Electric vehicle industry in India

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Electric vehicle industry in India. India unveiled 'National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020' in 2013 to address the issues of National energy security, vehicular pollution and growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities.[1][2] Reiterating its commitment to the Paris Agreement, the Government of India has plans to make a major shift to electric vehicles by 2030.[3][4][5] E-commerce companies, Indian car manufacturers like Reva Electric Car Company (RECC), and Indian app-based transportation network companies like Ola are working on making electric cars more common over the next two decades.[6][7]

Industry associations[edit]

Electric vehicle manufacturers in India/manufacturers of electric vehicles launched in India[edit]

Fully electric cars[edit]

Solar panels in the roof of Reva NXR concept car

The electric cars available in India are:

  • Eddy Current Controls, Love Bird
  • Mahindra e2oPlus
  • Atom Motors, Stellar
  • Mahindra e-Verito.[8]
  • Tata Tigor Electric
  • Mahindra e-KUV 100
  • Tata Tiago Electric

ISRO has tested a solar-powered hybrid car - a modified Maruti Omni with a solar panel platform installed on top of the car. The installation of this solar platform on the car has been rated "awful" for its design.[9]

Hybrid cars[edit]

Below are some of the hybrid cars available in India:[10]

  • Toyota Prius
  • Toyota Camry Hybrid
  • BMW i8 test
  • Honda Accord Hybrid

Scooters[edit]

The following companies have launched Electric scooters in India:[11]

  • Atom Motors (Atom Motors Pvt.Ltd) [12]
  • Avan Motors
  • Heroelectric (Hero Motocorp) [13]
  • Greendzine Tech [14]
  • Sincero B6[15]
  • Ampere vehicles [56]
  • Ather Energy Pvt Ltd [16]
  • CEEON INDIA [17]
  • Twenty Two Motors (kymco)[18]
  • AVERA New and Renewable Energy Moto Corp Tech Pvt Ltd [19]
  • Okinawa Autotech Pvt. Ltd.[20]
  • YoBykes (ELECTROTHERM (INDIA) LTD.) [21]
  • Lohia Auto Industries [22]
  • Palatino (Xxplore Automotive Pvt Ltd.) [23]
  • BSA motors (discontinued)[24]
  • Thunder wind
  • BPG
  • Rexnamo
  • Shema E-Vehicle and Solar Pvt. Ltd. (SES)
  • Nds eco
  • Ether
  • Ved Motors[25]

Motorcycles[edit]

The following companies have launched Electric motorcycles in India:

  • SVM Bikes by Srivaru Motors Pvt Ltd [26][27]
  • Earth Energy EV (to be launched) [28]
  • Tork Motors (to be launched) [29]
  • Emflux Motors (to be launched) [30][31]
  • Menza motors
  • OK PLAY
  • Rexnamo
  • Ultraviolette Automotive (TVS investment) [32]
  • Darwyn
  • Orxa Energies (to be launched) [33]
  • Ather Energy[citation needed]

Bicycles[edit]

The following companies have launched Electric bicycles in India:

  • Atom Motors (Atom Motors Pvt.Ltd) [34]
  • Elektron Cycles
  • Hulikkal Electro India Pvt Ltd
  • Ampere Vehicles
  • BSA Motors
  • EBike India
  • Electrotherm
  • EKO
  • OMO Bikes
  • Spero [35]
  • PuREnergy Pvt Ltd

Buses[edit]

Electric Buses in Bangalore by BMTC

India's first electric bus was launched in Bangalore in 2014.[36]

Ashok Leyland launched its electric bus in October 2016.[37]

Tata Motors launched its pure electric bus ‘Starbus Electric 9m’ and hybrid ‘StarBus Electric 12m’ in January 2017.[38]

Goldstone Infratech Supplied Himachal Pradesh Transport Corporation with 25 electric buses in September 2017.[39]

25 "Made in India" Tata Starbus Hybrid electric buses delivered in Maharashtra in March 2018

Mini pick up trucks[edit]

The following companies have launched electric pick up trucks in India:

  • Mahindra[40]
  • Tata Motors, Ace Electric in 2016[41]
  • Ashok Leyland, Dost Electric pick up truck[citation needed]
  • Croyance Automotive,ELECRO 1.t India First Electric cargo light truck[42]

Heavy duty trucks, semi-trailer and tractor trucks[edit]

There are no known cases of manufacturing and use of electric heavy duty trucks, semi-trailers or tractor trucks in India.

Rickshaws[edit]

Electric auto rickshaw in Siliguri

A Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Parliament in 2015, which established battery-powered e-rickshaws as a valid form of commercial transport in India.[43] With their small size and small turning radius, E-rickshaw is already a popular mode of transport in Delhi-NCR, particularly in small lanes and congested areas.

The following companies have launched electric rickshaws in India

  • Dilli Electric Auto Pvt Ltd
  • Entice Impex Pvt Ltd (Gatti E-Rickshaw)
  • CEEON INDI
  • Adapt Motors Pvt Ltd.
  • Volta Motors
  • Kinetic Green
  • Gayam Motor Works
  • REEP Industries - REEP Motors
  • Mahindra electric
  • Infinite e-solutions
  • Go Green BOV
  • OK play
  • Atul Auto Ltd.

