Tricity, Poland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Urban area
Długie Pobrzeże in Gdańsk (Motława).jpg
Muelle de Sopot, Polonia, 2013-05-22, DD 18.jpg
Gdynia z lotu ptaka - 081.JPG
Gdansk filharmonia 2.jpg
Danzig, European Solidarity Centre.jpg
Gdynia. Sea Towers. - panoramio.jpg
Ayuntamiento Principal, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 07.jpg
Tricity is located in Poland
Map of the Tricity area
Coordinates: 54°26′N 18°33′E / 54.433°N 18.550°E / 54.433; 18.550
 • Mayor of GdańskAleksandra Dulkiewicz
 • Mayor of GdyniaWojciech Szczurek
 • Mayor of SopotJacek Karnowski
 • Urban area414.81 km2 (160.16 sq mi)
 • Urban area748,986
 • Density1,806/km2 (4,680/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+48 058
Car PlatesGA, GD, GSP

Tricity, or Tri-City (Polish: Trójmiasto; Polish pronunciation: [trujˈmʲastɔ], German: Dreistadt; German pronunciation: [ˈdʁaɪ̯ʃtat], Kashubian: Trzëgard; Kashubian pronunciation: [tʂɛgard]) is a metropolitan area in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, consisting of three cities: Gdańsk, Gdynia, and Sopot, as well as minor towns in their vicinity. They are situated adjacent to one another, in a row on the coast of Gdańsk Bay, Baltic Sea, in Pomerelia. In 2021, the three main cities of Tricity were inhabited by 749 786 people, while the its metropolitan area had a population of between 1 and 1.5 million people, depending on the definition of its boundaries.

The name Tricity (Trójmiasto) was used informally or semi-formally only, until 28 March 2007, when the Tricity Charter (Polish: Karta Trójmiasta) was signed as a declaration of the cities' cooperation.


Nearly 35% of taxpayers from Tricity are in the middle and high taxable income groups (average for Poland 10%). Approximately 12% of Tricity taxpayers are in the highest taxable income group (Polish average 3%).


The total population of the 3 cities comprising Tricity (Gdańsk + Gdynia + Sopot):

  • XII.1960: 481,100 inhabitants (286,900 + 150,200 + 44,000)
  • XII.1970: 604,800 inhabitants (365,600 + 191,500 + 47,700)
  • XII.1975: 693,800 inhabitants (421,000 + 221,100 + 51,700)
  • XII.1980: 744,400 inhabitants (456,700 + 236,400 + 51,300)
  • XII.2004: 754,960 inhabitants (460,524 + 253,650 + 40,785)
  • XII.2006: 748,126 inhabitants (456,658 + 251,844 + 39,624)
  • XII.2019: 752,954 inhabitants (470,907 + 246,348 + 35,719)
  • XII.2021: 749,786 inhabitants (470,633 + 244,104 + 35,049)

The Tricity metropolitan area also includes Wejherowo, Reda, Rumia, Pruszcz Gdański, and several other communities. The total population in 2006 was 1,100,500, in an area of 1580.69 km2.

The Tricity continuous urban area includes following cities:

city area
pop. 1996 pop. 1999 pop. 2003 pop. 2019
Gdańsk 265.03 261.96 462,336 457,937 461,011 470,907
Gdynia 135.49 135.14 251,932 255,014 253,500 246,348
Sopot 17.31 17.31 43,360 42,333 41,017 35,719
Pruszcz Gdański 16.47 16.47 21,470 21,757 23,187 31,326
Rumia 32,86 30.10 ? 40 200 43 000 49,230
Reda 26.39 33.46 15,422 17,510 17,868 26,307
Wejherowo 25.65 26.99 47,357 47,038 46,900 49,505
Total 513.42 504.96 882,871 884,080 885,240 909,342

According to official EU publication[1] the population of Larger Urban Zone of Tricity is 1 098 379.


The Tricity is an important center of education.

