FC Zorya Luhansk

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This article is about football club. For other uses, see Zorya.
Zorya Luhansk
FC Zorya Luhansk.png
Full name Football Club Zorya Luhansk
Founded 1923
Ground Slavutych Arena, Zaporizhia
(Avanhard Stadium, Luhansk)
Ground Capacity 12,000
Chairman Yevhen Heller
Head Coach Yuriy Vernydub
League Ukrainian Premier League
2015–16 4th
Website Club home page
Current season

FC Zorya Luhansk (Russian: ФК «Заря» Луганск [zaˈrʲɑ luˈgɑnsk] Ukrainian: ФК «Зоря» Луганськ [zoˈrʲɑ luˈɦɑnsʲk]), formerly known as Zorya Voroshilovgrad and Zorya-MALS, is a Ukrainian football team. Zorya Luhansk is based in the city of Luhansk (formerly known as Voroshilovgrad), Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. However, because of the war in Eastern Ukraine, the team is currently playing its games at Slavutych-Arena in Zaporizhia.

The modern club was created on 10 April 1964 on decision of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union merging the October Revolution factory (Luhanskteplovoz) sports club Zorya and the Luhansk regional branch of "Trudovye Rezervy" sports society. Today, the modern club considers the factory team as its predecessor that was established back in 1923.

History[edit]

Names (Zorya Luhansk)[edit]

  • 1923–36 : Metalist (renamed)
  • 1936–40 : Dzerzhynets (dissolved due to war) (named after Felix Dzerzhinsky)
  • 1948–53 : Dzerzhynets (team transferred under Avanhard sports society)
  • 1953–59 : Avanhard (reorganized) ("Vanguard")
  • 1960–64 : SC Zorya (revived and reorganized) ("Dawn")
  • 1964–present : FC Zorya (modern team) ("Dawn")

Names (Trudovi Rezervy)[edit]

  • 1949–51 : Trudovi Rezervy (team liquidated, criminal proceedings)
  • 1957–64 : Trudovi Rezervy (new team; team merged into SC Zorya)

Origin of the factory team[edit]

The history of the club takes place at the dawn of the 20th century right after in the city of Luhansk was built the first stadium. The stadium was built in 1922 under the personal order of Vladimir Lenin and later was named after him. The first games that involved participation of the Luhansk's teams first mentioned in 1911 and in 1913 in Kostyantynivka was created the regional football league of Donets basin. During the World War I and the following Soviet and German aggressions the league was suspended until 1920 when the situation in the region had stabilized.

The first Luhansk team was created in the Russian Empire in 1908 when the workers of the Russischen Maschinenbaugesellschaft Hartmann created the "Society of wise recreations". The football section was headed by the Czech specialist Henrich Drževikovski from Prague who was an instructor of gymnastics of the factory's ministerial school. That team played its games and conducted its training on the empty lot near the factory where today is located the sport hall "Zorya".

In 1923 the workers of the Luhansk steam train factory of the October Revolution (hence – the club's logo with a locomotive) organized their football team "Metalist" which became the forerunner of today's Zorya. The following year there was organized a championship of the newly created Luhansk okruha (district). In the final game the collective city team of Luhansk was victorious against its rival from the city of Snizhne winning it in overtime 1–0. In 1926 the All-Ukrainian Committee of the Mining Workers' council organized a team of Donbass miners that was based on the football players from Kadiyevka for tour games in Germany (Weimar Republic). There the Donbass team won four of their eight games. The following year in Luhansk took place an international game when the city team was challenged by their rivals from Austria. The Donbas players lost the game.

In 1936 the football teams "Metalist" and "Dynamo" united into the united Luhansk city team which next year was given the name Dzerzhynets.[1] The name "Dzerzhynets" derives from the steam locomotive that was produced at the steam train factory FD"Felix Dzerzhinsky".[1] That year "Dzerzhynets" got the 3rd place in the Ukrainian second league.

