Geoffrey Marcy

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Geoffrey Marcy
Geoffrey Marcy.jpg
Marcy in 2007
Born (1954-09-29) September 29, 1954 (age 60)
St. Clair Shores, Michigan, U.S.[1]
Nationality American
Fields Astronomy, Astrophysics
Institutions Carnegie Institution for Science
San Francisco State University
University of California, Berkeley
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles (B.A.)
University of California, Santa Cruz (Ph.D.)
Doctoral advisors George H. Herbig[2] and Steven S. Vogt [3]
Known for Extrasolar planet discoveries
Notable awards Henry Draper Medal (2001)
Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize (2002)
Shaw Prize (2005)

Geoffrey W. Marcy (born September 29, 1954) is an American astronomer. He is currently a Professor of Astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley and an Adjunct Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the San Francisco State University .[4] He is one of the pioneers and leaders in the discovery and characterization of planets around other stars. His research teams are recognized for discovering more extrasolar planets than any others, including 70 out of the first 100 known exoplanets[5] and also the first planetary system around a Sun-like star, Upsilon Andromedae.[6][7] Marcy was a co-Investigator on the NASA Kepler mission [8] that discovered over 4000 exoplanets. Early collaborators include R. Paul Butler, Debra Fischer and Professor Steven S. Vogt.[1][9] Later collaborators include Jason Wright, Andrew Howard, Katie Peek, John Johnson, Erik Petigura, Lea Hirsch and the Kepler Science Team.[10]

Early life and education[edit]

Marcy graduated from Granada Hills High School in Granada Hills, California in 1972. [11] He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Summa Cum Laude with a double major in physics and astronomy from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1976.[12] He then completed a Doctor of Philosophy in Astronomy in 1982 at the University of California, Santa Cruz,[13] with much of his work done at Lick Observatory.

Academic career[edit]

Marcy has held teaching and research positions, first at the Carnegie Institution of Washington (then the Mt. Wilson and Las Campanas Observatories) as a Carnegie Fellow from 1982 to 1984. [14] He then worked as an Associate Professor of Physics and Astronomy from 1984 to 1996 and then as a Distinguished University Professor from 1997 to 1999 at the San Francisco State University. [15]

Marcy is has been a Professor of Astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley from 1999 to present.[16] From 2000 to 2012, he was the Director of UC Berkeley's Center for Integrative Planetary Science. He is currently the Watson and Marilyn Alberts Chair for SETI.[1][17] Marcy is also one of the Team Leaders of the Breakthrough Initiatives that will search for intelligent life in the universe, using large radio and optical telescopes.[18]

Astronomy career[edit]

In the early 1980s, his research into stellar magnetic fields[19] had reached a dead end.

Marcy and his team confirmed Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz's discovery of the first extrasolar planet orbiting a Sun-like star—51 Pegasi b.[20] Other achievements have included discovering the first multiple planet system around a star similar to our own (Upsilon Andromedae),[6][7] the first transiting planet around another star, simultaneously with D.Charbonneau and T.Brown (HD209458b), the first extrasolar planet orbiting beyond 5 AU (55 Cancri d),[21] and the first Neptune-sized planets (Gliese 436b and 55 Cancri e).[22] Marcy was a Co-Investigator of the NASA Kepler mission [23] that discovered over 4000 exoplanets, most being smaller than 4x the size of Earth. His team, led by Erik Petigura and Andrew Howard, showed that approximately 20% of Sun-like stars have a planet of 1-2x the size of Earth and receive incident stellar light within a factor of 4 of the light the Earth receives from the Sun, making them warm planets, many of which accommodate liquid water.[24] Marcy devotes much of his time to the search for intelligent life in the universe, using radio and optical telescopes. He is curently one of the project leaders with the Breakthrough Initiative.[25]

In the media[edit]

  • He was profiled in the New York Times Profiles in Science, "Finder of New Worlds”, 2014[26]
  • He appeared in the PBS Nova episode "Alien Planets Revealed]", airing in 2014[27]
  • He appeared in the PBS Nova episode "Finding Life Beyond Earth", airing in 2012[28]
  • National Academy of Sciences InterViews, 2004 [29]
  • Guest on the "Late Show with David Letterman 12 April 2001
  • "Extrasolar Planets", Astronomy Magazine, vol. 28, #3, cover story with R.Paul Butler, March 2000
  • He is featured on History Channel's "The Universe" programs.
  • He was interviewed by Planetary Radio at least three times.
  • NY Times Front Page: "In a Golden Age of Discovery, Faraway Worlds Beckon", Feb.9, 1997[30]
  • He appeared in the PBS Nova episode "Hunt for Alien Worlds" originally airing in Feb. 1997
  • He appeared in the BBC Horizon episode "The Planet Hunters" originally airing in Mar. 1996
  • TIME Magazine, Cover Story, Feb. 5, 1996[31][32]
  • The MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, Jan. 18, 1996
  • ABC Nightline with Ted Koppel, Oct. 20, 1995[33]

