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Shelton at Comicfestival München 2013
May 31, 1940 |
|The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers
Fat Freddy's Cat
Not Quite Dead
|Collaborators||Dave Sheridan, Paul Mavrides, Pic|
|Awards||Inkpot Award, 1978
Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, 2012
Gilbert Shelton (born May 31, 1940) is an American cartoonist, musician, and a key member of the underground comix movement. He is the creator of the iconic underground characters The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Fat Freddy's Cat, and Wonder Wart-Hog.
Early life and education
Shelton was born in Houston, Texas. He graduated from Lamar High School in Houston. He attended Washington and Lee University, Texas A&M University, and the University of Texas at Austin, where he received his bachelor's degree in the social sciences in 1961. His early cartoons were published in the University of Texas' humor magazine The Texas Ranger.
Directly after graduation, Shelton moved to New York City and got a job editing automotive magazines, where he would sneak his drawings into print. Early work of his was published in Warren Publishing's Help! The idea for the character of Wonder Wart-Hog, a porcine parody of Superman, came to him in 1961. The following year, Shelton moved back to Texas to enroll in graduate school and get a student deferment from the draft. The first two Wonder Wart-Hog stories appeared in Bacchanal, a short-lived college humor magazine, in the spring of 1962. That same year, he published (in zine form) Foolbert Sturgeon's The Adventures of Jesus, one of the first underground comix. He then became editor of The Texas Ranger and published more Wonder Wart-Hog stories.
After switching from graduate school to art school (where he befriended singer Janis Joplin) for two years, he was finally drafted, but Army doctors declared him medically unfit after he admitted to taking psychedelic drugs. After this, in 1964 and 1965, he spent some time in Cleveland, where his girlfriend Pat Brown (another UT alum) was going to the Cleveland Institute of Art. He applied for a job at the Cleveland-based American Greeting Card Company (where a fellow underground comic artist Robert Crumb had worked) but was turned down.
The period of 1965–1968 was an itinerant one for Shelton: he moved to New York to work for the underground East Village Other, and to Los Angeles to work for the Los Angeles Free Press. Around this time Shelton became art director for the Vulcan Gas Company, a rock music venue in Austin, Texas, where he worked with Jim Franklin. He created a number of posters in the style of contemporary California poster artists such as Victor Moscoso and Rick Griffin. After a year of this, he moved to San Francisco in 1968, hopeful that being closer to the action would enable him to do more poster work; as it turned out, he finally got his break in the world of underground comix.
That same year, Millar Publishing Company, who had been publishing regular Wonder Wart-Hog stories since 1966, published two issues of Wonder Wart-Hog. 140,000 copies of each were printed, but distributors did not pick up the magazine, and only 40,000 of each were sold.
In 1968 Shelton self-publlished Feds 'n' Heads, a collection of strips first published in the Austin underground paper The Rag (Feds 'n' Head was later re-issued multiple times by the Print Mint), Feds 'n' Heads featured Wonder Wart-Hog and what became his most famous strip, The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers. Shelton created a spin-off strip, Fat Freddy's Cat in 1969, when he also co-founded Rip Off Press with three fellow "expatriate" Texans: Fred Todd, Dave Moriaty, and cartoonist Jack Jackson.
His most recent work, in collaboration with French cartoonist Pic, is Not Quite Dead, which appeared in Rip Off Comix #25 (Rip Off Press, Winter 1989) and in six Not Quite Dead comic books. A new Wonder Wart-Hog story appeared in Zap Comix #15 (Last Gasp, 2005), as well as The Complete Zap boxed set (Fantagraphics, 2014) which contained Zap #16; and a new Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers story appeared in Zap #16 as well. The Freak Brothers' antics are reportedly being turned into a Broadway musical, after a stop motion animated film, titled Grass Roots, fell through.
In 1966 Shelton formed the Gilbert Shelton Ensemble and released a 45 record on ESP Records, "If I Was A Hells Angel" b/w "Southern Stock Car Man."
Since moving to France, Shelton has become part of a rhythm and blues group, the Blum Brothers, featuring Shelton on vocals and piano. The band features fellow cartoonist musician Bruno Blum, who has produced a (so far unreleased) full album of the band. The Blum Brothers played regularly at the Jockomo, a New Orleans-style bar in the 11th arrondissement of Paris, but like several other bars on Rue St. Maur, since September 2008 the Jockomo had to cease hosting live music due to neighbors' complaints.