In 1937 "Dzerzhynets" won the 1st place in the Ukrainian second league and was promoted to the Ukrainian first league. Moreover, it reached 1/8 final of the Ukrainian Сup and 1/16 final of the Soviet Cup. The team consisted of the following players: Klad'ko (coach), Grebenyuk, Svidyns'ky, Mazanov, Morozov, Krasyuk, Nosko, Movchan, Brovenko, Chernyavs'ky, Voloschenko, Lokotosh, Sytnikov, Evdokymov, Myroshnikov, Ischenko.

In 1938 "Dzerzhynets" became the champion of Ukraine after having won 9 games and having played 2 games in a draw. It was admitted to the Soviet First League.

Post war revival[edit]

After World War II, the club was not revived right away. The city of Luhansk was represented by Dynamo Luhansk, while in 1949–1951 there also was team of Luhansk regional party administration "Trudovi Rezervy".[2][3] In 1950 Dynamo Luhansk was merged in Trudovi Rezervy. In 1951 the chief of Trudovi Rezervy regional administration Ivan Lomakin was trialed, while the team was liquidated.[4]

In 1948 "Dzerzhynets" was re-established in lower leagues of Ukrainian championship.[3] Due to liquidation of Trudovi Rezervy, Dzerzhynets was allowed to compete among "teams of master" (Soviet terminology for professional level).[4] Few players from Trudovi Rezervy did join the factory team.[4] In 1954 Dzerzhynets was transferred under administration of the Republican Volunteer Society of "Avanhard" which continued its participation in competitions until 1959.[5]

Due to a bleak performance of "Avanhard", in 1957 in the city of Voroshilovhrad was revived another club "Trudovi Rezervy"[4] which this time was formed out of students of the Leningrad Technicum of Physical Culture and Sports (today College of Physical Culture and Sports of the Saint Petersburg State University).

After liquidation of Avanhard in 1959, in 1960 in Luhansk was revived the October Revolution (OR) Factory team.[6]

Modern period[edit]

During the already ongoing 1964 season and playing several rounds, on 10 April 1964 the Soviet Football Federation issued its decision about merger of two clubs "Trudovi Rezervy" and OR Factory team (SC Zorya) into FC Zorya Voroshilovhrad.[7]

In 1972 Zorya did not only win its only Soviet championship, but also represented, re-enforced with only three players from other clubs, the USSR at the Brazilian Independence Cup (Taça Independência) mid-year. However, only Volodymyr Onyshchenko represented the club at the Final of the European Football Championship few weeks earlier.

In 1992 the club was acquired by a Moscow Science-Production Association "MALS" and participated in the competition of the Ukrainian Top League.[8]

In the season 2005–06 the team won the first place in the Persha Liha, and has been promoted to the Vyscha Liha. Zorya was one of the original twenty teams to debut for the first season of the Ukrainian Premier League. The team played for five seasons until the 1995–96 season in which they finished eighteenth and where sent down to the Persha Liha. Zorya relegated to Druha Liha in 1996–97 season but she returned to Persha Liha in 2003–04 season.

At present (2016) the team has advanced sufficiently in the standings that they are involved in the European wide play-offs in the UEFA Europa League.

Reserve team[edit]

The reserve team of Zorya, Zorya Luhansk Reserves (Ukrainian: ФК «Зоря» Луганськ дубль) are playing in the Ukrainian Premier Reserve League.

Sponsors[edit]

MediaMix Concept, D & M, Lir, and also Steel Symphony.

