City of wind (風城)
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Province||Taiwan Province (de facto dormant)|
|• Mayor||Lin Chih-chien (DPP)|
|• Total||104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20 out of 22|
|• Rank||15 of 22|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||TW-HSZ|
|Bird||Eurasian magpie (Pica pica)|
|Literal meaning||Bamboo Barrier|
Hsinchu[I] (Chinese: 新竹, Pinyin: Xīnzhú, Wade–Giles: Hsin¹-chu²) is a city in Taiwan. Hsinchu is the 7th largest city in Taiwan by population, with 446,701 inhabitants, and the largest not to be a special municipality. Hsinchu is a windy coastal city bordering the Taiwan Strait to the west, Hsinchu County to the north and east, and Miaoli County to the south.
The area was settled by Taiwanese indigenous peoples, with the settlement bearing the Hokkien name Tek-kham. The city was founded by Han settlers in 1711, and was renamed to its current form in 1878. During the Japanese Era, the city was made the seat of Shinchiku Prefecture, named after the city. The Republic of China regained control of Hsinchu after World War II.
In 1980, the Taiwanese government established the Hsinchu Science Park, a major industrial park, currently one of the world's most significant centers for semiconductor manufacturing, industrial and computer technology development. The park contributes a major proportion of Taiwan's GDP. This made Hsinchu a vital economic hub for the worldwide semiconductor industry; the headquarters of TSMC, world's largest independent semiconductor foundry, and United Microelectronics Corporation, are both located in the park.
Besides its industry, Hsinchu is also an important cultural center of Taiwan. The Chenghuang Temple of Hsinchu, built during the Kingdom of Tungning, is a common prayer destination. The research institutions of National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University and National Tsing Hua University are both located near the science park. In 2020, Hsinchu is classified as a "Sufficiency" level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
This name refers to the settlement's original Hokkien name Tek-chhàm (竹塹), meaning "bamboo barrier". The name may transcribe an aboriginal[which?] name meaning "Seashore". The same name is variously recorded as Teukcham, Teuxham, and Teckcham; its Mandarin pronunciation appears as Chuchien.
The area around Hsinchu was inhabited by the Taokas, Saisiyat, and Atayal aborigines when the Spanish occupied northern Taiwan in the 17th century. Catholic missionaries reached the settlement of Tek-kham in 1626. The Spanish were expelled by the Dutch a few decades later.
As part of the reorganization of Taiwan by Shen Baozhen, the viceroy of Liangjiang, Zhuqian Subprefecture (i.e., Tek-kham) was raised to the level of a county and renamed Xinzhu (i.e., Sin-tek or Hsinchu) in 1878. When Taiwan was made a province in 1887, Hsinchu was made a part of Taipeh Prefecture.
During the Japanese occupation following the First Sino-Japanese War, the city—known at the time as Shinchiku—was among the province's most populous. In 1904, its 16,371 residents ranked it in 7th place, behind Keelung and ahead of Changhua ("Shoka"). Shinchiku was raised to town status in 1920 and city status in 1930. At the same time, it became the seat of Shinchiku Prefecture. In 1941, its prefecture was expanded, annexing Xiangshan ("Kōzan"). Jiugang ("Kyūminato") and Liujia ("Rokka") merged to become Zhubei ("Chikuhoku").
Republic of China
In 1946, the Take-Over Committee dissolved and replaced by the Hsinchu County Government, located in Taoyuan. As the administrative districts were readjusted, Hsinchu was granted provincial city status. It used the old prefecture office as its city hall at 120 Chung Cheng Road. In February 1946, representative congresses were formed for seven district offices. On 15 April, the city congress was formed. Provincial representatives were elected from among the city legislators.
In June 1982, under presidential order, the Xiangshan Township of Hsinchu County merged into Hsinchu City. A new municipal government was formally established on 1 July 1982, comprising 103 villages and 1,635 neighborhoods. These were organized into the East, North, and Xiangshan districts by 1 November. By June 1983, the new government consisted of three bureaus (Civil Service, Public Works, and Education), four departments (Finance, Social Welfare, Compulsory Military Service, and Land Affairs), four offices (Secretary, Planning, Personnel, and Auditing), and 49 various sections. The Police Department, Tax Department, and Medicine and Hygiene Department were considered affiliate institutions.
