Douglas Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking

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Douglas Hewitt Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking OBE, PC, DL, JP (4 August 1884 – 29 July 1950) was a British Conservative politician.

Early life and military career[edit]

Educated at Giggleswick School and Manchester University, he was commissioned in the East Lancashire Regiment in August 1914 and served two years in France during World War I. He was mentioned in despatches and was appointed to the Order of the British Empire as an Officer (OBE) in the 1919 New Year Honours.[1][2] In World War II, from 1940 to 1944, he served with the 5th Battalion Surrey Home Guard.

Political career[edit]

Hacking was elected as Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for the Chorley Division of Lancashire in December 1918 and sat for the constituency until June 1945.

He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Sir James Craig at the Ministry of Pensions in 1920 and at the Admiralty from 1920–1921; then to Sir Laming Worthington-Evans as Secretary of State for War from 1921-1922. He was Vice-Chamberlain of the Household from 1922–1924 and from November 1924-December 1925; Conservative Whip, 1922-1925.

He held junior ministerial office as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, and Representative of the Office of Works in the House of Commons from 1925–1927; as Secretary for Overseas Trade, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade, and Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1927–1929; as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, 1933–1934; as Financial Secretary to the War Office, 1934–1935; and as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1935-1936.

He appointed to be a Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant for the County of Surrey in 1940.[3]

He was created a Baronet, of Altham in the County Palatine of Lancaster in the 1938 Birthday Honours,[4] was sworn of the Privy Council in the 1929 Dissolution Honours[5] and was raised to the peerage as Baron Hacking, of Chorley in the County Palatine of Lancaster in the 1945 Dissolution Honours.[6]

Other positions held[edit]

He was a Member of Empire Parliamentary Delegation to South Africa, 1924; Chairman of Home Office Committee on Compensation for Silicosis, 1926; Chairman of Home Office Committee on Taxicabs (Conditions of Licensing, etc.), 1927; Chairman of Committee on redistribution of Royal Ordnance Factories, 1934; Chancellor of the Primrose League, 1931; Vice-Chairman, National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1930–1932; Government Delegate to League of Nations, Geneva, 1933; Chairman Conservative Party Organisation, 1936–1942; Member General Medical Council, 1932–1947.

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1884–1918: Mr Douglas Hacking
  • 1918–1919: Mr Douglas Hacking MP
  • 1919–1929: Mr Douglas Hacking OBE MP
  • 1929–1938: The Right Honourable Douglas Hacking OBE MP
  • 1938–1945: The Right Honourable Sir Douglas Hacking Bt OBE MP
  • 1945–1950: The Right Honourable The Lord Hacking OBE PC[a]
  1. ^ Although The Lord Hacking was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 31092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1918. p. 8. 
  2. ^ "No. 13375". The Edinburgh Gazette. 2 January 1919. p. 8. 
  3. ^ "No. 34892". The London Gazette. 9 July 1940. p. 4177. 
  4. ^ "No. 34529". The London Gazette. 8 July 1938. p. 4399. 
  5. ^ "No. 33514". The London Gazette. 5 July 1929. p. 4433. 
  6. ^ "No. 37166". The London Gazette. 6 July 1945. p. 3517. 

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Henry Flemming Hibbert
Member of Parliament for Chorley
19181945
Succeeded by
Clifford Kenyon
Political offices
Preceded by
William Dudley Ward
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1922–1924
Succeeded by
John Davison
Preceded by
John Davison
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1924–1925
Succeeded by
George Hennessy
Preceded by
Godfrey Locker-Lampson
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1925–1927
Succeeded by
Vivian Henderson
Preceded by
Godfrey Locker-Lampson
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
jointly with Godfrey Locker-Lampson

1927–1929
Succeeded by
Hugh Dalton
Preceded by
Oliver Stanley
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1933–1935
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank
Preceded by
Duff Cooper
Financial Secretary to the War Office
1934–1935
Succeeded by
Sir Victor Warrender
Preceded by
Lord Stanley
Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
1935–1936
Succeeded by
Marquess of Hartington
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Hacking
1945–1950
Succeeded by
Douglas Eric Hacking