Football kits and sponsors[edit]

Years[9] Football kit Shirt sponsor
2006–07 Umbro
2007–09 Puma
2009–10 dm bank[10]
2010–11 Nike
2011–14 Holsten

Honours[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The squad is as of 22 February 2017.[11]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Ukraine GK Oleksiy Shevchenko
2 Ukraine DF Artem Sukhotskyi
4 Ukraine MF Ihor Chaykovskyi
5 Ukraine DF Artem Hordiyenko
6 Ukraine MF Mykyta Kamenyuka (Captain)
7 Ukraine MF Ivan Petryak (on loan from Shakhtar)
8 Ukraine MF Ihor Kharatin
9 Ukraine FW Vladyslav Kulach (on loan from Shakhtar)
10 Georgia (country) FW Jaba Lipartia
11 Brazil FW Paulinho
12 Brazil DF Rafael Forster
15 Ukraine MF Vladyslav Kalitvintsev (on loan from Dynamo)
16 Ukraine DF Hryhoriy Yarmash
17 Armenia FW Gegham Kadymyan
No. Position Player
21 Ukraine FW Denys Bezborodko (on loan from Shakhtar)
22 Serbia MF Željko Ljubenović
24 Ukraine MF Dmytro Hrechyshkin (on loan from Shakhtar)
32 Serbia MF Anđelo Kačavenda
36 Ukraine MF Ruslan Babenko
39 Ukraine DF Yevhen Opanasenko
42 Nigeria FW Emmanuel Bonaventure Dennis
44 Ukraine DF Vyacheslav Checher
49 Ukraine FW Dmytro Lukanov
77 Ukraine GK Oleh Chuvayev
91 Ukraine GK Ihor Levchenko
95 Ukraine DF Eduard Sobol (on loan from Shakhtar)
99 Ukraine DF Andriy Pylyavskyi (on loan from Rubin)

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Ukraine GK Andriy Poltavtsev (on loan to Avanhard)
No. Position Player

Coaches and administration[edit]

Administration[12][13] Coaching[12][14] (senior team) Coaching[12] (u-21 team)
  • President – Yevhen Heller
  • General Director – Serhiy Rafailov
  • Squad Chief – Stanislav Ohanov

Presidents and owners[edit]

Information obtained from Luhansk Our Football website.[13]

  • 1989–90 : Administration Chairman Oleksiy Vintun
  • 1990 : Club Chairman I. Shyrokyi
  • 1990 : Club Chairman O. Lyakhov
  • 1990–92 : President Yuriy Koniayev
  • 1992–96 : President Volodymyr Tarasenko
  • 1996–01 : President Dmytro Makarenko
  • 2001–02 : President Volodymyr Makarov
  • 2002–05 : President Yuriy Sevastianov
  • 2005–07 : President Valeriy Shpichka
  • 2007–09 : President and owner Valeriy Bukayev
  • 2009 : Owner Marina Bukayev
    • 2009 : President Oleksandr Yehorov
    • 2009 : President Manolis Pilavov
  • 2009–present : President and Owner Yevhen Heller

Most capped players[edit]

No. Name Playing period League Cup Europe Total
1 Anatoliy Kuksov 1969–85 424 89 4 517
2 Yuriy Kolesnikov 1977–92 (w/breaks) 382 81 0 461
3 Oleksandr Tkachenko 1967–87 (w/breaks) 370 33 4 407
4 Oleksandr Zhuravlyov 1965–79 316 34 2 352
5 Oleksandr Malyshenko 1978–96 318 18 0 336
6 Vitaliy Tarasenko 1982–90 323 10 0 333
7 Valeriy Galustov 1959–68 326 4 0 330
8 Viktor Kuznetsov 1968–79 272 42 4 318
9 Yuriy Yaroshenko 1982–90 304 11 0 315
10 Serhiy Yarmolych 1984–96 (w/breaks) 306 5 0 311

Top scoring players[edit]

No. Name Playing period League Cup Europe Total
1 Oleksandr Malyshenko 1978–96 121 3 0 124
2 Anatoliy Kuksov 1969–85 89 7 1 97
3 Yuriy Kolesnikov 1977–92 (w/breaks) 81 7 0 88
4 Timerlan Guseinov 1985–93 (w/breaks) 66 2 0 68
5 Aleksandr Gulevsky 1957–61 61 0 0 61
6 Viktor Kuznetsov 1968–79 40 10 1 51
7 Yuriy Yaroshenko 1982–90 47 1 0 48
8 Ihor Balaba 1960–68 42 2 0 44
9 Yuriy Yeliseyev 1970–77 36 7 0 43
10 Yevgeniy Volchenkov 1961–64 40 1 0 41

