Fabomotizole

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Fabomotizole
Fabomotizole.svg
Фабомотизол.png
Clinical data
Trade namesAfobazole
SynonymsFabomotizole
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • US: Unscheduled Not FDA approved
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability43.64%, pronounced first-pass effect
Metabolismextensive hepatic
Onset of action0.85±0.13 hours
Elimination half-life0.82±0,54 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC15H21N3O2S
Molar mass307.41 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
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Afobazole from Russia

Fabomotizole (INN;[1] brand name Afobazole) is an anxiolytic drug launched in Russia in the early 2000s. It produces anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects without any sedative or muscle relaxant actions.[citation needed] Its mechanism of action remains poorly defined however, with GABAergic, NGF- and BDNF-release-promoting, MT1 receptor agonism, MT3 receptor antagonism, and sigma agonism suggested as potential mechanisms. Fabomotizole was shown to inhibit MAO-A reversibly and there might be also some involvement with serotonin receptors.[2][3][4][5][6] Clinical trials have shown fabomotizole to be well tolerated and reasonably effective for the treatment of anxiety.[7]

Experiments of mice have shown antimutagenic and antiteratogenic properties.[8]

Fabomotizole has found little clinical use outside Russia and has not been evaluated by the FDA.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN)" (PDF). WHO Drug Information. 26 (1): 63. 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  2. ^ Neznamov, GG; Siuniakov, SA; Chumakov, DV; Bochkarev, VK; Seredenin, SB (2001). "Clinical study of the selective anxiolytic agent afobazol". Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia farmakologiia. 64 (2): 15–9. PMID 11548440.
  3. ^ Silkina, IV; Gan'shina, TC; Seredin, SB; Mirzoian, RS (2005). "Gabaergic mechanism of cerebrovascular and neuroprotective effects of afobazole and picamilon". Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia farmakologiia. 68 (1): 20–4. PMID 15786959.
  4. ^ Seredin, SB; Melkumian, DS; Val'dman, EA; Iarkova, MA; Seredina, TC; Voronin, MV; Lapitskaia, AS (2006). "Effects of afobazole on the BDNF content in brain structures of inbred mice with different phenotypes of emotional stress reaction". Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia farmakologiia. 69 (3): 3–6. PMID 16878488.
  5. ^ Antipova, TA; Sapozhnikova, DS; Bakhtina, LIu; Seredenin, SB (2009). "Selective anxiolytic afobazole increases the content of BDNF and NGF in cultured hippocampal HT-22 line neurons". Eksperimental'naia i klinicheskaia farmakologiia. 72 (1): 12–4. PMID 19334503.
  6. ^ Seredenin, SB; Antipova, TA; Voronin, MV; Kurchashova, SY; Kuimov, AN (2009). "Interaction of afobazole with sigma1-receptors". Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine. 148 (1): 42–4. doi:10.1007/s10517-009-0624-x. PMID 19902093.
  7. ^ Medvedev, VE; Trosnova, AP; Dobrovol'skiĭ, AV (2007). "Psychopharmacotherapy of anxiety disorders in patients with cardio-vascular diseases: the use of aphobazole". Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 107 (7): 25–9. PMID 18379478.
  8. ^ Durnev AD, Zhanataev AK, Shreder OV, Seredenin SB (Jan–Feb 2009). "Antimutagenic and antiteratogenic properties of afobazole". Eksp Klin Farmakol. 72 (1): 46–51. PMID 19334511.