Gençlerbirliği S.K.

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Gençlerbirliği
Gençlerbirliği logo.png
Full name Gençlerbirliği Spor Kulübü
Nickname(s) Ankara Rüzgârı (The Wind of Ankara)
Founded 14 March 1923; 94 years ago (1923-03-14)
Ground Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium
Ground Capacity 19,209
President Murat Cavcav
Manager Ümit Özat
League Süper Lig
2016–17 Süper Lig, 8th
Website Club home page

Gençlerbirliği Spor Kulübü (pronounced Turkish pronunciation: [ɟent͡ʃˈleɾbiɾliː]) is a professional Turkish football club located in the city of Ankara, which is the capital of Turkey. Formed in 1923, Gençlerbirliği are nicknamed Ankara Rüzgârı (The Wind of Ankara). The club colours are black and red. They play their home matches at Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadyumu. Domestically, the club has won the Türkiye Kupası twice, in 1987 and 2001. The club also won the now-defunct Turkish Football Championship (twice) and Ankara Football League (ten times). Their greatest success continentally came in 2004. The club reached the fourth round of the UEFA Cup before losing to eventual champions Valencia.

History[edit]

Gençlerbirliği squad in 1924

Gençlerbirliği was founded in a slightly different way to many other football clubs, having been established by students from a high school, Ankara Erkek Lisesi (Sultani Mektebi). The students in question (Ramiz Eren, Mennan İz, Mazhar Atacanlı, Sait, Kenan, Nuri, Namık Katoğlu, Namık Ambarcıoğlu, Rıdvan Kırmacı, Hafi Araç, Ruhi, Sarı Ziya and Hakkı) had failed to be selected for their own school team, and asked one of their student friends, Asim, to talk with his father about setting up a football team for them to show how well they could play.

On 14 March 1923, Asim's father, the member of parliament from Muş Province established the team for his son and his friends. Since all the members of the teams were students he chose the name 'Youth Union'. They elected Sarı Ziya's father Faik Bey as their first chairman.[1]

Subsequently these young students wanted to play against the school team which had not selected them. Gençlerbirliği won the game, played at "Hamit tarlası", 3–0. According to these young rebel players this victory forged the identity of their new team.

They won Ankara Football League 10 times between 1923–59. They entered the Turkish National League in 1959 and played 12 seasons until relegation in 1969–70 season. They played in the second level until relegation to third level in 1978–79 season. They came back to second level after merging third level with second level after finishing 1979–80 season. They finished second from last in A Group of Second League, Sakaryaspor won championship, and had to relegation to regional league. But, because of increasing teams of the second level, Gençlerbirliği was readmitted. Gençlerbirliği won D Group of it in 1982–83 season and returned to the top-flight after 13 years. They relegated again in 1987–88 season. Finally, Gençlerbirliği returned to the top-flight in 1988–89 season, in first return attempt. Gençlerbirliği's the most successful seasons were 1965–66 and 2002–03. They had 3rd in these seasons.

Colors[edit]

There are two rumors about how Gençlerbirliği got its team colors, black and red:

  • The young students went to a local haberdashers and the only available colors were black and red. They purchased these colors to sew their own kit. [2]
  • The outskirts of Ankara during spring time sees plenty of Poppy flowers (Gelincik) blooming and Gençlerbirliği selected the red and black of this flower for its colors. Gençlerbirliği merchandise in its store is usually called Gelincik by its supporters.

Rivalry[edit]

Gençlerbirliği's arch-rival is the neighbouring club Ankaragücü and games between the clubs are considered as the "Derby of the Capital".

Youth academy and scouting[edit]

Gençlerbirliği has always been one of the teams in Turkey most notable for its talented young footballers that it procures through scouting both in Turkey and throughout Europe and Africa. For example, Geremi was scouted and raised by the club, transferred to Real Madrid and later Chelsea. Another of Gençlerbirliği's young stars Isaac Promise received the 2005–06 Turkcell Super League Individual Youth player of the year award.[1]

Gençlerbirliği's state-of-the-art youth academy is in Beştepe, Ankara with 50 acres (200,000 m2) of training facilities (Beştepe İlhan Cavcav Tesisleri).

Gençlerbirliği has been run by the current president İlhan Cavcav since 1977. With Cavcav's help, Gençlerbirliği have become one of the more stable clubs in Turkey. This has been achieved mainly through the departure of the most talented players every season to the other clubs in Turkey. Departing players are usually replaced with much cheaper imports from Turkey, Europe or Africa.