Coaches[edit]

   

Longest serving coaches[edit]

Last Updated after 2015/16 season

No. Name Time period G W D L GS GA Achievement
1 Vadym Dobizha 1980–88 (w/breaks) 259 114 55 90 358 331 10/24 (1987 Second Division)
2 German Zonin 1962–72 (w/breaks) 178 77 62 39 241 149 Champion (1972 First Division)
3 Yuriy Vernydub 2011– 126 51 36 39 130 128 4/14 (2014–15 First Division)
4 Anatoliy Kuksov 1990–97 (w/breaks) 105 52 18 35 154 117 12/20 (1992 First Division)
5 Yuriy Zakharov 1975–79 (w/breaks) 94 25 30 39 111 143 9/16 (1975 and 1978 First Division)
6 Yuriy Rashchupkin 1982–83 84 33 20 31 131 119 6/22 (1982 Second Division)
7 Yuriy Koval 2004–09 (w/breaks) 81 48 18 15 137 55 3/18 (2004–05 Second Division)
8 Anatoly Baidachny 1988–89 78 34 20 24 119 93 20/22 (1988 Second Division)
9 Yevgeny Goryansky 1966–67 74 26 27 21 64 58 16/19 (1967 First Division)
10 Alexey Vodyagin 1957–59 65 29 17 19 95 68 4/14 (1959 Second Division)

League and Cup history[edit]

The statistics is based on information from the club's official website.[15]

Soviet competitions[edit]

Trudovi Rezervy[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
1949 2nd
(Gruppa II. Ukrainskaya Zona)
15 34 9 6 19 44 59 24
1950 3rd
(Ukraine)
1 18 11 4 3 35 18 26
2 3 2 0 1 4 5 4 Final group
1951 1 18 13 4 1 46 10 30
6 6 0 3 3 6 14 3 Final group
Original club disbanded in 1951 and revived in 1957
1957 2nd
(Klass B)
16 34 6 10 18 18 55 22 12 finals (Zone)
1958 6 30 12 10 8 35 26 34 14 finals (Zone)
1959 4 26 15 3 8 55 31 33 12 finals (Zone)
1960 3 36 19 9 8 69 40 47 Ukrainian Championship
1961 2 36 22 7 7 56 23 51 Ukrainian Championship
4 2 0 1 1 0 2 1 Playoff
1962 1 24 14 5 5 52 22 33 14 finals (Ukraine)
1 10 6 4 0 22 11 16 Champions of Ukraine
1 2 2 0 0 5 1 4 Promotional playoff; Reorganization
1963 2nd
(Klass A. Vtoraya gruppa)
5 34 15 11 8 41 26 41 132 finals
FC Trudovi Rezervy Luhansk merged with amateur SC Zorya Luhansk under name FC Zorya Luhansk

