Danzhou

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Danzhou

儋州市
Baimajing in Danzhou
Baimajing in Danzhou
Map showing entire Danzhou area within Hainan province
Map showing entire Danzhou area within Hainan province
Coordinates: 19°30′N 109°35′E / 19.500°N 109.583°E / 19.500; 109.583Coordinates: 19°30′N 109°35′E / 19.500°N 109.583°E / 19.500; 109.583
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
SeatNada
Area
 • Total3,394 km2 (1,310 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total932,362
 • Density270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
571700[1]
ISO 3166 codeCN-HI-04
Websitewww.danzhou.gov.cn

Danzhou (Chinese: 儋州; pinyin: Dānzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of the Chinese island province of Hainan. Although called a "city", Danzhou administers a large area which was called Dan County or Danxian (儋县) until 1993. The administrative seat and urban center of Danzhou is Nada Town, which is often colloquially referred to as Danzhou city. Danzhou was upgraded from a county-level city into a prefecture-level city in February 2015.

History[edit]

What is now Danzhou was firstly named Danzhou (儋州) during the Song Dynasty in the 12th century and only renamed to Danxian in 1912 after hundreds of years, but later re-obtained its name Danzhou after the Communist takeover in the 1950s.

During World War 2, Danzhou was among the top most devastated counties in Hainan as the Japanese had massacred more than 30,000 people in Danzhou, destroying over than 10,000 houses and 300 Danzhou villages.[2]

Subdivisions[edit]

Danzhou is a prefecture-level city of the Hainan province. An uncommon administrative feature is that it has no county-level division. The city government directly administers over 17 towns (; zhèn), one state-run institute, and four state-run farms plus an economic development zone:

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Division code[3] Residential communities Administrative villages
Nada [n 1] 那大镇 Nàdà Zhèn 256,652 179.2 1432.20 460400100 10 20
Heqing 和庆镇 HéqìngZhèn 20,729 188.4 110.03 460400101 1 11
Nanfeng 南丰镇 Nánfēng Zhèn 23,669 260.3 90.93 460400102 1 10
Dacheng [n 2] 大成镇 Dàchéng Zhèn 84,620 295.4 286.46 460400103 1 5
Yaxing [n 3] 雅星镇 Yǎxīng Zhèn 76,427 170 449.57 460400104 2 12
Lanyang [n 4] 兰洋镇 Lányáng Zhèn 23,711 186.9 126.86 460400105 1 14
Guangcun 光村镇 Guāngcūn Zhèn 27,803 72 386.15 460400106 1 10
Mutang 木棠镇 Mùtáng Zhèn 40,373 84 480.63 460400107   25
Haitou 海头镇 Hǎitóu Zhèn 34,648 195.8 176.96 460400108 4 10
Eman 峨蔓镇 Émàn Zhèn 17,317 70.5 245.63 460400109   13
Sandou [n 5] 三都镇 Sāndōu Zhèn 76,757 88 872.23 460400110   9
Wangwu 王五镇 Wángwǔ Zhèn 24,274 126.3 192.19 460400111 1 8
Baimajing 白马井镇 Báimǎjǐng Zhèn 59,585 54.7 1089.30 460400112 6 15
Zhonghe 中和镇 Zhōnghé Zhèn 31,646 51.5 614.48 460400113 1 11
Paipu 排浦镇 Páipǔ Zhèn 17,577 95.8 183.47 460400114 1 7
Dongcheng 东成镇 Dōngchéng Zhèn 49,252 116.5 422.76 460400115 1 21
Xingzhou 新州镇 Xīnzhōu Zhèn 67,316 45 1495.91 460400116 12 19
  1. ^ Including Guoying Xilian Farm
  2. ^ Including Guoying Xipei Farm and South China Institute of Tropical Crops
  3. ^ Including Guoying Bayi Farm
  4. ^ Including Guoying Lanyang Farm
  5. ^ Including Yangpu Economic Development Zone

Demographics[edit]

The city's population was 932,362 in 2010. The Han population is 857,342 and the minority population is 75,020.[4]

Language[edit]

The Danzhou natives speak the Yue Danzhou dialect, unlike the Min Hainanese language that is spoken throughout most of eastern Hainan.

Transportation[edit]

The area will be served by Danzhou Airport, an under-construction airport approximately 25 km (16 mi) northeast of Nada.[5] It will be international-class, built to handle the increasing number of tourists visiting the area. The airport is scheduled for completion in 2015.[6][7][8]

The Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway also provides access.

Climate[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ China Postal Codes - Hainan
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ 中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码 (in Chinese). Ministry of Civil Affairs.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" 儋州市第六次人口普查主要数据公报 [Danzhou Sixth Population Census Data Bulletin] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ http://www.boulter.com/gps/distance/?from=19.696709%2C+109.727247&to=19.51874%2C+109.572238&units=k
  6. ^ http://centreforaviation.com/profiles/newairports/danzhou-airport
  7. ^ http://www.whatsonsanya.com/sanya-travel-2213.html
  8. ^ "儋州机场选址初定梅花岭 张琦严朝君出席会议并讲话" [Zhangzhou Airport Site Selected at Zhangzhou Meihualing - Zhang Qi Yan Chaojun attended the meeting and delivered a speech]. Danzhou Municipal People's Government, Hainan Province. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2018.