|City Seat||Taoyuan District|
|• Mayor||Cheng Wen-tsan (DPP)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Chiu Tai-san|
|• Total||1,220.9540 km2 (471.4130 sq mi)|
|Area rank||14 of 22|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Rank||5 of 22|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||Formosan blue magpie
Taoyuan (Chinese: 桃園市; pinyin: Táoyuán Shì), is a special municipality in northwestern Taiwan, neighboring New Taipei, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County. Taoyuan District is the seat of the municipal government and that which, along with Zhongli District, forms a large metropolitan area, home to many industrial parks and tech company headquarters. Taoyuan developed from a satellite city of Taipei metropolitan area to be the fourth-largest metropolitan area, and fifth-largest populated city in Taiwan. Since commuting to the Taipei metropolitan area is easy, Taoyuan has seen the fastest population growth of all cities in Taiwan.
"Taoyuan" means "peach garden," since the area used to have many peach blossom trees. Taoyuan is the native home to the Pingpu tribe of aborigines. It is also one of Taiwan's important industrial regions. Taipei Taoyuan International Airport, which serves the capital, Taipei and the rest of northern Taiwan, is located in this city.
The current city of Taoyuan achieved its current form in 2014 when the former Taoyuan County was elevated to special municipality status. At the same time, the original county-controlled city of Taoyuan became Taoyuan District within the new municipality.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Ethnic composition
- 4 Economy
- 5 Administration
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Government and Politics
- 8 Education
- 9 Sports
- 10 Transportation
- 11 International relations
- 12 Relative location
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Anciently, the Taoyuan plateau was the home of the Taiwanese plains aborigines. In prehistory, the Ketagalan people settled in Nankan (南崁). In the early years of Dutch colonization, Spanish colonization, and Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty, there were no large-scale cultivation or industrial activities. During the Qing era, a number of people from Fujian Province and Guangdong province began to immigrate into present-day Taoyuan to develop and farm the land. They planted peach trees, which, when fully bloomed in spring, were so beautiful that the people named the land Toahong (桃仔園; pinyin: Táozǐyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thô-á-hn̂g; literally: "peach orchard").
Empire of Japan (1895–1945)
In November 1901, under Japanese rule, a local administrative office, Toshien Cho (桃仔園廳), was established in the area. In 1909, the number of Cho were reduced and the local unit was renamed Tōen Chō (桃園廳?). In 1920, the Tōen area was incorporated into Shinchiku Prefecture.
During the Japanese era, the staged migration policy caused Taoyuan to develop into a city with a variety of cultures. For example, temples and worship paths (currently the Taoyuan Martyrs Shrine) symbolized cultural systems. Wude Temple (武德殿) was used to represent military systems, and the old Taoyuan City Office signified political systems.
Republic of China (1945–present)
In 1950, Taoyuan County was established by the Republic of China government. At the edge of the Greater Taipei region, this caused some structural and lifestyle changes within Taiwanese society. Trade prosperity in recent years and the proliferation of job opportunities helped Taoyuan develop into a major economic district in northern Taiwan and the population has increased ever since. As part of the Ten Major Construction Projects pursued by the government in the 1970s, Taipei Taoyuan International Airport opened on February 26, 1979. With large numbers of passengers and increasing freight transport, Taoyuan International Airport is now the most important international gateway to Taiwan.
Taoyuan is located approximately 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Taipei, in northern Taiwan, and occupies 1,220 km2. It is made up of low-lying plains, interconnected mountains and plateaus. Its shape has a long and narrow southeast-to-northwest trend, with the southeast in the Xueshan Range and the far end on the shores of the Taiwan Strait.
Taoyuan has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm winters and hot summers, typical of northern Taiwan.
(The climate data of Taipei City is shown below for reference due to the city's proximity to Taipei.)
|Climate data for Taipei (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||16.1
|Average low °C (°F)||13.9
|Average relative humidity (%)||78.5||80.6||79.5||77.8||76.6||77.3||73||74.1||75.8||75.3||75.4||75.4||76.61|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||80.6||71.3||89.6||92.6||113.7||121.7||179||188.9||153.7||124||99.4||90.7||1,405.2|
|Source: Central Weather Bureau|
As of the rest of Taiwan, the Hoklos is one of the largest ethnic groups of Taoyuan, most of whom lives in northern Taoyuan (北桃園), which comprises most northern districts of the city, including Bade, Daxi, Dayuan, Guishan and Luzhu, and the city seat, Taoyuan District.