  • Gdańsk: Number of universities: 13 (2010) Number of students: 52,436 (2009) Number of graduates: 10,439 (2001)
  • Gdynia: Number of universities: 7 (2010) Number of students: 21,362 (2010)

Some of the universities in the Tricity:

  • Academy of Physical Education in Gdańsk
  • Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk
  • Academy of Music in Gdańsk
  • Gdynia Maritime University
  • Polish Naval Academy in Gdynia
  • Medical University of Gdańsk
  • University of Gdańsk
  • Gdańsk University of Technology
  • SWPS University in Sopot
  • Sopot University of Applied Sciences
  • Gdańsk School of Banking
  • Gdańsk Management College
  • Gdańsk Higher School of Humanities
  • Gdańsk Administration School
  • Social Economic Higher School in Gdańsk
  • The Higher School of Tourism and Hotel Industry in Gdańsk
  • Academy of International Economic and Political Relations in Gdynia
  • Kwiatkowski University of Business and Administration in Gdynia
  • Pomeranian Higher School of Humanities in Gdynia
  • The Higher School of Physical Culture and Tourism in Sopot
  • Sopot College



  • Gdańsk Film Centre (studio cinemas; all three closed in 2015)
    • Helikon
    • Kameralne
    • Neptun
  • Helios Gdynia
  • Kameralne Cafe
  • Kinoplex
  • Multikino Gdynia (closed in 2018)
  • Multikino Gdańsk
  • Multikino Sopot
  • Multikino Rumia
  • Polonia
  • Żak


  • Wybrzeże Theatre
  • Danuta Baduszkowa Musical Theatre in Gdynia
  • Witold Gombrowicz Municipal Theatre in Gdynia
  • Atelier Theatre in Sopot
  • Dreams Theatre
  • Miniatura Theatre in Gdańsk
  • Theatre Znak in Gdańsk
  • Wybrzeżak Theatre
  • Gdańsk Shakespeare Theatre
  • Scena Kameralna Teatru Wybrzeże
  • Summer Scene of Gdynia's Municipal Theatre
  • Scena Teatralna ŻAK
  • Theatrum Gedanense Foundation[2]

Opera house and Philharmonic

  • Forest Opera in Sopot
  • Frederic Chopin Polish Baltic Philharmonic
  • Polska Filharmonia Kameralna in Sopot
  • The Baltic Opera

Museums and art galleries

  • Gdańsk City Gallery[3]
  • Chodowiecki and Grass House
  • Państwowa Galeria Sztuki in Sopot
  • National Museum[4]
  • Zbrojownia Sztuki[5]
  • Art Cybernetics Institute (ICS)
  • CSW Łaźnia
  • Art Lab Wyspa
  • multiple small noninstitutional galleries (Galeria UL, Tajna Galeria, Brama Wyżynna, KIT)
  • Museum of the Second World War[6]


Tricity has a temperate climate with warm summers and cold winters that can be very severe. Rain is possible all year round. Summer is the best time to visit when temperatures range from 70 °F to 90 °F (20 °C to 30 °C), but evenings can be cool enough to require a sweater. Winters are wet, cold and grey.

Climate data for Tricity (Gdańsk)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
Average low °C (°F) −4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.1
Source: Weatherbase[7]


Tricity has a number of professional teams, which compete in basketball, volleyball, speedway, handball, rugby union and football.

The most known football clubs, contesting the Tricity Derby, are Lechia Gdańsk and Arka Gdynia, both of which also possess highly successful rugby teams, RC Arka and RC Lechia. There is a third top-flight Polish rugby team Ogniwo Sopot, making the Tricity Poland's rugby capital. The third football club is Bałtyk Gdynia.

Wybrzeże Gdańsk are the Tricity's speedway team, formerly a multi-sports club, now its only other remaining section is the reactivated handball team, former ten-times men's Polish champions.

Asseco Gdynia and Trefl Sopot are the two men's professional basketball teams, while Lotos Gdynia are their female counterparts.


The Tricity has a well-developed public transport system.

Development of the Tricity was smoothed by the construction of the city train (SKM) 1951, binding the whole area from Tczew by Gdańsk, Sopot 1953, Gdynia 1956, Reda, Rumia to Wejherowo 1957.

The backbone of the Tricity is the inner highway. It starts in Gdańsk and goes through Sopot, Gdynia, Rumia and Reda to Wejherowo. It consists of 2-4 lanes in each direction.