From 1994 to 1999, as Taiwan made its transition from authoritarian rule to a representative democracy and the mostly pro forma provincial level of government began to be dissolved, regulations were established for the self-government of Hsinchu. A deputy mayor, consumer officer, and three consultants were added to the city government. In 2002, the city added a Bureau of Labor and transferred Compulsory Military Service to the Department of Civil Service.
Hsinchu's climate is humid subtropical (Koppen: Cfa). The city is located in a part of the island that has a rainy season that lasts from February to September, with the heaviest time coming late April through August during the southwest monsoon, and also experiences meiyu in May and early June. The city succumbs to hot humid weather from June until September, while October to December are arguably the most pleasant times of year. Hsinchu is affected by easterly winds off of the East China Sea. Natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes are common in the region.
|Climate data for Hsinchu City|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.3
|Average high °C (°F)||18.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.5
|Average low °C (°F)||12.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||64.5
|Average precipitation days||9.6||11.6||13.7||12.9||11.3||10.8||8.3||10.5||8.8||5.3||5.8||6.9||115.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||78.1||80.4||80.2||79.6||78.0||77.6||75.5||76.5||75.1||74.3||75.1||75.5||77.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||105.3||92.5||97.4||105.2||149.5||177.0||236.6||210.2||196.0||191.1||151.9||138.1||1,850.8|
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
Hsinchu City is administered as a city. North District is the seat of Hsinchu City which houses the Hsinchu City Government and Hsinchu City Council. The incumbent Mayor of Hsinchu City is Lin Chih-chien of the Democratic Progressive Party.
|Map||Name||Chinese||Hokkien||Hakka||Population (2016)||Area (km²)|
Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka within each division.
The purpose of the park is to attract high tech investment to Taiwan and to make the area the economic center for the information industry. The park is designed to cater for high quality R&D, production, work, life and also recreation. From its establishment in 1978, the government has invested over NT$30 billion on software and hardware ventures. In 2001, it developed 2.5 km2 (0.97 sq mi) of land in the park and 0.5 km2 (0.19 sq mi) in southern Hsinchu, attracting 312 high-tech companies' investments. Viewing the performance of Hsinchu Science Park in the past 21 years, it can be said that it holds a decisive position in the economic development in Taiwan, with international acclaim.
Although the semiconductor and related electronic businesses have been doing well, they face fierce competition from South Korea and the United States. This has resulted in lower profits and over-supply of some electronic products such as memory and semiconductors. Therefore, manufacturers, government, academia, and the R&D sectors all recognize the challenges faced by Taiwan's high-tech development. The government has endeavored to upgrade Hsinchu Science Park into a global manufacturing and R&D center of high-end products. They also plan to intensify the cooperation among the manufacturing, academic, and research sectors by introducing incubation centers, in order to elevate the technological standard in the park. Further, through the development of the northern, central, and southern industrial park and its satellite sites, it hopes to sow the seeds of high tech business in all of Taiwan, leading to a vigorous era of high tech development.
Hsinchu City is one of the most focused educational centers in northern Taiwan. It has six universities in this concentrated area and among these universities, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University and National Tsing Hua University are highly focused by government in Taiwan on its academic development. Other public and private educational institutions in the city included 33 elementary schools, 19 middle schools, 12 high school and complete secondary school.
