Gan Chinese-speaking people

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Jiangxi people
Total population
22 million (2007)
Regions with significant populations
China China Jiangxi
Taiwan Republic of China (on Taiwan) As part of Mainlander population
Gan, Hakka, Jianghuai Mandarin Chinese, Hui, Chuqu Wu dialects, Xiang
Mahayana Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Chinese folk religion
Related ethnic groups
Hakka people, other Han Chinese

The Gan-speaking Chinese or Jiangxi people are a subgroup of Han Chinese people. The origin of Gan-speaking people in China are from Jiangxi province in China. Gan-speaking populations are also found in Fujian, southern Anhui and Hubei provinces, and linguistic enclaves are found on Taiwan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hainan, Guangdong, Fujian and non-Gan speaking southern and western Jiangxi.


Jiangxi is the main area of concentration of the Gan varieties of Chinese, spoken over most of the northern two-thirds of the province. Examples include the Nanchang dialect, Yichun dialect and Ji'an dialect. The southern one-third of the province speaks Hakka. There are also Mandarin, Huizhou, and Wu dialects spoken along the northern border.

Ganju, or Jiangxi opera, is the type of Chinese opera performed in Jiangxi.

Although little known outside of the province, Jiangxi cuisine is rich and distinctive. Flavors are some of the strongest in China,[citation needed] with heavy use of chile peppers and especially pickled and fermented products.

Jingdezhen is widely regarded as the producer of the best porcelain in China.

Jiangxi also was a historical center of Chan Buddhism.

Prominent examples of Hakka architecture can be found in Jiangxi.


Jiangxi people speak primarily Gan Chinese dialects, but there are also many Gan speakers outside of Jiangxi as well as non-Gan speakers within Jiangxi province. There are also Gan-speaking enclaves in other parts of China.

Southern Jiangxi is predominantly Hakka, and Hakka Chinese dialects are spoken there.

Wu dialects are spoken in Shangrao and Yushan counties.[citation needed]

Areas of significant population[edit]

Gan-speaking people are found primarily in Jiangxi, Fujian, Anhui, Hunan, and Hubei provinces.

Enclaves within Shaanxi[edit]

Jiangxi Gan-speaking enclaves are found in villages scattered across Shangnan, Danfeng, Shanyang, Zhashui, Zhen'an, Hanbin, and Shiquan counties in Shaanxi province. [1] The Mandarin-speaking population of Shaanxi refers to the Gan language as spoken in Shaanxi as Manzihua (蠻子話), or 'Barbarian speech'. [2]

Enclaves within Guangdong[edit]

There are about 20,000 Gan speakers living in Guangdong province, primarily in Nanxiong county and other districts. Hakka-speaking locals refer to the Gan language spoken in Northeastern Guangdong as "Jiangxihua" (江西話). [3]

Enclaves within Sichuan[edit]

Jiangxi people are also found in Daqiao district in Huidong county in Sichuan province. [4]

Enclaves within Guizhou[edit]

Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture also has a Gan-speaking minority. [5]

Enclaves within Hainan[edit]

In Danzhou, Changjiang, and Sanya, some villages speak a "Hakka-Gan dialect". [6]

Enclaves within Taiwan[edit]

According to the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan, the number of Jiangxi people living in Taiwan is 124,670. Thus the number of Gan speakers is around 100-200 thousand.[7]


  1. ^ 張盛裕、張成材 《陝甘寧青四省區漢語方言的分區》
  2. ^ 孟萬春、姜國棟 《商南蠻子話語音研究》 2006年
  3. ^ 梁猷剛 《廣東省北部漢語方言的分佈》
  4. ^ 崔榮昌 《四川省西南官話以外的漢語方言》
  5. ^ 蔣希文 《黔東南漢語方言》
  6. ^ Ting, Pang-hsin (丁邦新) 《海南島方言調查報告》
  7. ^ 《自由時報》1992年11月28日報導內政部戶政司資料。