Metalist, Dzerzhinets, Avanhard, Zorya[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
1928 2nd
(Ukraine)
116 finals 2 1 0 1 1 8 2 as FC Luhansk
1935 4th
(Ukraine. Tretya Hrupa)
1 3 3 0 0 11 2 6 as FC Luhansk
1936 4th
(Ukraine. Druha Hrupa)
12 finals 2 1 0 1 4 7 2 as FC Voroshilovgrad[16]
Dzerzhynets / Dzerzhinets
1937 4th
(Ukraine. Druha Hrupa)
1 5 4 1 0 21 6 14
1938 3rd
(Ukraine)
1 Champions of Ukraine
1939 2nd
(Gruppa B)
16 22 8 3 11 37 51 19
1940 3rd
(Ukraine)
World War II; club idle
1948 3rd
(Ukraine)
3 3
1949
1950 4th
(Ukraine. 2 Hrupa)
1951
1952 3rd
(Ukraine)
6 22 7 8 7 53 38 22
1953
Avanhard / Avangard
1954 3rd
(Ukraine)
5 10 3 1 6 13 21 7
1955 6 14 3 5 6 18 33 11
1956 6 14 5 2 7 17 30 12
1957 6 10 1 1 8 6 28 3
1958 8 14 1 3 10 19 51 5
1959 5 14 5 1 8 16 29 11
club idle
Zorya / Zarya
1964 2nd
(Klass A. Vtoraya gruppa)
4 24 9 10 5 25 14 28 116 finals
11 14 3 6 5 9 10 12 Places 1-14 group
1965 2 30 14 12 4 36 23 40 164 finals
7 16 8 3 5 23 15 19 Places 1-16 group
1966 1 34 16 12 6 33 15 44 164 finals
1 4 2 2 0 4 1 6 Final group; Promoted
1967 1st
(Klass A. Pervaya gruppa)
16 36 8 13 15 27 42 29 116 finals
1968 13 38 10 13 15 23 41 33 14 finals
1969 5 18 6 5 7 19 16 17 116 finals
11 14 2 5 7 9 17 9 Places 1-14 group
1970 1st
(Klass A. Vysshaya gruppa)
5 32 10 14 8 27 25 34 18 finals
1971 1st
(Vysshaya Liga)
4 30 11 11 8 29 23 33 18 finals
1972 1 30 15 10 5 52 30 40 116 finals
1973 7 30 14 1[17] 15 38 26 29 14 finals EC R16
1974 14 30 8 10 12 32 41 26 Runner-up
1975 9 30 10 11 9 32 37 31 Runner-up
1976 16 15 2 4 9 9 24 8 18 finals
1976 12 15 6 2 7 12 17 14
1977 9 30 8 12 10 28 24 26 12 finals
1978 9 30 9 8 13 38 44 26 18 finals
1979 17 34 6 11 17 41 62 20 Group stage Relegated
1980 2nd
(Pervaya Liga)
10 46 19 8 19 68 60 46 Group stage
1981 15 46 16 13 17 44 53 44 Group stage
1982 6 42 19 9 14 65 52 47 Group stage
1983 13 42 14 11 17 66 67 39 132 finals
1984 20 42 13 11 18 54 61 37 132 finals Relegated
1985 3rd
(Vtoraya Liga, VI Zona)
6 26 11 7 8 37 25 29 164 finals
13 14 3 3 8 9 15 9 Ukrainian Championship
1986 2 26 13 8 5 40 26 34 1/64 finals
1 14 12 2 0 29 9 26 Ukrainian Champions
1 3 2 0 1 8 5 4 Promoted
1987 2nd
(Pervaya Liga)
16 42 13 15 14 46 60 38 1/64 finals
1988 20 42 11 10 21 44 59 32 1/64 finals Relegated
1989 3rd
(Vtoraya Liga, VI Zona)
4 52 27 14 11 94 59 68 1/64 finals Ukrainian Championship
1990 7 42 20 9 13 72 44 49 1/32 finals
1991 2 42 26 5 11 69 34 57 1/64 finals
1992 withdrew from competitions 1/32 finals

