Clinton, Oneida County, New York
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|Clinton, New York|
Location in Oneida County and the state of New York.
|• Total||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|• Land||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||604 ft (184 m)|
|• Density||3,200/sq mi (1,300/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0946885|
The Village of Clinton, site of Hamilton College, is within the Town of Kirkland. The village was known as the "village of schools" due to the large number of private schools operating in the village during the 19th century.
Part of Coxe's Patent, 6th division, Clinton began in March 1787 when Revolutionary War veterans from Plymouth, Connecticut settled in Clinton. Pioneer Moses Foote brought 7 other families with him to the area. The new inhabitants found good soil, plentiful forests, and friendly Brothertown Indians in southern Kirkland along with Oneida Indians who passed through on trails. Named after New York’s first governor, George Clinton, an uncle of Erie Canal builder, DeWitt Clinton, the village had a gristmill on the Oriskany Creek on College Street the first year and slowly developed as a farming and mercantile center.
In 1793, Presbyterian minister Rev. Samuel Kirkland founded Hamilton-Oneida Academy as a seminary to serve as part of his missionary work with the Oneida tribe. The seminary admitted both white and Oneida boys. Kirkland named it in honor of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, who was a member of the first Board of Trustees of the Hamilton-Oneida Academy. The Academy became Hamilton College in 1812, making it the third oldest college in New York after Columbia and Union, after it expanded to a four-year college curriculum.
Originally in the Town of Whitestown and then the Town of Paris, Clinton became part of the newly formed Town of Kirkland in 1827, and became an incorporated village in April 1843 with its own board of trustees, officials, employees, and status as a taxing jurisdiction.
Elihu Root, secretary of war and state under presidents McKinley and Roosevelt, was born in a building on the Hamilton College campus and is probably Clinton’s most famous son.
Never a factory town, Clinton did have the Clinton Knitting Company on the site of the Clinton House Apartments on Kirkland Avenue in the first half of the 20th century as well as the Clinton Canning Company to process local vegetables in the late summer and fall.
In business history, in addition to the iron ore industry, world-famous Bristol-Myers Company began in Clinton in 1887 on the second floor over the CVS drug store at 3-5 West Park Row and moved to Syracuse after three years. Both William Bristol and John Myers graduated from Hamilton College.
Past residents of note
- Natalie Babbitt, award-winning children's author.
- Clara Barton, founder of American Red Cross.
- Frederick Bee, builder of telegraph over Sierra Nevada Mountains and Consul of the Chinese Consulate in San Francisco.
- William McLaren Bristol, co-founder of Bristol-Meyers Squibb.
- Grover Cleveland, brief childhood resident.
- Flick Colby, choreographer.
- Edward P. Felt, passenger United Flight 93, died Sept. 11, 2001.
- Ulysses S. Grant III, United States Army officer and planner.
- George Hastings (American politician), former US Congressman.
- Samuel Kirkland, a missionary among the Oneida, obtained a charter for Hamilton College in 1812.
- Mary Lyon, pioneer of women's education.
- John Ripley Myers, co-founder of Bristol-Meyers Squibb.
- Nick Palmieri, professional Ice Hockey player, was born in Clinton.
- Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters, Danish-born astronomer; working at Litchfield Observatory, Hamilton College, he discovered 48 asteroids.
- Ezra Pound, poet and intellectual; attended Hamilton College
- Elihu Root, born in Clinton and attended Hamilton College.
- Eli Parsons Royce, born in this town and was the founder of Escanaba, Michigan.
- B.F. Skinner, graduated from Hamilton College.
- Leland Stanford, student in Clinton.
- De Wayne Stebbins, Wisconsin State Senator from 1895 to 1903, was born in Clinton.
- Hildegarde Swift, award-winning children's author, was born in Clinton.
The Clinton High School, Middle School, and Elementary School are located towards the center of the village, as are the business offices for the district.
The village centers around a park where many community events take place. The Kirkland Art Center hosts many activities throughout the year including the KAC Road Race. Also, a local favorite, the Clinton Cider Mill located on Elm Street produces cider on site each Fall.
The Clinton Arena was home to the Clinton Comets of the Eastern Hockey League, which ended play at the arena in 1973. Portions of the movie "Slap Shot" were filmed at the famed Clinton Arena. Its hockey program is widely regarded as one of the best in New York State, despite the small size of the school. The team won back to back State Championships twice. First in 1994-1995 and 1995–1996 and again in 2004-2005 and 2005-2006. In 2005 and 2006, Clinton's Cross Country team won back to back scholar athlete state championships.
In 1984, Clinton's Football team went to the Carrier Dome beating V.V.S. in the semi-final, 3-0 and became Section 3 Class B Co-Champion along with Bishop Grimes since the game ended in a tie, 0-0.
Clinton's boys' soccer program won their first Section III title in 2006, and a second in 2011, for the first time advancing to the state semi-finals, as well as an undefeated regular season. It is also noted that they are among the top contenders for the Center-State Conference Championship every year. Clinton Track and Field is also well known in the area.
There is an annual Clinton Arts and Music Festival, created by Nick Katona (Melodic Revolution Records) in 2006. http://artandmusicfest.com/ Classic local Clinton bands like The Jellyfish, and Eggnogg have regularly played this festival.
Clinton is located at (43.048852, -75.380250).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.
The village is east of the Oriskany Creek.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,952 people, 922 households, and 488 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,349.4 people per square mile (1,299.4/km²). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 1,655.8 per square mile (642.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.05% White, 0.61% African American, 0.72% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.
There were 922 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.0% were non-families. 41.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the village, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $41,958, and the median income for a family was $66,685. Males had a median income of $45,750 versus $31,369 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,165. About 3.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
- "Hamilton had championed a humane, enlightened policy toward the Indians...Through his interest in educating native Americans, Hamilton's name came to adorn a college." (Ron Chernow, Alexander Hamilton, 2004, p. 337).
- Clinton Historical Society. "Some history about Clinton, NY". Some history about Clinton, NY. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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