|• Arabic||دورا القرع|
|• Also spelled||Dura al-Qari' (official)|
Dura al-Qari'a or Dura al-Qara (unofficial)
View of Dura al-Qar'
|Governorate||Ramallah & al-Bireh|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Jurisdiction||4,016 dunams (4.0 km2 or 1.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||728 m (2,388 ft)|
|Name meaning||"a circle"|
Dura al-Qar' (Arabic: دورا القرع) or Dura al-Qari'a is a Palestinian town in the central West Bank, part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Dura al-Qar' had a population of 2,897 inhabitants in 2007.
The town's total land area is 4,016 dunams, of which 2,891 dunams have been appropriated by Israel mostly for the purpose of building a by-pass road. According to Dura al-Qar's village council, 142 families have been directly affected by the confiscations and 58% of the town's population depend on those lands as main sources of income.
Dura el Qar' is located 6.6 kilometers (4.1 mi) north-east of Ramallah. It is bordered by Ein Yabrud to the east, Ein Siniya to the north, Jifna, Al-Jalazun Camp and Surda to the west, and Al Bireh to the south.
In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village to have 250 inhabitants. He further described that old oaks shaded for ancient springs, which were used to irrigate the fields. Several houses in the village were built, at least in part, with ancient stones. An Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 120, in 22 houses, though the population count included men, only.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Durah as "a small village on the side of a valley, with springs on the south, and olives". In 1907, it was described as "a small, healthfully located Moslem village. Its inhabitants have a good reputation for peaceful relations with the Jifna Christians. The Durah people raise many vegetables."
In 1896 the population of Dura el-kara was estimated to be about 246 persons.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Dura el Qare' had a population of 191, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 303, still all Muslims, in a total of 71 houses.
In the 1945 statistics the population was 370, all Muslims, while the total land area was 4,166 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,762 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,253 for cereals, while 18 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
The Jordanian census of 1961 found 576 inhabitants in Dura Qar'.
1967 and after
After the 1995 accords, 23.3% of the village‟s total area has been defined as Area B land, while the remaining 76.7% is Area C. Israel has confiscated 680 dunum of village land for constructing the Israeli settlement of Beit El.
On August 14, 1995, Kheir Abdel Hafid Qassem, a 24-year-old Palestinian man, was shot dead by an Israeli settler from Beit El, and many people were arrested, while he and about a 100 other residents of Dura al-Qar' were attempting to drive away settlers by tearing down Israeli canvas shelters and cinder-block buildings outside of the village.
- Rabiha Diab (1954–2016)
- Dura el Qar’ Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
- Palmer, 1881, p. 229
- 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.
- Finkelstein et. al., 1997, p. 552
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. iii, 2nd appendix, p. 124
- Guérin, 1869, p. 42
- Socin, 1879, p. 153. It was also noted that it was in the Beni Harit District
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 126, also noted 22 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 294
- Grant, 1907, p. 219
- Schick, 1896, p. 123
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
- Mills, 1932, p. 48
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
- Dura el Qar’ Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 17
- Settlers' Gunfire Kills Palestinian at West Bank Protest Greenberg, Joel. The New York Times. 1995-08-14.
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Finkelstein, I.; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
- Guérin, V. (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 3. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Grant, E. (1907). The Peasantry of Palestine. Boston, New York [etc.]: The Pilgrim Press.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Schick, C. (1896). "Zur Einwohnerzahl des Bezirks Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 19: 120–127.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Welcome To Dura al-Qari'
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Dura el Qar’ Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Dura el Qar’ Village Profile, ARIJ
- Dura el Qar’ aerial photo, ARIJ
- Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Dura el Qar’ Village, ARIJ