Ukrainian competitions[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Notes
1992 1st
(Vyshcha Liha)
12 18 6 5 7 23 23 17 1/16 finals
1992–93 15 30 10 4 16 26 46 24 1/8 finals
1993–94 14 34 10 5 18 24 46 26 1/8 finals
1994–95 16 34 10 5 19 35 70 35 1/16 finals
1995–96 18 34 4 4 26 16 80 16 1/16 finals Relegated
1996–97 2nd
(Persha Liha)
20 42 11 6 25 43 84 39 1/32 finals 2nd Stage
1997–98 19 46 16 5 25 58 84 53 1/32 finals Relegated
1998–99 3rd
(Druha Liha, Hrupa V)
2 26 18 2 6 55 17 56 1/32 finals
1999–00 3 26 17 2 7 42 21 53 1/8 finals 2nd League Cup
2000–01 5 30 15 5 10 49 35 50 1/8 finals 2nd League Cup
2001–02 9 34 15 6 13 61 51 51 Round 1
2002–03 1 28 23 2 3 62 17 71 1/32 finals Promoted
2003–04 2nd
(Persha Liha)
15 34 8 13 13 28 42 37 1/16 finals
2004–05 3 34 19 9 6 54 21 66 1/16 finals
2005–06 1 34 27 6 1 74 13 87 1/32 finals (forfeit) Promoted
2006–07 1st
(Vyshcha Liha)
11 30 9 7 14 23 43 34 1/16 finals
2007–08 11 30 9 4 17 24 43 34 1/16 finals
2008–09 1st
(Premier Liha)
13 30 8 7 15 29 45 31 1/8 finals
2009–10 13 30 7 7 16 23 47 28 1/16 finals
2010–11 12 30 7 9 14 28 40 30 1/4 finals
2011–12 13 30 6 8 16 34 58 26 1/4 finals
2012–13 10 30 10 7 13 32 43 37 1/16 finals
2013–14 7 28 11 9 8 35 30 42 1/16 finals
2014–15 4 26 13 6 7 40 31 42 1/8 finals EL Play-off round
2015–16 4 26 14 6 6 51 26 48 Runners up EL Play-off round
2016–17 3 22 12 4 6 34 21 40 1/8 finals EL Group stage
3 3 0 1 2 1 2 1

European record[edit]

Its first European competition participation occurred in 1973–74 season in UEFA European Cup as the Soviet representative. Zorya played its first game as Zaria at its home stadium Avanhard (Avangard) on September 19, 1973 hosting the Cypriot club APOEL FC. After that season the club did not participate in continental competitions for over 40 years until 2014–15 season.

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Aggregate
1973–74 European Cup 1R Cyprus APOEL 2–0 1–0 3–0
2R Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 0–1 0–0 0–1
2014–15 UEFA Europa League 2Q Albania Laçi 2–1 3–0 5–1
3Q Norway Molde 1–1 2–1 3–2
PO Netherlands Feyenoord 1–1 3–4 4–5
2015–16 UEFA Europa League 3Q Belgium Charleroi 3–0 2–0 5–0
PO Poland Legia Warsaw 0–1 2–3 2–4
2016–17 UEFA Europa League Group A England Manchester United 0-2 0–1 TBA
Turkey Fenerbahçe 1–1 0-2
Netherlands Feyenoord 1–1 0–1
Notes
  • 1R: First round
  • 2R: Second round
  • 2Q: Second qualifying round
  • 3Q: Third qualifying round
  • PO: Play-off round

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b as Trudovi Rezervy
  2. ^ a b c as the Champion of Ukraine

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Luhansk football at the Our Luhansk football portal.
  2. ^ The first Trudovi Rezervy. Luhansk Our Football.
  3. ^ a b 1944-1950. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
  4. ^ a b c d 1951-1960. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
  5. ^ Avanhard Voroshilovhrad. Luhansk Our Football.
  6. ^ 1958-1960. Zarya Lugansk fansite
  7. ^ 1963-1964. Zarya Lugansk fansite.
  8. ^ Slyvka, K. What Geller is still doing for Akhmetov (Що досі робить Геллер для Ахметова). Depo. 23 September 2015
  9. ^ Jerseys of Ukrainian clubs Archived September 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Äèàïàçîí-Ìàêñèìóì Áàíê – Òîï-8 áàíêîâ ñ ðàçäóòûìè àêòèâàìè – Áèçíåñ – Forbes Óêðàèíà". Forbes.ua. Retrieved February 15, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Официальный сайт ФК "Заря" Луганск". Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c http://zarya-lugansk.com/team.php
  13. ^ a b https://web.archive.org/web/20160619170549/http://football.lg.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=585&Itemid=63
  14. ^ http://www.zarya.lg.ua/komanda/coach
  15. ^ Club's history. Zorya website.
  16. ^ merged with FC Dynamo Luhansk
  17. ^ Total of 6 games were tied, but five were lost in penalty kicks, while in only one Zorya was victorious.

External links[edit]