|Occupation||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Elevation||367 m (1,204 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Jarabulus (Arabic: جرابلس / ALA-LC: Jarābulus; Kurdish: Cerablus or Kaniya Dil; North Syrian Arabic: Jrāblos), is a Syrian city administratively belonging to Aleppo Governorate. Jarabulus, also known as Jerablus, has an altitude of 367 m asl and lies on the western bank of the river Euphrates. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), it had a population of 11,570 in the 2004 census. It is located North of the Lake Assad, just South of the Syrian-Turkish border.
The original AD 18th century form of the toponym seems to have been "Djerabis", later found however as "Djeraboolos" or "Djerablus", probably deriving from a Hierapolis (which is modern Manbij to the South-West). In the Bronze and Iron Ages the archaeological site lying just North of Jarabulus (half of which is now in Turkey) was called "Karkemish", in Greek and Roman times the ancient name of the city was "Europos" (Εὐρωπός), which must have been at the origin of the modern form of the toponym Jerabis. Aside from this, the Kurdish name "Kaniya Dil" means "spring of heart", where the root "kani" means spring or well and "dil" is a Kurdish word for heart.
Following the outbreak of the Syrian civil war, the Syrian opposition took it over along with its border post with Turkey on July 20, 2012. However, since early July 2013, the town has been controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. By January 2014, rebels were engaging in clashes with ISIS and seized the town, but ISIS was able to recapture it within hours.
Attempts by the kurdish YPG to seize Jarabulus were prevented by President Erdoğan, who, according to media reports, had threatened in 2015 to attack the YPG with the Turkish Armed Forces, if they threaten Jarabulus. This move secured ISIS control.
- Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World
- "جرابلس (Kaniya Dil , Cerablus)". 19 July 2015.
- Koç, Nilüfer (December 2015). "Steht die Ära der KurdInnen bevor? (Is the era of the Kurds approaching?)". Kurdistan Report No.182. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- The Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham Expands Into Rural Northern Syria Joshualandis.com, 18 July 2013
- The secret jihadi smuggling route through Turkey CNN, 5 November 2013
- Syrian rebels push Qaeda affiliate from northwest stronghold Chicago Tribune (Reuters), 17 January 2014
- David Graeber: "Turkey could cut off Islamic State’s supply lines. So why doesn’t it?" The Guardian 18 November 2015