Czech Academy of Sciences

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Czech Academy of Sciences
Akademie věd České republiky
Established 1784 Royal Czech Society of Sciences
1953 Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences
1992 Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
President Prof. Eva Zažímalová
Administrative staff
Location Prague, Czech Republic

The Czech Academy of Sciences (abbr. CAS, Czech: Akademie věd České republiky, abbr. AV ČR) was established in 1992 by the Czech National Council as the Czech successor of the former Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and its tradition goes back to the Royal Bohemian Society of Sciences (founded in 1784) and the Emperor Franz Joseph Czech Academy for Sciences, Literature and Arts (founded in 1890).The Academy is the leading non-university public research institution in the Czech Republic. It conducts both fundamental and strategic applied research.

It has three scientific divisions, namely the Division of Mathematics, Physics, and Earth Sciences, Division of Chemical and Life Sciences, and Division of Humanities and Social Sciences. The Academy currently manages a network of sixty research institutes and five supporting units staffed by a total of 6,400 employees, over one half of whom are university-trained researchers and Ph.D. scientists.

The Head Office of the Academy and forty research institutes are located in Prague, the remaining institutes being situated throughout the country.

Institutes of AS CR[edit]

The main building of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague
A radioteleskop of the Astronomical Institute in Ondřejov
Jiří Drahoš, the president of the Czech Academy of Sciences between 2009 and 2017

The official structure of the AS CR consists of three areas (sciences about inanimate nature, life sciences, and humanities), each with three sections. Each of these 9 sections contains from 4 up to 8 institutes. An institut splits further to departments, laboratories, or working teams, depending on the size and the topic of the institute.

The Area of the Sciences About Inanimate Nature[edit]

Section 1: Mathematics, Physics, and Informatics[edit]

Section 2: Applied Physics[edit]

  • Institute of Photonics and Electronics AS CR
  • Institute of Physics of Materials AS CR
  • Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR
  • Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR
  • Institute of Scientific Instruments AS CR
  • Institute of Thermomechanics AS CR
  • Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics AS CR

Section 3: Earth Sciences[edit]

  • Geophysical Institute AS CR
  • Institute of Geology of the AS CR
  • Institute of Atmospheric Physics AS CR, established in 1964
  • Institute of Geonics AS CR
  • Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics AS CR

The Area of Life Sciences and Chemical Sciences[edit]

Section 4: Chemical Sciences[edit]

Section 5: Biological and Medical Sciences[edit]

  • Institute of Biophysics AS CR
  • Biotechnology Institute of the AS CR
  • Institute of Physiology AS CR
  • Institute of Microbiology AS CR
  • Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR
  • Institute of Experimental Medicine AS CR
  • Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR
  • Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics AS CR

Section 6: Biological and Ecological Sciences[edit]

  • Biology Centre of the AS CR
  • Institute of Botany AS CR
  • Institute of Vertebrate Biology AS CR
  • Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology of the AS CR

The Area of Humanities and Social Sciences[edit]

Section 7: Social Sciences and Economy[edit]

Section 8: History[edit]

  • Institute of Archaeology of the AS CR (Prague)
  • Institute of Archaeology of the AS CR (Brno)
  • Institute of History AS CR
  • Masaryk's Institute and Archives AS CR
  • Institute of Art History of the AS CR
  • Institute of Contemporary History AS CR

Section 9: Humanities and Philosophy[edit]

  • Institute of Ethnology AS CR
  • Institute of Philosophy AS CR
  • Oriental Institute AS CR
  • Institute of Slavonic Studies AS CR
  • Institute of Czech Literature AS CR
  • Institute of Czech Language of the AS CR, (Ústav pro jazyk český), founded in 1946


  • Franc, Martin; Mádlová, Vlasta (2014). The History of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Pictures / Dějiny Akademie věd v obrazech (in English and Czech). Prague: Academia. ISBN 9788020023407. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°04′53″N 14°24′51″E / 50.08139°N 14.41417°E / 50.08139; 14.41417