International schools (grade school and secondary school)
- National Experimental High School
- National Hsinchu Senior High School
- National Hsinchu Girls' Senior High School
- National HsinChu Commercial Vocational High School
- National Hsinchu Senior Industrial Vocational School
- Hsinchu Municipal Chien Kung Senior High School
- Hsinchu Municipal Cheng Te Senior High School
- Hsinchu Municipal Hsiang Shan Senior High School
- Hsinchu Shu Guang Girls' Senior High School
- Hsinchu World Senior High School
- Hsinchu St. Peter High School
- Hsinchu Kuang-Fu Senior High School
- National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University
- National Tsing Hua University
- Chung Hua University
- Hsuan Chuang University
- Yuanpei University of Medical Technology
- National Hsinchu University of Education
- Aqueduct Museum of Hsinchu City
- Black Bat Squadron Memorial Hall
- Chenghuang Temple of Hsinchu
- Glass Museum of Hsinchu City
- Hsinchu City Art Site of Railway Warehouse
- Hsinchu CKS Baseball Stadium
- Hsinchu Museum of Military Dependents Village
- Hsinchu Fish Harbor
- Hsinchu Zoo
- National Hsinchu Living Arts Center
- 17 Kilometer Coastal Scenic Area
- Eighteen Peaks Mountain Park
- Hsinchu Eastern Gate
- Chenghuang Temple Night Market -
- Tsing Hus Night market
- Green Grass Lake
|Chenghuang Temple Night Market||Most of the old stands in Cheng-huang Temple are of 50-year-old history, the famous snacks here are Hsin-chu meat balls, pork balls, spring rolls, braised pork rice, cuttlefish thick soup, rice noodles, and cow tongue shaped cakes (quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, T.O.C.)||Cheng-huang Temple and fa-lian shrine square|
|Neiwan Old Street||Traditional Hakka restaurants and shops serve ginger lily-flavored glutinous rice dumplings, Hakka tea, and Hakka rice cakes.||Hengshan Town|
Hsinchu City is mainly served by Hsinchu TRA station along with five other minor TRA stations on both Western Trunk line and Neiwan Line. There is also a HSR station on the high-speed line from Taipei to Zuoying.
Hsinchu City has recently created a series of cycling routes to help cyclists navigate the city more easily. Hsinchu is home to many cycling clubs
Military air base in North District.
- Chi Cheng, the 1968 Olympic bronze medalist in track and field
- Yuan T. Lee, 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
- Chiang Hsiao-yen, Vice Premier (1997)
- Lin Cho-liang, Taiwanese American violinist
- Hsieh Su-Wei, Taiwanese tennis player and former World No. 1 in doubles
- Hebe Tien, solo artist and member of the S.H.E
- David Wu, member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the state of Oregon from 1999 until 2011.
- Cyndi Wang, singer
- Chen Qiaoen, singer, actress, 7F Member
- Lü Shao-chia, Taiwanese conductor
- Wen Shang-Yi, guitarist and leader of the band Mayday
Twin towns — sister cities
|Cary||North Carolina||United States||1993|
|Fairfield||New South Wales||Australia||1994|
|Chiayi City||Taiwan||Republic of China (Taiwan)||2002|
Words in native languages
- 《中華民國統計資訊網》縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- 新竹市統計月報 (in Chinese). Hsinchu City Government. Retrieved 9 July 2016.[dead link]
- 中華民國內政部戶政司 (1 May 2018). "中華民國 內政部戶政司 全球資訊網". 中華民國內政部戶政司. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
- "竹塹 Tik-tshàm". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 (in Chinese). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
- Wang, Erika (25 October 2007), "Hsinchu Owns Rich History, Culture, and Natural Resources", China Post, Taipei: China Post, archived from the original on 30 October 2013, retrieved 7 December 2019.
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (1879), "Formosa" harvp error: no target: CITEREFEncyclopaedia_Britannica,_9th_ed.1879 (help).
- Davidson, James W. (1903), The Island of Formosa, Past and Present: History, People, Resources, and Commercial Prospects: Tea, Camphor, Sugar, Gold, Coal, Sulphur, Economical Plants, and Other Productions, London: Macmillan, p. 211, OCLC 1887893, OL 6931635M, archived from the original on 8 January 2015, retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Rezoning Taiwan". Taiwan Today. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- "Monthly Mean Days of Precipitation". Climate Data. ROC Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on 3 December 2005. Retrieved 8 March 2006.
- "Rescuers hunt quake survivors". BBC. 21 September 1999. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
- "Recent Earthquakes Near Hsinchu, Taiwan, Taiwan". Archived from the original on 20 July 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Earthquakes Today". Archived from the original on 2 May 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
- 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
- "Geographic location". Hsinchu City Government. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". vote2016.cec.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- News, Taiwan. "Hsinchu highest salary in Taiwan, Taichung lo..." Taiwan News. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "Pacific American School". www.pacificamerican.org. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Hsinchu International School". hc.edu.tw. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Hsinchu American School". hc.edu.tw. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
- "Theme Tours - Department of Tourism Hsinchu City Government". hccg.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Eng.taiwan.net.tw". taiwan.net.tw. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Sister Cities". Hsinchu City Government. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Sarah Shair-Rosenfield (November 2020). "Taiwan combined" (PDF). The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 29 May 2021.