In 1975 the dual carriageway Tricity Beltway (Obwodnica Trójmiejska) was constructed. It starts in the vicinity of Pruszcz Gdański and goes through the western districts of Gdańsk to Gdynia-Chylonia.


Local Rail[edit]

The Tricity area is served by the SKM rail network (known in Polish as Szybka Kolej Miejska or "Fast Urban Railway"). It operates many routes in the area, acting partly as a commuter rail connecting the outer-lying towns and villages of the area with each other and the central cities of Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, and partly as a sort of metro or light rail service in the urban core centred around the three main cities. The frequencies are ranging from every 6 minutes during peak time on the main common section between Gdańsk and Gdynia to 30 minutes at the farthest ends. The local rail network has had a unifying effect on the urban area since it began service in 1951, creating a frequent and reliable service which connects the various settlements of the region.

In 2015, the Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna (PKM, Pomeranian Metropolitan Railway) opened, connecting the centrally located Gdańsk Wrzeszcz with Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport. The 19.5 km line also provides connections to the SKM network at its northern and southern termini.

Intercity Rail[edit]

The area is well connected to the rest of the Pomerania region, as well as Poland and the rest of Europe. Polregio network provides a regional rail service connecting the cities and towns of the Pomerania. Gdańsk Główny and Gdynia Glowna serve as major rail hubs for the area, with these stations and five others, Gdańsk Wrzeszcz, Gdańsk Oliwa, Sopot, Wejherowo and Rumia offering inter-city services to cities around Poland and in other countries, operated by Polish State Railways under the PKP Intercity branding. Most of the stations that are served by regional and inter-city rail are also part of the above-mentioned SKM network.


Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport is one of the three main international Polish airports. Its position is associated with a well-developed network of domestic and international transport connections provided in response to the growing demand for business and tourist travel.

The Gdańsk Airport is located a mere 10 km from the centre of Gdańsk, about the same distance from the centre of Sopot and 23 km from the centre of Gdynia. The continually expanding road system which connects the airport with the city centres allows drivers to cover the distances in about 15–20 minutes. The close vicinity of the Tri-city by-pass and junctions with state motorways nos. 1, 6 and 7 facilitates access from areas outside the Tri-city. The convenient location of the airport makes it easy for travellers and cargo carriers to transfer from air to road, and also to the railway network and seaports. Gdańsk Lech Walesa Airport has its own railway siding which can be used for handling large lots of cargo dispatched by air.

The efficient Gdańsk Airport operates even the biggest planes and allows thousands of tourists to visit the Pomerania province every day. Just in front of the main entrance to the passenger terminal, the visitors can find a bus that will take them to the city centre. There are frequent trains running from the train station in front of the airport to Gdynia, Gdańsk Wrszeszcz, Kartuzy and Koscierzyna. They may also choose to take a taxi that will take them wherever they want to go in the area of the Tri-City for a relatively small price.

Getting airport by bus

  • to/from Gdańsk Wrzeszcz - line 110
  • to/from Gdańsk - line 210
  • to/from Gdańsk Wrzeszcz/ Gdańsk Central Train Station - night line N3
  • to/from Gdynia Central Train Station - SKM/PKM line
Passenger terminal at Gdańsk Airport

Airplanes connections with GDN:


Ferryboats connections with Gdynia, Sopot, Gdańsk:


The variety and a number of connections make the travel around the Tri-City and surrounding areas very easy. One of the most popular means of transport in the Pomerania province is the public bus. There is a great number of bus lines and they cover every district of the three cities of the metropolis. In Gdynia, except normal buses, there are also Trolleybuses.

Foreign representatives[edit]




See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Urban Audit". European Commission. 2006. Archived from the original on 2013-05-31.
  2. ^ Sprintnet. "Theatrum Gedanense".
  3. ^ "Gdańska Galeria Miejska".
  4. ^ "Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku".
  5. ^ "Zbrojownia Sztuki".
  6. ^ "Museum of the Second World War".
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Gdańsk, Poland". Retrieved February 11, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°26′N 18°33′E / 54.433°N 18.550°E / 54.433; 18.550