Pacaembu Stadium

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Estádio Municipal Paulo Machado de Carvalho
Pacaembu
Pacaembu.jpg
Full name Estádio Municipal Paulo Machado de Carvalho
Location São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Coordinates 23°32′55.1″S, 46°39′54.4″W
Owner City of São Paulo
Operator Municipal Bureau of Sports
(Secretaria Municipal de Esportes)
Capacity 37,730[1]
Record attendance 71,281 (Corinthians 3–3 São Paulo, 24 May 1942)
Field size 104 x 70 m
Surface Natural grass
Construction
Broke ground 17 September 1938
Built 1938–1940
Opened 27 April 1940
Renovated 2007
Expanded 1958 and 1970
Architect Escritório Técnico Ramos de Azevedo - Severo e Villares[2]

Estádio Municipal Paulo Machado de Carvalho, colloquially known as Estádio do Pacaembu (Portuguese pronunciation: [isˈtadʒiu du pakaẽˈbu]) is a football stadium in São Paulo, located in the Pacaembu neighborhood. The stadium is owned by the Municipal Prefecture of São Paulo. The stadium was inaugurated on 27 April 1940, in the presence of the Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas, the intervener Adhemar de Barros and the mayor of São Paulo, Prestes Maia. The stadium holds 37,730 people and its pitch dimensions are 104 m of length by 70 m of width.

The stadium is named after Paulo Machado de Carvalho. He was the 1958 FIFA World Cup Brazilian delegation chief, the founder of Rede Record, one of the largest television networks in Brazil and was known as "Marechal da Vitória" (Marshal of Victory).

Pacaembu is frequently used to host home matches of the Big 4 football clubs of the State of São Paulo, of which Corinthians, Palmeiras and São Paulo are based in the capital city itself, and only Santos is based in a different city. This occurs when the clubs must cede their own stadiums for concerts, or when reforms are being made. In the case of Santos, Pacaembu is also used when the club requires a site with a higher seating capacity for a particular match, given the low capacity of their own stadium.

History[edit]

Aerial view of the Stadium and Charles Miller Square
Interior view of the pitch and stands

The first match ever played at Pacaembu Stadium took place on 27 April 1940, when Palestra Italia (Palestra Italia was Palmeiras' original name) and Coritiba. Palestra Italia beat Coritiba 6–2. The first goal of the stadium was scored by Coritiba's Zequinha. After this match, another match was played, where Corinthians beat Atlético Mineiro 4–2. Both matches were from Taça Cidade de São Paulo's cup.

On 4 May 1940, the Taça Cidade de São Paulo Final was played. Palestra Italia beat Corinthians 2–1, being the first club to win a competition at Pacaembu Stadium.

The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 71,281 people, set on 24 May 1942 when Corinthians and São Paulo drew 3–3.

On 20 September 1942, Palmeiras played its first match after changing its name (the previous name was Palestra Italia). Palmeiras beat São Paulo 3–1, winning that year's Campeonato Paulista.

In 1945, the stadium's largest score was set, when São Paulo beat Jabaquara 12–1.

In 2005, the stadium served as the first pit-stop of The Amazing Race 9.

On 11 May 2007, the pope Benedict XVI met with the youth of Brazil as a part of his Apostolic Journey to Brazil on the occasion of the Fifth General Conference of the Bishops of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Throughout its history, Corinthians played most of their home matches at Pacaembu until the opening of Arena Corinthians in 2014, given that their original stadium couldn't receive official football matches by the lack of necessary requirements.

Between July 2010 and November 2014, the stadium was the temporary home ground of Palmeiras while the Estádio Palestra Itália was demolished and replaced by the Allianz Parque.

1950 FIFA World Cup[edit]

Several 1950 FIFA World Cup matches were played at Estádio do Pacaembu, which were:

Date Time Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators
1950-06-25 15.00  Sweden 3–2  Italy Group 3 ~50,000
1950-06-28 15.00  Brazil 2–2   Switzerland Group 1 ~42,000
1950-07-02 15.00  Italy 2–0  Paraguay Group 3 ~26,000
1950-07-09 15.00  Uruguay 2–2  Spain Final Round ~44,000
1950-07-13 15.00  Uruguay 3–2  Sweden Final Round ~8,000
1950-07-16 15.00  Sweden 3–1  Spain Final Round ~11,000

Concerts[edit]

Museum[edit]

Pacaembu's main entrance displaying the Museum outdoor

On 29 September 2008, the Museu do Futebol (Museum of Football) was inaugurated.[3] It was created to tell the history of Brazilian football.[4] The museum covers 6,900 square metres (1.7 acres), it was built at a cost of R$32.5 millions, and is located below the stadium's bleachers.[5] The 680 workers hired to build the museum completed the construction in 13 months.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CNEF - Cadastro Nacional de Estádios de Futebol" (PDF) (in Portuguese). January 18, 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016. 
  2. ^ "About the architecture project" (in Portuguese). São Paulo State Government. 
  3. ^ "Museu do Futebol é inaugurado nesta segunda-feira em São Paulo" (in Portuguese). Correio da Bahia. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  4. ^ "Visitar o Museu do Futebol custará R$ 6" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. 2008-09-23. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  5. ^ "São Paulo inaugura Museu do Futebol" (in Portuguese). São Paulo state government. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 
  6. ^ "Museum honours Brazilian history". FIFA. 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°32′55.1″S 46°39′54.4″W / 23.548639°S 46.665111°W / -23.548639; -46.665111