Clarence Nash

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Clarence Nash
Clarence Nash San Diego Comic Con 1982 crop.jpg
Born Clarence Charles Nash
(1904-12-07)December 7, 1904
Watonga, Oklahoma Territory U.S.A.
Died February 20, 1985(1985-02-20) (aged 80)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Cause of death Leukemia
Resting place San Fernando Mission Cemetery, Mission Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Nationality American
Other names Clarence C. Nash
"Ducky"
Ducky Nash
Occupation Voice actor
Years active 1932–1985
Known for The voice of Donald Duck (1934–1985)
Spouse(s) Margaret Seamans
(m. 1930)
Children 2

Clarence Charles "Ducky" Nash (December 7, 1904 – February 20, 1985) was an American voice actor. He is best known for the Disney cartoon character Donald Duck, whose distinctive voice he provided for 50 years. He was born in the rural community of Watonga, Oklahoma, and a street in that town is named in his honor. In 1993, he was posthumously made a Disney Legend for his contributions to Walt Disney films.[1]

Early career[edit]

Nash made a name for himself in the late 1920s as an impressionist for KHJ, a Los Angeles radio station, on their show, The Merrymakers. He later was employed by the Adohr Milk Company for publicity purposes. Dubbed "Whistling Clarence, the Adohr Bird Man", Nash rode the streets with a team of miniature horses and gave treats to the children. In 1932, Nash happened by the Disney Studio with his team of horses, and decided to leave a copy of his Adohr publicity sheet with the receptionist. As it turns out, his name was recognized from a reprise appearance on The Merrymakers a few days previous, and Walt Disney himself had been impressed by Nash's vocal skills. He was asked to make an informal audition.

Nash left Donald's "footprints" at the Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

Donald Duck[edit]

Nash went through several of his voices, and Walt Disney happened by when Nash gave his impersonation of a family of ducks. Disney declared Nash perfect for the role of a talking duck in their upcoming animated short, The Wise Little Hen. The duck, of course, was Donald Duck, who Nash went on to voice for almost 50 years, in over 120 shorts and films. The last film to feature Nash's famous voice was 1983's Mickey's Christmas Carol, although he continued to provide Donald's voice for commercials, promos and other miscellaneous material until his death.

Nash's Donald Duck voice was achieved by what is called buccal speech: an alaryngeal form of vocalization which uses the inner cheek to produce sound rather than the larynx.[2] He first discovered it while trying to mimic his pet goat Mary. In his days before Disney, Nash performed in vaudeville shows where he often spoke in a "nervous baby goat" voice.[3]

Donald Duck went on to become one of the most famous cartoon characters in the world, a great part of this due to Nash's voice. The voice is distinctive both for its ducklike quality and the fact that it is often very difficult for anybody to understand, especially when Donald flew into a rage (which happened fairly often). To keep Donald's voice consistent throughout the world, Nash voiced the character in all foreign languages the Disney shorts were translated to (with the aid of the phonetic alphabet), meaning Donald retained his same level of incoherency all across the globe. Mad magazine, in its 1950s comic-strip style satire of Disney characters, featured a "translation" of "Darnold" Duck's "quacky, incomprehensible" voice.

Other characters[edit]

In addition to Donald's voice, Nash also voiced Daisy Duck (in her earliest appearances, when she was little more than a female version of Donald), as well as Donald's nephews Huey, Dewey and Louie. He provided the voice for PJ in the cartoon Bellboy Donald and for a bullfrog in Bambi. Nash also provided the meows of Figaro the kitten in a handful of shorts and did some dog sounds in One Hundred and One Dalmatians. He also voiced Jiminy Cricket for a brief period of time after Cliff Edwards's death in 1971.[4][5] Nash also provided the meows and screeches for Tom in Tom and Jerry. His last performance in Tom and Jerry came in Mouse in Manhattan (1945), where he was the voice of vicious alley cats.

Nash also provided the Bear's roars and snarls in The Fox and the Hound while Candy Candido did his growls (neither received on-screen credit).

Nash's voice would be impersonated elsewhere in animation, most notably in the Tom and Jerry cartoons directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera with thre characters Little Quacker (voiced by Red Coffey) and Yakky Doodle (voiced by Jimmy Weldon). As with most Hanna-Barbera productions, these characters used celebrity impersonations, in these cases an impersonation of Clarence Nash's Donald Duck voice. Because both were so similar to Nash's voice they were often mistakenly attributed to Nash. Likewise, contrary to popular belief, he did not perform the duck voice for Rick Dees' "Disco Duck"; it was one of Dees' acquaintances.