The Hakkas are the second-largest ethnic group in the city after the Hoklos, most of them residing in southern Taoyuan (南桃園), which includes Zhongli, Pingzhen, Pingzhen, Longtan, Guanyin and Xinwu sistricts. With more than 785,000 Hakka people, Taoyuan holds the largest Hakka population among all of Taiwan's administrative divisions.
After the Chinese Civil War, many people from mainland China (unaffectionately referred to as "Waishengren") settled in the then-Taoyuan County after the retreat of the nationalist government in 1949. Most of them live in Military dependents' villages in Zhongli, Pingzhen and Guishan. Longgang is well known for its immigrants from Yunnan, featuring many Yunnan-style restaurants.
Taoyuan is one of the Taiwan's top industrial and technology city. High-tech companies including Quanta, MiTAC, Inotera, Nanya Technology, HTC, CPT and AU Optronics have all opted to build or expand their factories in Taoyuan. Taoyuan has now become a bastion of global electronics, optoelectronics display and semiconductor manufacturing. Over 200 of Taiwan's top 500 manufacturing companies have factories in Taoyuan. Taoyuan has also led Taiwan in terms of industrial output for nine straight years.
There are now 29 (registered) industrial areas with 3,696 ha of non-urban industrial land and 3,131 ha of urban industrial land. There are over 6,827 ha of land available for factories and industrial use in the city, representing the fact that Taoyuan's development bureau is based on industry and commerce. There are also 9 sites (57 ha) for mixed industrial-commercial use, the most of any county and city in Taiwan.
On March 26, 2010, China Airlines moved into its new headquarters on the grounds of Taipei Taoyuan International Airport and in Dayuan Township in Taoyuan County (now Dayuan District, Taoyuan). EVA Air maintains its headquarters in Luzhu District. Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation, Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp., and Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation, subsidiaries of Evergreen Group, are headquartered in Dayuan.
Taoyuan City is divided into 12 districts and 1 mountain indigenous district.
|Romanized name||Land Area (in km2)||Population|
|Bade District (八德區)||33.71||181,431|
|Daxi District (大溪區)||105.14||91,887|
|Dayuan District (大園區)||87.39||84,531|
|Fuxing District (復興區)||350.78||10,913|
|Guanyin District (觀音區)||87.98||63,602|
|Guishan District (龜山區)||72.01||141,998|
|Longtan District (龍潭區)||75.23||116,211|
|Luzhu District (蘆竹區)||75.50||151,354|
|Pingzhen District (平鎮區)||47.75||212,328|
|Taoyuan District (桃園區)||34.80||417,366|
|Xinwu District (新屋區)||85.02||48,058|
|Yangmei District (楊梅區)||89.12||157,200|
|Zhongli District (中壢區)||76.52||381,449|
Prior to its upgrade to become municipality on 25 December 2014, Taoyuan County used to have 6 county-controlled cities (Bade, Luzhu, Pingzhen, Taoyuan, Yangmei, Zhongli), 1 urban township (Daxi), 5 rural townships (Dayuan, Guanyin, Guishan, Longtan, Xinwu), and 1 Mountain indigenous township (Fuxing).
Shihmen Reservoir (traditionally spelled "Shihmen") (石門水庫) is one of Taiwan's major reservoirs. Once the largest water conservancy project in Southeast Asia, visitors may find many restaurants open near the reservoir serving fresh reservoir fish delicacies. There is also a three km-long bicycle track surrounding the back pond. Shimen Reservoir provides almost all of the water in Taoyuan, as well as to New Taipei City's Xinzhuang, Banqiao, and Linkou districts.
Daxi Old Street
Window on China Theme Park
The Window on China Theme Park (小人國主題樂園) is one of Taiwan's earliest theme parks, established in 1984. The park consists of three areas: Mini World, Water Park, and Amusement Park. The park features numerous small-scale replicas of many famous world landmarks.
Lalashan (拉拉山) is one of Taiwan's "natural protection zones," including 500- to 2,800-year-old divine trees and the "No. 5 Divine Tree," which predates Confucius.
Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine
Taoyuan Martyrs' Shrine (桃園忠烈祠) is one of the best-kept Shinto shrines outside of Japan.
Government and Politics
In 2001, Eric Chu of the Kuomintang defeated Democratic Progressive Party incumbent Peng Shao-Chin in the race for Taoyuan County magistrate. Peng had inherited the magistrate position after Annette Lu vacated the post to serve as vice president. Chu ran for re-election in 2005 and defeated DPP challenger Pao-Ching Cheng, CEO of the Taiwan Salt Company.
