Darayya

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Darayya, Dimashq

داريّا، الغوطة الغربية، دمشق
Fog everywhere.jpg
Darayya is located in Syria
Darayya
Darayya
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°27′N 36°15′E / 33.450°N 36.250°E / 33.450; 36.250
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq Governorate
DistrictDarayya District
NahiyahDarayya
Government
 • MayorMarwan Ubeid
Elevation
689 m (2,260 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)
 • Total78,763
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateBSk

Darayya (Arabic: داريا‎) is a suburb of Damascus in Syria, the centre of Darayya lying 8 km (5.0 miles) south-west of the centre of Damascus. Administratively it belongs to Rif Dimashq.

The city had a population of 78,763 as of 2005, making it the 19th largest city per geographical entity in Syria.[1] Darayya has an altitude of 689 metres (2,260 feet). It is one of the oldest cities in Syria, reportedly the place where Paul the Apostle had his conversion (30s AD), "on Damascus road". Patriarch Gregory III Laham, the current leader of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church was born here on 15 December 1933 as Lutfy Laham.

Darayya during Syrian Civil War[edit]

Darayya has seen heavy fighting during the Syrian Civil War. The city was an early hotspot for anti-government protests. In August 2012, opposition groups denounced that government forces performed a mass killing that was later known as Darayya massacre,[2][3] and a second time on 4 January 2013.[4] However, as of summer 2013 fighting continued in the city with most of the municipality controlled by the armed opposition forces.[5]

By mid-2016, the Syrian Army controlled approximately 65% of Darayya, steadily advancing and tightening the siege.[6] In August 2016, an agreement allowed for the evacuation of rebel fighters as well as civilians.[7] Some 700 rebels were safely transported to the rebel stronghold city of Idlib in the north.[8] This agreement was essentially a rebel surrender.

Amid the constant bombings and conflict, a group of young people (mostly former college students) have founded an underground public library that has amassed a collection of more than 15,000 books. Most of the books were found in the rubble of ruined houses, and the librarians are documenting the name of the homeowner so that the books can be returned after the war.[9]

Climate[edit]

Darayya has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk). Rainfall is higher in winter than in summer. The average annual temperature in Darraya is 17.1 °C (62.8 °F). About 211 mm (8.31 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Darraya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
14.0
(57.2)
17.9
(64.2)
22.8
(73.0)
28.6
(83.5)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
35.8
(96.4)
32.1
(89.8)
27.1
(80.8)
20.0
(68.0)
14.3
(57.7)
24.5
(76.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.5
(47.3)
11.6
(52.9)
15.6
(60.1)
20.4
(68.7)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.2
(66.6)
13.5
(56.3)
9.1
(48.4)
17.1
(62.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.0
(37.4)
5.3
(41.5)
8.4
(47.1)
12.2
(54.0)
15.4
(59.7)
16.9
(62.4)
17.1
(62.8)
14.5
(58.1)
11.4
(52.5)
7.1
(44.8)
4.0
(39.2)
9.8
(49.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.9)
38
(1.5)
26
(1.0)
13
(0.5)
7
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(0.3)
28
(1.1)
44
(1.7)
211
(8.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004[permanent dead link]. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Mahmood, Mona; Harding, Luke (28 August 2012). "Syria's worst massacre: Daraya death toll reaches 400". theguardian.com.
  3. ^ Сирия пересчитывает расстрелянных (Коммерсантъ, 27 августа 2012)
  4. ^ Сирийские войска вытеснили боевиков с юго-запада Дамаска Archived 6 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  5. ^ Эвакуация раненого солдата под Дамаском Archived 10 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Fadel, Leith (5 August 2016). "Syrian Army seizes large chunks of strategic west Damascus town". Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Syria Darayya: Deal reached to evacuate besieged town". bbc.com. 26 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Rebels to surrender Syrian town of Darayya to Assad's forces". theguardian.com. 25 August 2016.
  9. ^ https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/syria/.premium.MAGAZINE-fighting-isis-and-assad-in-a-secret-library-amid-the-rubble-1.5461877
  10. ^ "Climate: Quneitra". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 August 2018. }}

External links[edit]

  • Darayya, Rif Dimashq Video of bombardment of Darayya during the Syrian civil war - YouTube.
  • [1] Syria's secret library - BBC News

Coordinates: 33°27′N 36°15′E / 33.450°N 36.250°E / 33.450; 36.250