Honors[edit]

Personal[edit]

Marcy lives with his wife Susan Kegley[43] in California.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Overbye, Dennis (May 12, 2013). "Finder of New Worlds". New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Autobiography of Geoffrey Marcy". The Shaw Prize. Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Tim Stephens (September 4, 2007). "Major gift supports crucial piece of Automated Planet Finder". University of California, Santa Cruz. Retrieved October 6, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Faculty Profile". Department of Astronomy, UC Berkeley. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Marcy, G.W. (2014). "Technology Enabling the First 100 Exoplanets". American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts 223 (#91.03). 
  6. ^ a b "A Family of Giants: First System of Multiple Planets Found around a Sun-like Star". NASA Science News. NASA. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "SFSU Public Affairs Press Release: First system of multiple planets found around a Sun-like star". San Francisco State University. Public Affairs Office at San Francisco State University. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Kepler Team". Kepler: A Search for Habitable Planets. Ames Research Center. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Lemonick, Michael (December 16, 2009). "Super-Earth: Astronomers Find a Watery New Planet". Time Magazine. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Kepler Team". Kepler: A Search for Habitable Planets. Ames Research Center. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Autobiography of Geoffrey Marcy". The Shaw Prize. Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "UCLA Spotlight". Spotlight.ucla.com. UCLA Marketing and Communications. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Alumni Achievement Award". University of California Santa Cruz Alumni. Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Autobiography of Geoffrey Marcy". The Shaw Prize. Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "Multiple planets discovered around Upsilon Andromeda". Harvard-Smithsonain Center for Astrophysics. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "Current Faculty". Department of Astronomy. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Dvorsky, George (June 8, 2012). "Meet SETI’s new boss: Geoff Marcy, the planet hunter". Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Leaders". Breakthrough Initiatives. Breakthrough Prize Foundation. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  19. ^ "Astronomy Abstract Service". SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  20. ^ Marcy, G.W. Butler, R.P., Williams, E., et.al. (1997). "The Planet around 51 Pegasi". Astrophys. Journal 481 (926). 
  21. ^ Marcy, G.W., Butler, R.P., Fischer, D. A. et.al. (2002). "A Planet at 5 AU around 55 Cancri". Astrophysical Journal 581 (1375). 
  22. ^ Britt, Robert Roy. "Two Neptune-Mass Planets Found, Earth-Size Worlds Next". Space.com. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Kepler Team". Kepler: A Search for Habitable Planets. Ames Research Center. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Petigura, E.A., Howard, A.W., Marcy, G.W. (2013). "Prevalence of Earth-size planets orbiting Sun-like stars". Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 110 (19273). 
  25. ^ "Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking Announce $100 Million Breakthrough Initiative to Dramatically Accelerate Search for Intelligent Life in the Universe". Breakthrough Initiatives. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  26. ^ Overbye, Dennis (12 May 2014). "Finder of New Worlds". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "NOVA - Alien Planets Revealed". pbs.org. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  28. ^ "NOVA - Finding Life Beyond Earth". pbs.org. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  29. ^ "InterViews". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  30. ^ Noble Wilford, John (February 9, 1997). "In a Golden Age of Discovery, Faraway Worlds Beckon". New York Times (New York Times). Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  31. ^ Lemonick, Michael D. (February 5, 1996). "Searching for Other Worlds". content.time.com (Time Magazine). Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  32. ^ Dorminey, Bruce (2002). Distant Wanderers: The Search for Planets Beyond the Solar System. New York: Copernicus Books. p. 51. ISBN 0-387-95074-5. 
  33. ^ Dorminey, Bruce (2002). Distant Wanderers: The Search for Planets Beyond the Solar System. New York: Copernicus Books. p. 52. ISBN 0-387-95074-5. 
  34. ^ Goldsmith, Donald (1997). Worlds Unnumbered: The Search for ExtraSolar Planets. Sausalito, CA: University Science Books. p. 1. ISBN 0-935702-97-0. 
  35. ^ "Henry Draper Medal". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Member Directory". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  37. ^ "2005 Announcement and Citation". The Shaw Prize. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  38. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients from 1997 to present". University of Delaware. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  39. ^ "Sagan Prize Recipients". wonderfest.org. 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 13, 2011. 
  41. ^ "PNAS Announces Six 2013 Cozzareli Prize Recipients". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  42. ^ "Miller Professors". Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  43. ^ "Susan Kegley, PhD". Pesticide Research Institute. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 

External links[edit]