County-controlled city

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is part of a series on
Administrative divisions
of Taiwan
First-level
Second-level
Third-level
Fourth-level
Fifth-level
  • Neighborhoods
Historical divisions of
Republic of China (1912–49)
Taiwan (1895–1945)

A county-controlled city, or county-administered city, (Chinese: 縣轄市; pinyin: xiànxiáshì) is a third level administrative division of Taiwan. On the same level as a Taiwanese township, it is the lowest-level city of Taiwan, below provincial city and special municipality. There are 14 county-controlled cities currently. A county-controlled city has urban villages (里) directly under it.

The two criteria of gaining county-administered city status:

  • population between 100,000 and 500,000[1] (except county seats in Taiwan Province)
  • advanced industry and commerce, sufficient funds, and advanced infrastructure

The population criterion was originally 50,000 in the 1940s, but was raised to 100,000 in 1959, again in 1977 to 150,000, and in 2015 it was lower back to 100,000.

At first, in late January 1946, there were only two county-controlled cities: Hualien and Yilan, which were both prefecture-controlled cities (州轄市) under Japanese Rule. (The ROC government did not create such cities on the Mainland before they relocated to Taiwan.) Currently Changhua County and Chiayi County have the most county-controlled cities with two each. For current county-controlled cities, see the table below:

County-administered cities in Taiwan[edit]

Romanization[2] Chinese Pinyin[2] Wade–Giles Tongyong Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Pha̍k-fa-sṳ County Establishment
Changhua 彰化市 Zhānghuà Shì Chang¹-hua⁴ Jhanghuà Chiong-hòa Chông-fa Changhua 1951-12-01
Douliu 斗六市 Dǒuliù Shì Tou³-liu⁴ Dǒuliòu Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk Yunlin 1981-12-25
Hualien 花蓮市 Huālián Shì Hua¹-lien² Hualián Hoa-liân Fâ-lièn Hualien 1946-01-16
Magong 馬公市 Mǎgōng Shì Ma³-kung¹ Mǎgong Má-keng Mâ-kûng Penghu 1981-12-25
Miaoli 苗栗市 Miáolì Shì Miao²-li⁴ Miáolì Biâu-le̍k Mèu-li̍t Miaoli 1981-12-25
Nantou 南投市 Nántóu Shì Nan²-t'ou² Nántóu Lâm-tâu Nàm-thèu Nantou 1981-12-25
Pingtung 屏東市 Píngdōng Shì P'ing²-tung¹ Píngdong Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng Pingtung 1951-12-01
Puzi 朴子市 Pūzǐ Shì P'u¹-tzu³ Puzǐh Phò-chú Phú-chṳ́ Chiayi 1992-09-10
Taibao 太保市 Tàibǎo Shì T'ai⁴-pao³ Tàibǎo Thài-pó Thai-pó Chiayi 1991-07-01
Taitung 臺東市 Táidōng Shì T'ai²-tung¹ Táidong Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng Taitung 1976-01-01
Toufen 頭份市 Tóufèn Shì T'ou²-fên⁴ Tóufèn Thâu-hūn Thèu-fun Miaoli 2015-10-05
Yilan 宜蘭市 Yílán Shì I²-lan² Yílán Gî-lân Ngì-làn Yilan 1946-01-16
Yuanlin 員林市 Yuánlín Shì Yüan²-lin² Yuánlín Oân-lîm Yèn-lìm Changhua 2015-08-08
Zhubei 竹北市 Zhúběi Shì Chu²-pei³ Jhúběi Tek-pak Tsuk-pet Hsinchu 1988-10-31

Townships with more 90,000[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Below, unless noted otherwise in parenthesis, the newly created cities were towns that exceeded the 150,000 criteria.

Date Addition Removal No. Description
January, 1946 Hualien
Yilan
2 Reform from the prefectural cities (州轄市; Zhōuxiá Shì) in the period under Japanese rule.
August 16, 1950 Chiayi 3 Downgraded from provincial city (省轄市; Shěngxiá Shì).
December 1, 1951 Changhua
Hsinchu
Pingtung
6 Downgraded from provincial cities (省轄市; Shěngxiá Shì).
April 1, 1962 Sanchong 7 The population requirement of county-controlled cities is set to 100,000.
Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
July 1, 1967[3] Zhongli 8 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
April 21, 1971[4] Taoyuan 9 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
July 1, 1972 Banqiao
Fengshan
11 Originally urban townships (; Zhèn).
January 1, 1976 Taitung 12 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
March 1, 1976 Fengyuan 13 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
January 1, 1979 Yonghe
Zhonghe
15 The population requirement of county-controlled cities changed to 150,000.
[Yonghe] Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
[Zhonghe] Originally rural township (鄉; Xiāng).
January 15, 1980 Xindian
Xinzhuang
17 Originally urban townships (; Zhèn).
December 25, 1981 Douliu
Magong
Miaoli
Nantou
Xinying
22 All county seats in Taiwan Province were upgraded from urban township ( Zhèn) to county-controlled cities.
July 1, 1982 Chiayi
Hsinchu
20 Upgraded to provincial cities (省轄市; Shěngxiá Shì).
October 31, 1988 Zhubei 21 Originally rural township (鄉; Xiāng), county seat.
July 1, 1991 Taibao 22 Originally rural township (鄉; Xiāng), county seat.
March 1, 1992 Pingzhen 23 Originally rural township (鄉; Xiāng).
September 10, 1992 Puzi 24 Originally rural township (; Xiāng), county seat.
May 1, 1993 Yongkang 25 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
June 26, 1993 Tucheng 26 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
November 1, 1993 Dali 27 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
January 1, 1995 Bade 28 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
August 1, 1996 Taiping 29 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
October 6, 1997 Luzhou 30 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
July 1, 1999 Xizhi 31 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
October 4, 1999 Shulin 32 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
August 1, 2010 Yangmei 33 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
December 25, 2010 Banqiao
Dali
Fengshan
Fengyuan
Luzhou
Sanchong
Shulin
Taiping
Tucheng
Xindian
Xinying
Xinzhuang
Xizhi
Yonghe
Yongkang
Zhonghe
17 New special municipalities established in Taipei County, Taichung, Tainan, and
Kaohsiung; all county-controlled cities in such places were upgraded into districts (; Qū).
June 3, 2014 Luzhu 18 Originally rural township (; Xiāng).
December 25, 2014 Bade
Luzhu
Pingzhen
Taoyuan
Yangmei
Zhongli
12 New special municipality established in Taoyuan County; all county-controlled cities
in such places were upgraded into districts (; Qū).
August 8, 2015 Yuanlin 13 The population requirement of county-controlled cities changed to 100,000.
Originally urban township (; Zhèn).
October 5, 2015 Toufen 14 Originally urban township (; Zhèn).

Lienchiang and Kinmen County do not have any city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]