|Chassis||Kevlar and Carbon fibre composite monocoque|
|Suspension (front)||Double wishbones, pull-rod actuated coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar|
|Suspension (rear)||Double wishbones, pull-rod actuated coil springs over telescopic shock absorbers, anti-roll bar|
|Axle track||Front: 1,797 mm (71 in)|
Rear: 1,664 mm (66 in)
|Wheelbase||2,762 mm (109 in)|
|Engine||Ferrari Tipo 031/2, 1,496 cc (91.3 cu in), 120° V6, turbo, mid-engine, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Ferrari Type 635 5-speed manual|
|Weight||558 kg (1,230.2 lb)|
|Notable entrants||Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC|
|Notable drivers||27. Michele Alboreto|
28. René Arnoux
28. Stefan Johansson
|Debut||1985 Brazilian Grand Prix|
The Ferrari 156/85 was a Formula One car designed by Mauro Forghieri and Harvey Postlethwaite and manufactured by Scuderia Ferrari and used in the 1985 Formula One season. Michele Alboreto drove the car to second place in the 1985 World Drivers' Championship. It was also driven by René Arnoux and Stefan Johansson. Arnoux was to drive for the season but was replaced after the opening Brazilian Grand Prix despite a fourth-placed finish. Johansson was hired to drive in his place for the rest of the season.
The exhaust systems were set outside of the vee, opposite to the preceding 126C4. The turbocharger for each bank was located at the outside of the vee. Thus the intake chambers were located inside the vee. The Ferrari Tipo 031/2 V6 Turbo produced around 900 bhp (671 kW; 912 PS) during the 1985 season.
The 156/85 proved to be fast and reliable in the early part of 1985 but as the season wore on, the Ferraris became increasingly fragile in both qualifying and race trim with numerous engine and turbo failures throughout the season. It was this unreliability that ultimately would cost Alboreto, who actually led the points standings for most of the season, the drivers' championship. Alboreto retired from four of the last five races in 1985 and retired but was classified as 13th due to completing 90% of the race in the other (Spa) allowing McLaren's Alain Prost to win his first championship.
Alboreto drove half a lap of the Brands Hatch circuit on lap 13 of the European Grand Prix with the rear of his car on fire following another turbo failure. He drove the car into the pits and straight to his Ferrari pit, many observers seeing this as his way of showing that the Ferrari's unreliability had cost him the World Championship, which Prost won by finishing fourth in that race. While Alboreto had unreliability, his teammate Johansson finished fifth twice and fourth once with only two retirements in the last five races. 156/85's unreliability also allowed McLaren to overtake them in the points after half of the season, leaving Ferrari as runners up.
Complete Formula One results
(key) (Results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1985||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari Tipo 031/2