Gdańsk University of Technology
|Gdańsk University of Technology|
|Motto||"University with future and imagination"|
|Rector||prof. dr hab. inż. Henryk Krawczyk|
The Gdańsk University of Technology (pol. Politechnika Gdańska) is a technical university in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz, and one of the oldest universities in Poland. It has nine faculties and more than 24 thousand undergraduate, as well as about 400 doctoral students. In 2004 it employed 2500 people, including 1200 academics.
The rector of the university is Henryk Krawczyk.
- 1 History
- 2 Location
- 3 Patrons
- 4 Campus
- 5 Scientific research
- 6 Staff
- 7 Faculties
- 8 International cooperation
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The university was founded in 1904 as Königliche Technische Hochschule zu Danzig. At the time Gdansk, then known as Danzig, was part of the German Empire. The history of Gdansk is complex and the city itself belonged, at different times to Poland, Germany and was a "free city". The names of the city's educational institutions were affected by the changes in the city status.
The university was known by different names:
- 1918–1921: Technische Hochschule in Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna w Gdańsku)
- 1921–1939: Technische Hochschule der Freien Stadt Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna Wolnego Miasta Gdańska)
- 1939–1941: Technische Hochschule Danzig
- 1941–1945: Reichshochschule Danzig
In the late 1930s, Polish students were subject to discrimination by German teachers, many of whom had joined the NSDAP Nazi Party. Following the outbreak of World War II, Polish students were expelled from the university. Instructors who were members of the NSDP taught classes in uniforms of the Nazi party and began each class with a Hitler salute.
Toward the end of the war, the university was turned into a German army hospital. When the Soviet Red Army captured the university/hospital, Russian soldiers shot dead some of the Germans and then closed all exits to the main building and burned alive the remaining wounded German soldiers. The Russians arranged stables and barracks in other buildings. In 1945, all Germans were expelled from the city of Gdansk and the burned ruins were turned into a Polish university (24.05.1945). In light of tragic history of the university under Nazi rule, today's university officially does not continue traditions of pre-war schools and its history starts in 1945.
The school was reorganized and rebuild under the supervision of Stanisław Turski, a Polish mathematician and former inmate of German concentration camps. Turski also served as the first post-war rector of the university.
Important dates in Gdansk University of Technology history:
1900- the cornerstone is laid for the university building
1904- King’s Technical High School is created
1941- 1945 – the university is subordinated to the nazi Germany
1945 – on May 24, the university became a Polish state academy
2004 – 100-year anniversary of founding a Gdansk University of Technology
2004 – 110-year anniversary of founding a Gdansk University of Technology
2020 – Smart University
Gdansk University of Technology (GUT)is located in Gdańsk – a city of more than 1000-year old tradition, situated at the mouth of the Vistula River on the Baltic Sea. Much of the city’s industry is related to shipbuilding and shipping.
Gdańsk is the capital of the Pomeranian region and has nearly 500 000 inhabitants.There are numerous hisher education institutions located in the region. Among this quite considerable group, Gdańsk University of Technology is the largest technical university and the oldest technical university in Poland.
Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) created the first world's great astronomical observatory equipped with telescopes. Hevelius was also a physicist because he discovered centuries old changes in magnetic declination. He was technician too, because he constructed Poland's first pendulum clock, conceived, designed and built the first world's periscope, as well as the first micrometer screw which belongs today to the Gdansk City Council.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) was born in Gdansk. He is mainly known for being the first to use mercury in temperature measuring devices (previously alcohol was used) and developed his own scale of 0 to 212 degrees.
Hevelius and Fahrenheit, the two distinguished physicists who are considered as representatives of Polish science, have their own places of rembrance at Gdańsk University of Technology. By virtue of the Resolution of the Senate, the Yards in the Main Building of Gdańsk University of Technology have been named after the two scientists. Both of them has been commemorated with a reliefs, that have been designed by the scientists of Gdańsk University of Tevhnology due to genetic algorithm and a specially designed computer application running on our supercomputer.
The university campus consists of many buildings built with various architectural styles over the last one hundred years. The monumental Main Building designed at the beginning of the 20th century in the Dutch Neo-Renaissance style by Albert Cersten - an architect and a university professor - is the symbol of the university.
During the second world war 60 percent of the building and 70 percent of its roofing got burnt. The steel framework was the only remains of the clock tower. The damages were rebuilt but the dacision on the tower reconstruction was put off many times. It was rebuilt on the Main Building 13 May 2012.
The campus of the Gdańsk University of Technology is continuously being developed. Elegant, modern, and eco-friendly buildings co-exist with charming and majestic edifices. Classes take place in modern auditoriums and well equipped specialised laboratories.
There are following modern educational and research centers along with supporting units within the university campus:
- Nanotechnology Centre with 25 modern laboratories equipped with unique devices for tests and level of atoms
- Linte 2 Laboratory of Innovative Electrical Power Technologies and Integration of Renewable Energy Sources.
- Maths and Distance Learning Centre that uses modern ICT technologies and tools for mathematical modeling and visualization of data.
- ICT Educational and Research Centre thet collaborates with over 100 companies in Pomerania and their partners in Kuyavia and Mazovia regions.
- Academic Sports Centre modern sports facilities accessible to all students and employees: two swimming-pools; a full size football pitch,a sports hall, a volleyball pitch, outdoor tenis courts, a fitness gym, bodybuilding gyms a rowing gym and judo hall.
Gdańsk University of Technology has a modern student housing estate, which accommodates more than 2,500 people in 11 dormitories located in three attractive locations in the city.
- 300 inventions ready for implementation
- 200 research and development projects currently carried out
- 700 agreements with entrepreneurs concluded in last 3 years
There are high investment projects carried out under the MAESTRO programme, the Applied Research Programme, the LIDER programme, the INNOTECH programme and the new GRAF-TECH programme. Outstanding students carry out their projects at the university within Diamond Grant programme.
Gdańsk University of Technology employs over 2500, including 1200 teachers:
- over 100 full professors
- 135 senior doctor lecturers
- 576 doctors
Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Civil engineering (structural engineering, construction engineering)
- Water resources engineering
- Transportation engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Sanitary engineering
- Geodesy engineering (Surveying)
Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics
- Information Technology
- Biomedical engineering
- Electronic and Telecommunications engineering
- Automation and robotics engineering
Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology
Management and Economics
- undergraduate and graduate programs in Management and Marketing
Applied Physics and Mathematics
Electrical and Control Engineering
The Gdańsk University of Technology takes part in the European ERASMUS plus programme, LLP Erasmus, LLP Erasmus Intensive Programs, Erasmus Mundus, Jean Monnet, CEEPUS, Tempus and Leonardo da Vinci. Number of foreign students and visitors from all over the world grows year after year.
- Józef Włodarski. "Technical University in Gdańsk in the years 1904–1945, official website of Gdansk Technical University". Józef Włodarski. Retrieved November 25, 2009.