F. Julius LeMoyne House

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F. Julius LeMoyne House
LeMoyne House.jpg
LeMoyne House in Washington, Pennsylvania
F. Julius LeMoyne House is located in Pennsylvania
F. Julius LeMoyne House
F. Julius LeMoyne House is located in the US
F. Julius LeMoyne House
Location 49 E. Maiden St., Washington, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°10′8″N 80°14′36″W / 40.16889°N 80.24333°W / 40.16889; -80.24333Coordinates: 40°10′8″N 80°14′36″W / 40.16889°N 80.24333°W / 40.16889; -80.24333
Architectural style Georgian, Greek Revival
NRHP Reference # 97001271
Significant dates
Added to NRHP September 25, 1997[2]
Designated NHL September 25, 1997[3]
Designated PHMC August 01, 1953[1]

The F. Julius LeMoyne House is a historic house museum at 49 East Maiden Street in Washington, Pennsylvania. Built in 1812, it was the home of Dr. Francis Julius LeMoyne (1798-1897), an antislavery activist who used it as a stop on the Underground Railroad. LeMoyne also assisted in the education of freed slaves after the American Civil War, founding the historically black LeMoyne–Owen College in Memphis, Tennessee. His house, now operated as a museum by the local historical society, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1997.[3][4] It is designated as a historic public landmark by the Washington County History & Landmarks Foundation.[5]

Description and history[edit]

The LeMoyne House is located near the center of Washington, on the north side of East Maiden Street (United States Route 40) east of Shaefer Avenue. It is a three-story stone house built in the Greek Revival style.[5] The front features two doorways, to allow for private and professional uses, and two entrance porticoes, one with columns and the other with pilasters.[5] Long, narrow attic windows were added at a later date.[5]

The house was built in 1812 by Dr. John LeMoyne, a French immigrant.[1] His son, Dr. Francis Julius LeMoyne, lived here for most of his life, and also practiced medicine. In 1834, LeMoyne became active in the abolitionist movement, speaking and organizing on behalf of political solutions ot the problem of slavery. Although he was not a radical firebrand in the mold of William Lloyd Garrison, LeMoyne was a regional director of of antislavery societies until about 1850. He is well documented to have sheltered fugitive slaves here (and assisted them in other ways) in the years prior to the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, activities that likely continued but are much less well documented afterward. LeMoyne's socially progressive politics included support for establishment of the local library, the endowment of two professorships at Washington & Jefferson College, and the establishment of LeMoyne College (now LeMoyne–Owen College) in Memphis, Tennessee.[4]

LeMoyne's house was given to the Washington Historical Society in the 1930s by his daughter. It undertook to restore the building to a state similar to that during LeMoyne's lifetime,[4] and now operates it as a historic house museum, offering guided tours year round. The house contains period artifacts and is dedicated to the memory of Dr. LeMoyne. In 1953, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker noting the historic importance of the house.[1] It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1997.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "LeMoyne House - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "F. Julius LeMoyne House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  4. ^ a b c Carol Lee and Dan G. Deibler (August 13, 1996). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: F. Julius LeMoyne House" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 9 photos, exterior and interior, from 1996. (1500 KB)
  5. ^ a b c d "LeMoyne, F. Julius House". Landmark Registry - Public Landmark. Washington County History & Landmarks Foundation. 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 

External links[edit]