International Arctic Science Committee
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|International Council for Science (ICSU)|
|Website||IASC Official website|
The International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) is a non-governmental organization which is composed of international science groups participating in arctic science research. IASC is an International Scientific Associate of ICSU, and was established in 1990. IASC's main aim is to initiate, develop, and coordinate leading edge scientific activity in the Arctic region, and on the role of the Arctic in the Earth system. It also provides objective and independent scientific advice to the Arctic Council and other organizations on issues of science affecting the management of the Arctic region. The decision-making organs of IASC are the Council and the Executive Committee. The day-to-day operations are supported by its secretariat headed by the executive secretary. IASC's geographical remit covers the Arctic Ocean and the surrounding landmasses.
Since the founding of IASC, the scientific, environmental, economic and political realities of the North have changed dramatically. New problems and challenges ask for new or improved scientific knowledge. This increased need for knowledge of the arctic region has made international cooperation even more essential. In this light IASC has established five Working Groups (WG) that will identify scientific priorities and initiate and stimulate cross-disciplinary initiatives. The Working Groups are ‘living’ groups that rise and fall according to the scientific need of the community. The five Working Groups are:
- Terrestrial WG
- Cryosphere WG
- Marine/AOSB WG
- Atmosphere WG
- Social and Human WG
Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) The ASSW is an initiative of IASC and organized in cooperation with the Pacific Arctic Group (PAG), the International Arctic Social Sciences Association (IASSA), the European Polar Board (EPB) and the Forum of Arctic Research Operators (FARO). The purpose of the summit is to provide opportunities for coordination, collaboration and cooperation in all areas of arctic science, and to combine science and management meetings to save on travel and time. The ASSW also offers insight into arctic research undertaken by the host country.
In 2009, the first Science Symposium was held in Bergen, Norway during the Arctic Science Summit Week. The three-day symposium created a platform for exchanging knowledge, cross fertilization and collaboration. Considering the great success of this event, which attracted 300 scientists, students, policy makers and other professionals from over the world, the Science Symposium will take place at the ASSW every other year. The next ASSW with a Science Symposium will take place in March 2011 in Seoul (Republic of Korea).
IASC was founded in 1990 by representatives of national scientific organizations of the eight Arctic countries - Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia (at that time Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Sweden and the United States of America. The Founding Articles of IASC were signed in Resolute Bay, Canada Over the years, IASC has evolved into the leading international science organization of the North and its membership today includes 23 countries involved in all aspects of Arctic research, including 15 non-Arctic countries (Austria, China, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland and the UK). In the context of its 25th anniversary in 2015, IASC published a comprehensive history spanning the first planning meetings in the late 1980s until today: Rogne, O., Rachold, V., Hacquebord, L., Corell, R. (2015) IASC after 25 year - A Quarter of a Century of International Arctic Research Cooperation. International Arctic Science Committee. 125 pp.
|Austria||Austrian Polar Research Institute||Wolfgang Schöner|
|Canada||Canadian Polar Commission||Wayne Pollard|
|China||Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration||Huigeng Yang, Vice-President|
|Czech Republic||Centre for Polar Ecology||Josef Elster|
|Denmark/Greenland||The Commission for Scientific Research in Greenland||Naja Mikkelsen, Vice-President|
|Finland||Delegation of the Finnish Academies of Science and Letters||Kari Laine|
|France||Institut Polaire Français||Yves Frenot|
|Germany||Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft||Karin Lochte|
|Iceland||RANNÍS, The Icelandic Centre for Research||Thorsteinn Gunnarsson|
|India||National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR)||M. Ravichandran|
|Italy||National Research Council of Italy||Carlo Brabante|
|Japan||Science Council of Japan, National Institute of Polar Research||Tetsuo Ohata|
|Netherlands||Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research||Peter Jordan|
|Norway||The Research Council of Norway||Susan Barr, President|
|Poland||Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee on Polar Research||Jacek Jania|
|Portugal||Ministério da Educação e Ciência||João Canario|
|Russia||The Russian Academy of Sciences||Vladimir I Pavlenko, Vice-President|
|South Korea||Korea Polar Research Institute||Yeadong Kim|
|Spain||Comite Polar Espanol||Manuel Catalan|
|Sweden||The Swedish Research Council||Magnus Friberg|
|Switzerland||Swiss Committee on Polar Research||Martin Schneebeli|
|United Kingdom||Natural Environment Research Council||Henry Burgess|
|United States||Polar Research Board||Larry Hinzman, Vice-President|
- IASC Integrating Arctic Research. Retrieved 06/06/2015.
- ICSU - Scientific Associate: IASC. Retrieved 06/06/2015.
- Kintisch, Eli (12/16/15). "Cold War in a Warming Place". Science & Diplomacy. 4 (4). Check date values in:
- Berkman, Paul (2014-06-23). "Stability and Peace in the Arctic Ocean through Science Diplomacy". Science & Diplomacy. 3 (2).
- IASC Working Groups. Retrieved 06/06/2015.