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