Dongshan County

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Dongshan County
东山县
County
Dongshan Guandi Temple
Dongshan Guandi Temple
Dongshan is located in Fujian
Dongshan
Dongshan
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 23°41′58″N 117°25′13″E / 23.69944°N 117.42028°E / 23.69944; 117.42028Coordinates: 23°41′58″N 117°25′13″E / 23.69944°N 117.42028°E / 23.69944; 117.42028
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
Prefecture-level city Zhangzhou
Area
 • Total 194 km2 (75 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 200,000
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

About this sound Dongshan  (simplified Chinese: 东山县; traditional Chinese: 東山縣; pinyin: Dōngshān Xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tang-soaⁿ-koān) is a county of far southern Fujian Province, China, located along the Taiwan Strait.[1] It comprises 44 islands for a total area of 194 square kilometres (75 sq mi) and is under the administration of Zhangzhou City. The total population was 200,000.[when?] Dongshan County has jurisdiction over seven towns, a nationally managed forest and an economic and technological development district.[2] It is an important port for international trade and trade with Taiwan.

History[edit]

On one of the islands, there are several ancient relics, including the 'Mountain of the Nine Immortals', and the Dongshan ancient city, where two famous Ming Dynasty generals, Qi Jiguang and Zheng Chenggong were based.[citation needed]

Tongling Town on Northeastern Dongshan Island has an ancient waterside castle. Tonghshan Castle was built of stone in 1387 by Zhou Dexing of the Ming Dynasty to protect against Japanese pirates. The gate tower still stands intact. Inside, a path is linked by corridors and the exquisite Temple of Guan Yu. The entrance to the temple is flanked by ancient houses, the birthplace of Huang Daozhou, an official of the Ming Dynasty.[3]

In 1950, at the end of the Chinese Civil War, the island was the scene of fighting between the nationalist Kuomintang and Chinese Communist forces, and again in 1953 during the so called Dongshan Island Campaign, an unsuccessful attempt by the nationalists to retake the island.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Dongshan County is situated between two economically vibrant cities of Xiamen and Shantou. Both are Special Economic Zones which have spillover economic effects for Dongshan County, such as increased tourism. The total GDP of islands in 2003 was 3.62 billion yuan. The main industries are fishery, fish farming and asparagus farming. The tourism industry is based on rich ancient history, seaside resorts and breath taking scenery.[2]

Administration[edit]

There are seven towns (镇, zhen) under the county's administration:

  • Xibu (西埔镇), the county seat
  • Tongling (铜陵镇), former county seat
  • Qianlou (前楼镇)
  • Chencheng (陈城镇)
  • Kangmei (康美镇)
  • Zhangtang (樟塘镇)
  • Xingchen (杏陈镇)

The county has jurisdiction over a nationally managed forest and an economic and technological development district.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Dongshan is located in the southernmost part of the province, with Kaohsiung, Taiwan 110 nautical miles (200 km; 130 mi) to the east and Hong Kong 210 nautical miles (390 km; 240 mi) to the southwest.

The climate of the Dongshan Islands is humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) and moderated by their coastal location, without frost through the year. In winter, north-east winds, and in summer south-east winds prevail. The annual average temperature is 20.9 °C (69.6 °F). The coolest month of the year is February with an average temperature of 13.1 °C (55.6 °F); the hottest, July, with an average temperature of 27.5 °C (81.5 °F). The annual average rainfall is only 1,256 millimetres (49.4 in), which causes a shortage of fresh water, especially from October to January. Additional water must be acquired from outside for both domestic and industrial use.[2]

Climate data for Dongshan County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
28.4
(83.1)
30.0
(86)
32.5
(90.5)
34.1
(93.4)
35.6
(96.1)
35.5
(95.9)
34.4
(93.9)
35.0
(95)
31.6
(88.9)
28.0
(82.4)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61)
18.1
(64.6)
22.3
(72.1)
26.0
(78.8)
28.8
(83.8)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
29.7
(85.5)
26.8
(80.2)
22.8
(73)
18.5
(65.3)
23.9
(75.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59)
19.1
(66.4)
23.1
(73.6)
26.1
(79)
27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
23.8
(74.8)
19.8
(67.6)
15.6
(60.1)
20.9
(69.6)
Average low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
11.2
(52.2)
12.9
(55.2)
16.9
(62.4)
21.1
(70)
24.2
(75.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.5
(76.1)
21.8
(71.2)
17.8
(64)
13.7
(56.7)
18.8
(65.9)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.0
(41)
5.0
(41)
7.1
(44.8)
14.5
(58.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.4
(70.5)
21.1
(70)
17.9
(64.2)
14.1
(57.4)
9.0
(48.2)
4.7
(40.5)
4.6
(40.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.4
(1.236)
65.1
(2.563)
89.8
(3.535)
135.7
(5.343)
152.7
(6.012)
210.0
(8.268)
139.4
(5.488)
217.4
(8.559)
102.0
(4.016)
49.5
(1.949)
33.2
(1.307)
29.6
(1.165)
1,255.8
(49.441)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.5 9.9 12.4 12.6 13.9 14.0 9.3 11.0 8.3 3.7 3.8 4.6 110.0
Source: Weather China [4]

Transport[edit]

Dongshan Port is one of the main ports in Fujian, open to foreign vessels since 2003 and very close to Taiwan and Hong Kong. The port has a large body of water, large hinterland, and a deep, sediment-free harbour. The harbour is big enough for twenty-two 10,000 tons berths. Currently,[when?] the port has two deep water harbours built to accommodate 3,000 tons berths. These facilities provide Dongshan Port an important commercial link between Xiamen and Shantou.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dongshan Island - A Natural Wonderland". Diedao.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  2. ^ a b c d Case Study Reports 5 Global Environmental Forum (GEF), Japan, n.d.
  3. ^ "Zhangzhou - Fujian Province travel guide - China travel guide, Fujian China travel services, Fujian tours". Chinaplanner.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  4. ^ 东山城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 

External links[edit]