After the upgrade of Taoyuan County to Taoyuan City, Cheng Wen-Tsan of the DPP won the 2014 Taoyuan City mayoralty election, on November 29, 2014, and became the city's first mayor, starting December 25, 2014.
1996 presidential election
2000 presidential election
|Independent||James Soong||Chang Chau-Hsiung||413,370||43.83%|
|Kuomintang||Lien Chan||Vincent Siew||208,881||22.15%|
|New Party||Li Ao||Elmer Fung||1,140||0.12%|
|Independent||Hsu Hsin-Liang||Josephine Chu||20,581||2.18%|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Chen Shui-Bian||Annette Lu||299,120||31.72%|
2004 Presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Chen Shui-Bian||Annette Lu||448,770||44.68%|
|Kuomintang||Lien Chan||James Soong||555,688||55.32%|
2008 presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Frank Hsieh||Su Tseng-Chang||379,416||35.36%|
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-Jeou||Vincent Siew||693,602||64.64%|
2012 presidential election
|Democratic Progressive Party||Tsai Ing-Wen||Su Jia-Chyuan||445,308||39.85%|
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-Jeou||Wu Den-Yih||639,151||57.20%|
|Independent (or seen as PFP)||James Soong||Lin Ruey-Shiung||32,927||2.95%|
- Central Police University
- National Central University
- National Defense University
- National Taiwan Sport University
- Chang Gung University
- Ching Yun University 
- Chung Yuan Christian University
- Kainan University
- Lunghwa University of Science and Technology
- Vanung University
- Yuan Ze University
- Army Academy R.O.C.
- Republic of China Army Communication, Electronics and Information School
- Republic of China Army Chemical School
- Republic of China Army Logistics School
- Republic of China Military Police School
Public high schools
- National Chungli High School
- National Neili Senior High School
- National Taoyuan Senior High School
- National Wuling Senior High School
- National Yangmei Senior High School
- National Yangming Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Dasi Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Dayuan International Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Nankan Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Pingjhen Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Shoushan Senior High School
- Taoyuan City Yungfong Senior High School
Junior high schools
Industry and environment
Taoyuan is home to the Lamigo Monkeys, CPBL, team, which plays its home games at the Taoyuan International Baseball Stadium. The then-Taoyuan County is also the birthplace of Taiwanese professional golfer Yani Tseng and taekwondo athlete Chu Mu-Yen.
- Taoyuan Taolin Railroad (Linkou Line)
- The Taoyuan Taolin Railroad is a railway branch line in Taiwan run by the Taiwan Railway Administration. It is located in Taoyuan and New Taipei City.
Mass Rapid Transit
A rapid transit system is under construction. (See Taoyuan Mass Rapid Transit System.)
- Lines and stations of the Taoyuan MRT System:
|Taoyuan Airport MRT||Taipei||Sanchong||4.1||53.5||Under construction|
|Blue||Airport Terminal 2||Huanbei||17||25.4||Under construction|
|Orange||Main Line||Shanzaiding||Huiji Jr High||22.7||Planning|
|Dingpu||Fongming Jr High||13.2||18.6||Planning|
|Fongming Jr High||Mayuan||5.4||Planning|
Taipei Taoyuan International Airport at Dayuan District is the largest airport in Taiwan. It serves as the main international hub for China Airlines and EVA Air. Taipei Taoyuan handled a total of 25,114,418 passengers in 2010. It is the fifteenth-busiest air freight hub in the world and thirteenth-busiest airport by international passenger traffic. Taipei Taoyuan International Airport currently has two terminals which are connected by two, short people movers. A third terminal is planned, and a rapid transit system currently under construction will link the terminals together underground.
Twin towns — Sister cities
|Taiwan Strait||New Taipei City|
- "Taoyuan City". tycg.gov.tw.
- "桃園縣103年改制直轄市 名為「桃園市」". The Epoch Times. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "農田水利入口網". coa.gov.tw.
- "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.
- "Overview of the Overall Industrial and Commercial Development".MIT Taoyuan.
- "move.htm." China Airlines. Retrieved on 15 March 2010.
- "China Airlines Inaugurates CAL Park at Taoyuan Airport." China Airlines. 26 March 2010. Retrieved on 26 March 2010.
- "Evergreen Club." EVA Air. 24/28. Retrieved on 21 May 2009.
- "Contact Us." Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
- "Contact Us." Evergreen Airlines Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
- "Company Location." Evergreen Air Cargo Services Corporation. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taoyuan City.|
- Taoyuan City Government official website (Chinese)
- Taoyuan City Government official website (English)