Gary Stormo

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Gary Stormo
Gary Stormo speaking at ISMB/ECCB 2013
Gary Stormo speaking at ISMB/ECCB 2013.
Born Gary Dean Stormo
1950 (age 67–68)
South Dakota, USA[1]
Alma mater California Institute of Technology
University of Colorado Boulder
Scientific career
Fields Bioinformatics
Genetics
Molecular biology
Institutions University of Colorado Boulder
Washington University in St. Louis
Thesis Computer-aided characterization of translational initiation sites in E. coli (1981)

Gary Stormo (born 1950) is an American geneticist and currently Joseph Erlanger Professor in the Department of Genetics and the Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis.[2] He is considered as one of the pioneers of bioinformatics and genomics.[3][4][5] His research combines experimental and computational approaches in order to identify and predict regulatory sequences in DNA and RNA, and their contributions to the regulatory networks that control gene expression.[2]

Education[edit]

Stormo initially majored in physics as an undergraduate at the California Institute of Technology, but switched to biology in his junior year.[1] He received his PhD in molecular biology in 1981 from the University of Colorado at Boulder.[2]

Research[edit]

Following his PhD, Stormo stayed at the University of Colorado as a faculty member in the department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, becoming a professor before moving to Washington University in St. Louis in 1999.[2][3]

Stormo's research combines experimental and computational approaches to understand regulation of gene expression. His experimental work focuses on protein–DNA interactions and their role in gene regulation. His computational work involves analysis of these interactions and developing pattern recognition algorithms to discover regulatory sites in DNA and RNA.

In 1982, Stormo and his colleagues introduced the Position Weight Matrix (PWM), a now commonly used representation of motifs (patterns) in biological sequences.[6] Consensus sequences had previously been used to represent patterns in biological sequences, but had difficulties in the prediction of new occurrences of these patterns.[7] The first use of PWMs was in the discovery of RNA sites that function as translation initiation sites. The advantages of PWMs over consensus sequences have made PWMs a popular method for representing patterns in biological sequences and an essential component in modern algorithms for motif discovery.[8][9]

He has published over 150 scientific papers.[3]

Roles and Honours[edit]

Stormo served on the Board of Directors of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) from 2000 to 2004 and was honoured as an ISCB Fellow in 2010.[10][11] He was elected as a fellow of the American Medical Informatics Association in 2001.[12]

Stormo was Executive Editor of the journal Bioinformatics from 1994 to 1999.[12] In 2014, he was appointed one of the first Honorary Editors of Bioinformatics.[13] Stormo has also served as Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the journal PLOS Computational Biology.[14] He is currently co-editor of the journal Current Protocols in Bioinformatics.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jones, Neil C.; Pevzner, Pavel A. (2004). An introduction to bioinformatics algorithms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-262-10106-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Gary Stormo". ISMB/ECCB 2013. ISCB. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Computational and Experimental Approaches to Modeling Gene Regulation @ uncCharlotte". UNC Charlotte Department of Bioinformatics and Genomics. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Gary Stormo, Member - Scientific Advisory Board - Systems Biology, Gene Network Sciences Inc". Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "LGRC - Lung Genomics Research Consortium - Mick Correll". www.lung-genomics.org. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Stormo, Gary D.; Schneider, Thomas D.; Gold, Larry; Ehrenfeucht, Andrzej (1982). "Use of the 'Perceptron' algorithm to distinguish translational initiation sites in E. coli". Nucleic Acids Research. 10 (9): 2997–3011. doi:10.1093/nar/10.9.2997. 
  7. ^ Stormo, G. D. (1 January 2000). "DNA binding sites: representation and discovery". Bioinformatics. 16 (1): 16–23. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/16.1.16. PMID 10812473. 
  8. ^ Sinha, S. (27 July 2006). "On counting position weight matrix matches in a sequence, with application to discriminative motif finding". Bioinformatics. 22 (14): e454–e463. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btl227. PMID 16873507. 
  9. ^ Xia, Xuhua (2012). "Position Weight Matrix, Gibbs Sampler, and the Associated Significance Tests in Motif Characterization and Prediction". Scientifica. 2012: 1–15. doi:10.6064/2012/917540. 
  10. ^ "Past Officers and Board of Directors". www.iscb.org. ISCB. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "ISCB Fellows". www.iscb.org. ISCB. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Gary D. Stormo, PhD, FACMI - AMIA". www.amia.org. AMIA. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "15 years of "Bioinformatics"". Bioinformatics. 30 (6): 747. 2014. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btu076. PMID 24642573. 
  14. ^ Sansom, Clare; Morrison McKay, B. J.; Bourne, Philip E. (18 July 2008). "ISCB Honors David Haussler and Aviv Regev". PLoS Computational Biology. 4 (7): e1000101. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000101. PMC 2536508Freely accessible. PMID 18795145. 
  15. ^ "Current Protocols in Bioinformatics - Wiley Online Library". Wiley. Retrieved 17 January 2014.