12 May 1919|
7 May 2017 (aged 97)|
Jiao Tong University|
University of Strasbourg
Shaw Prize in Mathematics (2006)|
State Preeminent Science and Technology Award (2000)
|Doctoral advisor||Charles Ehresmann|
Wu Wenjun (Chinese: 吴文俊; 12 May 1919 – 7 May 2017), also commonly known as Wu Wen-tsün, was a Chinese mathematician and academician at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), best known for the Wu's method of characteristic set.
Wu's ancestral hometown was Jiashan, Zhejiang. He was born in Shanghai and graduated from National Chiao Tung University in 1940. In 1945, Wu taught several months at Hangchow University (later merged into Zhejiang University) in Hangzhou.
In 1947, he went to France for further study at the University of Strasbourg. In 1949, he received his PhD, for his thesis Sur les classes caractéristiques des structures fibrées sphériques, written under the direction of Charles Ehresmann. Afterwards, he did some work in Paris with René Thom and discovered the Wu class and Wu formula in algebraic topology. In 1951 he was appointed to a post at Peking University. However, Wu may have been among a wave of recalls of Chinese academics working in the West following Chiang Kai-shek's ouster from the mainland in 1949, according to eyewitness testimony by Marcel Berger, as he disappeared from France one day, without saying a word to anyone.
Honors and awards
In 1957, he was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In 1986 he was an Invited Speaker of the ICM in Berkeley. In 1990, he was elected as an academician of The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS).
Along with Yuan Longping, he was awarded the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award by President Jiang Zemin in 2000, when this highest scientific and technological prize in China began to be awarded. He also received the TWAS Prize in 1990 and the Shaw Prize in 2006. He was the President of the Chinese society of mathematics. He died on May 7, 2017, 5 days before his 98th birthday.
The research of Wu includes the following fields: algebraic topology, algebraic geometry, game theory, history of mathematics, automated theorem proving. His most important contributions are to algebraic topology. The Wu class and the Wu formula are named after him. In the field of automated theorem proving, he is known for Wu's method.
He was also active in the field of the history of Chinese mathematics. He was the chief editor of the ten-volume Grand Series of Chinese Mathematics, covering the time from antiquity to late part of the Qin dynasty.
- Wen-Tsun, Wu:Rational Homotopy Type: A Constructive Study Via the Theory of the I*-Measure ISBN 0-387-13611-8
- Wen-tsun, Wu & Min-de, Cheng, CHINESE MATHEMATICS INTO THE 21ST CENTURY
- Wen-tsun, Wu, A THEORY OF IMBEDDING IMMERSION AND ISOTOPY OF POLYTOPES IN A EUCLIDEAN SPACE
- Wen-tsun, Wu,Mechanical Theorem Proving in Geometries. ISBN 3211825061
- Wen-Tsun, Wu; Georges Reeb:Sur Les Espaces Fibres Et Les Varietes Feuilletees
- SELECT WORKS OF WEN-TSUN WU ISBN 9789812791078
- Wen-tsun, Wu: Mathematics Mechanization: Mechanical Geometry Theorem-Proving, Mechanical Geometry Problem-Solving and Polynomial Equations-Solving ISBN 0-7923-5835-X
- Wen-Tsun, Wu, and Hu Guo-Ding, eds, Computer Mathematics ISBN 9810215282 .
- Katz, Mikhail G. (2007). Systolic geometry and topology. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 137. Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8218-4177-8..
- Wu, Wen-tsün (2008). "Recent studies of the history of Chinese mathematics". In: Selected Works Of Wen-Tsun Wu. pp. 273–283.
- "Prizes and Awards". The World Academy of Sciences. 2016.
- Zhang, Guo (2017-05-07). "首届国家最高科技奖得主、著名数学家吴文俊逝世，享年98岁". The Paper. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
- Wu Wenjun at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Wu Wenjun", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Wenjun Wu (2006). "Autobiography of Professor Wu Wentsun". The Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 2007-09-16.
- Wu's homepage (in Chinese)