Honours[edit]

Domestic League[edit]

  • Ankara Football League
    • Winners (10): 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1945–46, 1949–50, 1950–51
    • Runners-up (7): 1925–26, 1926–27, 1928–29, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1942–43, 1947–48

Domestic Cup[edit]

  • Turkish Cup
    • Winners (2): 1986–87, 2000–01
    • Runners-up (3): 2002–03, 2003–04, 2007–08,

European participations[edit]

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup[edit]

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1987–88 1R Soviet Union Dinamo Minsk 1–2 0–2 1–4

UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League[edit]

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
2001–02 1R Sweden Halmstad 1–1 0–1 1–2
2003–04 1R England Blackburn Rovers 3–1 1–1 4–2
2R Portugal Sporting CP 1–1 3–0 4–1
3R Italy Parma 3–0 1–0 4–0
4R Spain Valencia 1–0 0–2 (aet) 1–2
2004–05 Q2 Croatia Rijeka 1–0 1–2 2–2 (ag)
1R Greece Egaleo 1–1 0–1 1–2

UEFA Intertoto Cup[edit]

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1995 GS Israel Hapoel Petah Tikva 4–0 3rd place
GS France Strasbourg 1–4
GS Malta Floriana 3–0
GS Austria Tirol Innsbruck 2–3

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 31 May 2017[2]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Sweden GK Johannes Hopf
13 Turkey GK Nihat Şahin
29 Turkey GK Taha Cengiz Demirtaş
2 Turkey DF Ahmet Oğuz
3 Turkey DF Uğur Çiftçi
15 Belarus DF Syarhey Palitsevich
4 Netherlands DF Ferhat Görgülü
12 Brazil DF Luccas Claro
67 Turkey DF Orhan Şam
79 Turkey DF Anil Karaer
7 Turkey MF Serdar Gürler
8 Montenegro MF Aleksandar Šćekić
11 Serbia MF Marko Milinković
No. Position Player
14 Sweden MF Jonathan Ring
93 Turkey MF Umut Sözen
20 Turkey MF Aydın Karabulut
21 Turkey MF Selçuk Şahin
22 Brazil MF Bady
23 Ghana MF Kamal Issah
30 Romania MF Cosmin Matei
55 Sweden MF Abdul Khalili
18 Albania FW Agon Mehmeti
9 Kosovo FW Vedat Muriqi
31 South Africa FW Tokelo Rantie
88 Slovenia FW Etien Velikonja
Serbia FW Petar Škuletić

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Turkey FW Berat Tosun (on loan to Adana Demirspor until 30 June 2017)
 

Most capped players[edit]

Player Caps Period
1 Turkey Tevfik Kutlay 343 1959–72
2 Turkey Selçuk Çakmaklı 337 1959–72
3 Turkey Avni Okumuş 317 1983–93
4 Turkey Zeynel Soyuer 291 1959–70
5 Turkey Metin Diyadin 286 1988–98
6 Turkey Nihat Baştürk 279 1994–04
7 Turkey Okan Gedikali 274 1981–91
8 Turkey Orhan Yüksel 235 1959–66
9 Turkey Cemalettin Sakallıoğlu 235 1975–84
10 Turkey Mehmet Şimşek 233 1993–01

Top goalscorers[edit]

Player Goals (Caps) Period
1 Democratic Republic of the Congo Andre Kona N'Gole 73 (147) 1993–01
2 Turkey Avni Okumuş 72 (317) 1983–93
3 Turkey Orhan Yüksel 71 (235) 1959–66
4 Turkey Ümit Karan 60 (150) 1997–01
5 Guinea Souleymane Youla 56 (134) 2001–05
6 Turkey Harun Erol 50 (193) 1979–91
7 Turkey Muammer Nurlu 48 (150) 1983–89
8 Turkey Abdullah Çevrim 48 (154) 1961–66
9 Turkey Zeynel Soyuer 48 (291) 1959–70
10 Turkey Tevfik Kutlay 47 (343) 1959–72

Former players[edit]

Managers[edit]

Presidents[edit]

 
Name Years
Münif Kemal Ak 1923–36
Saffet Gürol 1936–43
Namık Ambarlıoğlu 1943–44
Fevzi Magat 1944–46
Namık Katoğlu 1947–48
Yusuf Bahri 1948–49
Orhan Şeref Apak 1949–50
Reşat Taşer 1950–52
 
Name Years
Nuri Togay 1952–55
Mümtaz Tarhan 1955–57
Ahmet Salih Korur 1957–58
Orhan Şeref Apak 1958–61
Turhan Ogan 1961–63
İbrahim Sıtkı Hatipoğlu 1964–65
Muslihittin Yılmaz Mete 1965–66
İsmet Sezgin 1966–67
 
Name Years
Hadi Özbay 1967–68
Necip Türegen 1968–69
Mehmet Ali Tuzcuoğlu 1969–70
Adil Evrensel 1970–72
Sezai Diblan 1972–74
Hasan Şengel 1976–77
İlhan Cavcav 1977–2017
Murat Cavcav 2017-

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genclerbirligi team profile turkish-football.com (English) accessed 27 Jan 2012
  2. ^ "Gençlerbirliği". FootballSquads. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 

External links[edit]