Railways[edit]

Electric tram in Kolkata, 1945

Indian Railways has a long history of electric locomotives, first use in 1925. On 31 March 2017, government announced that the entire rail network in the country will be electrified by 2022.[44] Indian Railways has successfully tested solar-panel mounted trains.[45][46] Power generated from these solar panels will be used for the lights and fans inside the train.[47]

Solar-electric boat[edit]

Mobility solution providers[edit]

In 2015, Bangalore based Lithium Technologies launched a fully electric taxi service for corporates.[48] In June 2017, Bangalore based logistic group Baghirathi Travel Solutions became the first company in the country to launch electric sedan as a taxi fleet.[49]

In January 2019, Blu-Smart mobility has launched all-electric cab service in Delhi-NCR with a fleet of 70 Mahindra eVerito cars. It has plans of expansion to 400 cars by March 2019. Also, it has planned to set up a massive charging infrastructure comprising 65 stations. Each station will have the capacity to charge up to 20 vehicles at a time, with 20 charging points. The company has also ensured there will be a charging station within every five kilometer of radius. The company also has plans for Tata Tigor electric, Nissan Leaf, BMW i3 and Tesla 3 in their fleet.[1][2]

Challenges faced[edit]

Charging infrastructure[edit]

Cumulative Electric Vehicles Per Million Population

Charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in India has not been fully developed yet. There have been initiatives to set up community charging stations, as in the case of Plugin India facilitated charging stations.[50] News reports have indicated about plans to provide solar-powered charging points at the existing fuel stations of the country.[51][52][53]

Charging infrastructure, mainly setting up of level 2 charging at public level shall be the toughest challenge in terms of service integration for India. For fast DC charging; cost & high renewable energy biggest factors. It is also assumed that 10% of the charging infrastructure required in India shall be composed of fast charging station and rest 90% shall come from level 2 public charging setups.[54]

On 22 May 2018 Ather Energy launched its charging infrastructure service in Bangalore called Ather Grid, with each charging station called 'Point'. The service is open to all electric vehicles but has been deployed where Ather plans to launch its own electric scooter.[55]

The following companies are involved in setting up EV charging stations in India

  • Delta Electronics
  • ABB
  • Fortum India
  • Magenta Power
  • Zevpoint e-mobility
  • Exicom
  • Ather Grid
  • EESL
  • EV Motors

Reasons for the shift to clean mobility[edit]

  1. Air Quality Indices related to India[56][57][58] indicate that the air in many cities of India is no longer healthy. Automobile related pollution has been one of the causes for this.
  2. Aspects related to global warming needs a shift to automobile solutions that reduces/ do not produce greenhouse gas emissions.
  3. The need to reduce dependency on a fossil-fuel based economy. India's crude oil imports for 2014-15 was 112 billion dollars [59] (approximately 7,00,000 crore rupees). For comparison, the allocation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, in budget 2017-18, is 48,000 crore rupees.[60]
  4. India can become a global provider for clean mobility solutions and processes that are affordable and scalable.
  5. People living in some of the Indian cities are being affected by noise pollution.[61] Some of the Indian cities have the worst noise pollution levels in the world.[62][63] Electric vehicles may contribute to a reduction in noise pollution levels in the cities.[64]
  6. Energy efficiency and emission reduction has improved in automobiles. Yet, the growth in total number of vehicles on road, and the resulting total pollution and total energy consumption removed all gains made by betterment in energy efficiency and emission reduction by automobiles. Energy efficiency measures and pollution control measures did not keep pace with the sales growth in vehicles. The total number of vehicles registered in India has been 5.4 million,[65] 11 million,[66] 33 million,[66] 40 million[67] and 210 million[65] in the years 1981, 1986, 1996, 2000 and 2015. This indicates a 3500+ percentage growth in the total number of vehicles between 1981 and 2015. The total number of vehicles sold in India increased between 1,54,81,381 in 2010-11 and 2,04,69,385 in 2015-16 [68] indicating a 30+ percentage growth in this five year period.

Government of India initiatives[edit]

The Government started Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme which provides incentives for purchasing electric vehicles.[69] Government is releasing tenders to increase charging infrastructure in the country.[70] Karnataka approved Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy 2017.[71]

The vehicle is covered under Government of India's FAME-India (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles) scheme that offers incentives to the electric and hybrid vehicles ranging from Rs.1,800 to Rs.29,000 for scooters and motorcycles and Rs.1.38 Lac for cars. FAME is a part of National Electric Mobility Mission Plan by Government of India.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Why the government is betting big on EVs, and why the gambit has automobile industry worried". The Economic Times. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  3. ^ "India Wants To Become First Country With 100 Percent Electric Vehicles". www.techtimes.com. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Germany and India Aim to Have All Cars Electric by 2030 (TSLA)". www.investopedia.com. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
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  6. ^ "Ola readies big push for electric vehicles". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
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  14. ^ http://greendzine.in/
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  18. ^ 22MOTORS | Electric Mobility | Smart Vehicle | AI | IOT
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  23. ^ Welcome to Palatino
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External links[edit]