Shelton and his wife, literary agent Lora Fountain, left San Francisco in 1979. They were residents of Barcelona, Spain, in 1980–1981, and moved to France in 1984. They currently live between Burgundy and Paris.
- Wonder Wart-Hog (2 issues, Millar Publishing Company, 1967)
- (Not Only) The Best of Wonder Wart-Hog (3 issues, Rip Off Press and the Print Mint, 1973) — issues #1-2 published by Rip Off Press, #3 by the Print Mint
- Wonder Wart-Hog, Hog of Steel (3 issues, Rip Off Press, 1995)
- Wonder Wart-Hog and The Battle of the Titans (Rip Off Press, 1985)
- Underground Classics #5 (Rip Off Press, 1987) —titled "Wonder Wart-Hog Vol. 1"
- Wonder Wart-Hog and the Nurds of November (Rip Off Press, 1988)
- The Best of Wonder Wart-Hog (Knockabout Comix, 2013)
The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers
- The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers (13 issues, Rip Off Press, 1971–1997) — with Dave Sheridan (1974–1982) and Paul Mavrides (1978–1997)
- Thoroughly Ripped with the Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers and Fat Freddy's Cat! (Rip Off Press, 1978) ISBN 9780896200777. There are 2 editions, one with a board game, one without
- Underground Classics #1 (Rip Off Press, 1985) — titled "The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers #0"
- The Complete Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Volume One (Knockabout Comics, 2001) ISBN 0-86166-146-X — reprints The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers #0–7 and 12
- The Complete Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Volume Two (Knockabout Comics, 2003) ISBN 0-86166-149-4 — reprints The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers #8-11 and 13
- The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers Omnibus (Knockabout Comics, 2008)
Fat Freddy's Cat
- The Collected Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat and his Friends (Gilbert Shelton, 1975)
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat (Knockabout Comics, 1977) ISBN 0-8296-0054-X — reprints the four small Adventures of ... " comix except for 4 strips from #2 and 1 strip from #3
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat Book 1 (Rip Off Press, 1977)
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat Book 2 (Rip Off Press, 1977)
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat Book 3 (Rip Off Press, 1977)
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat Book 4 (Rip Off Press, 1980) — titled "The Burning of Hollywood"
- The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat Book 5 (Rip Off Press, 1980)
- More Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat (Rip Off Press, 1981) ISBN 0-89620-057-4 — reprints 91 one-page strips
- Fat Freddy's Comics & Stories (2 issues, Rip Off Press, 1983–1985)
- The Fat Freddy's Cat Omnibus (Knockabout Comics, 2009) ISBN 0-86166161-3 — reprints The Adventures of Fat Freddy's Cat #1-7, The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers #1-6
- Feds 'N' Heads (self-published, 1968) — re-issued in multiple printings by the Print Mint
- Underground Classics #12: "Gilbert Shelton in 3D" (Rip Off Press, 1990)
- Philbert Desanex' Dreams (Rip Off Press, 1993)
- Not Quite Dead (6 issues, Rip Off Press, 1993–1966; Knockabout Comics, 2005–2010) — with Pic
- Shelton entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
- Shelton entry, Lambiek Comiclopedia. Accessed Nov. 5, 2016.
- Fox, M. Steven. "Texas Ranger," ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 22, 2016.
- Holland, Richard A. The Texas Book: Profiles, History, and Reminiscences of the University (University of Texas Press, 2006), pp. 223–299.
- Elam, Elliot (February 15, 2013). "Gilbert Shelton in Conversation". The Comics Journal (302). Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Estren, Mark. A History of Underground Comics: 20th Anniversary Edition (Ronin Publishing, 2012), p. 54.
- Ward, Ed. "The Fab Three," Texas Monthly (Nov. 1991), pp. 116–120.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gilbert Shelton.|
- Gilbert Shelton at the Comic Book DB
- "Me and Gilbert Shelton: A Memoir," by Ramsey Wiggins, The Rag Blog, March 8, 2010.
- The Hog of Steel, a complete bibliography of Wonder Wart-Hog
- UT Texas Ranger Magazine archive
- Best of Creative Computing, Volume 2 cover art