Nash appeared as himself in the 1941 movie The Reluctant Dragon, which shows how Disney movies are produced, and was a contestant on a 1954 episode of What's My Line.[6] and a 1964 episode of To Tell the Truth.[7] Nash also appeared as himself in a 1956 episode of Disneyland entitled "A Day in the Life of Donald Duck", in which he interacts with an animated Donald who blames him for his speech problems: the two end up arguing mainly due to Donald's short temper.[8] He was also a guest on a 1976 episode of The Mike Douglas Show. The 1984 special Donald Duck's 50th Birthday included several clips from Disney movies and Disneyland episodes.[9]

Later years[edit]

When Disney shut down their shorts department in 1962, Nash continued to voice Donald in various projects over the next two decades, notably performing the song "Macho Duck" on the Mickey Mouse Disco album in the 1970s.

In the late 1970s, Nash was known for often taking walks in the neighborhood around Fremont Elementary School in Glendale, California, entertaining children with his Donald Duck voice. As he passed the age of 70, he found the harsh voice increasingly straining on his throat and so limited public performances to groups of children. During recording sessions, he would take frequent breaks and drink plenty of water to avoid overexerting himself.

Grave of Clarence Nash at the San Fernando Mission Cemetery.

Nash's final performance before his death was in Mickey's Christmas Carol (1983), which made Donald the only character in the film to be voiced by his original actor. With 50 years having elapsed since the first appearance of Donald Duck in The Wise Little Hen, he and Mel Blanc both retained the distinction of performing the same characters longer than any other voice actor in animation history, though they both have since been surpassed by June Foray of Rocky and Bullwinkle.

His career at Disney was the subject of the premiere episode of Disney Family Album, a 1984 series of documentaries about behind-the-scenes personalities at the studio.

Death[edit]

Nash died on February 20, 1985 of leukemia in the Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, California at the age of 80 and was interred in the San Fernando Mission Cemetery in Mission Hills, Los Angeles, California. The tombstone of the grave he now shares with his wife Margaret Nash (who died in 1993) depicts a carving of Donald and Daisy Duck holding hands.[10]

Successor[edit]

After Nash's death, Donald's voice has been taken up by Disney animator Tony Anselmo, who was trained under Nash personally. Anselmo is also among the many voiceover artists to have voiced Huey, Dewey and Louie over the years. Later characters whose voices owe considerable credit to Nash's duck voice have been voiced by actors such as Jimmy Weldon, Frank Welker, Luba Goy and Red Coffey. The most prominent of these is Weldon's Yakky Doodle for Hanna-Barbera.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1934 The Wise Little Hen Donald Duck, Peter Pig (voice, uncredited)
The Flying Mouse Bat (voice, uncredited)
Orphan's Benefit Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
The Dognapper Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1935 The Band Concert Donald Duck (voice)
Mickey's Service Station Donald Duck (voice)
Mickey's Fire Brigade Donald Duck (voice)
Pluto's Judgement Day Kitten, Cat Judge (voice)
On Ice Donald Duck (voice)
Clock o' the Walk Ducks (voice)
1936 Mickey's Pluto Team Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Orphans' Picnic Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Mickey's Grand Opera Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Moving Day Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Alpine Climbers Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Mickey's Circus Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald and Pluto Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1937 The Worm Turns Spider, Cat (voice, uncredited)
Don Donald Donald Duck, Donna Duck (voice, uncredited)
Magician Mickey Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Moose Hunters Donald Duck (voice)
Mickey's Amateurs Donald Duck (voice)
Modern Inventions Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Hawaiian Holiday Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Clock Cleaners Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Ostrich Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Lonesome Ghosts Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1938 Self Control Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Boat Builders Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Better Self Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Nephews Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Mickey's Trailer Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Joy of Leaving Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Polar Trappers Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Good Scouts Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
The Fox Hunt Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
I'm from the City Duck (voice, uncredited)
The Whalers Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Farmyard Symphony Duck sounds (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Golf Game Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
Mother Goose goes Hollywood Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1939 Donald's Lucky Day Donald Duck, Black Cat (voice, uncredited)
Mickey's Surprise Party Pluto (voice, uncredited)
The Hockey Camp Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Cousin Gus Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Beach Picnic Donald Duck (voice)
Sea Scouts Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Bachelor Mother Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Penguin Donald Duck (voice)
The Autograph Hound Donald Duck (voice)
Officer Duck Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1940 Pinocchio Rough House Statue, Donkeys (voice, uncredited)
The Riveter Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Dog Laundry Donald Duck (voice)
Tugboat Mickey Donald Duck (voice)
Billposters Donald Duck (voice)
Mr. Duck Steps Out Donald Duck, Daisy Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Put-Put Troubles Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Vacation Donald Duck (voice)
The Volunteer Worker Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Window Cleaners Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Fire Chef Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
1941 The Reluctant Dragon himself, Donald Duck (voice)
Timber Donald Duck (voice)
Golden Eggs Donald Duck (voice)
A Good Time for a Dime Donald Duck (voice)
The Nifty Nineties Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie, Daisy Duck (voice)
Early To Bed Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Truant Officer Donald Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Orphans' Benefit Donald Duck (voice)
Old MacDonald Duck Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Camera Donald Duck (voice)
Chef Donald Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1942 Donald's Decision Donald Duck (voice)
All Together Donald Duck (voice)
The Village Smithy Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Mickey's Birthday Party Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Symphony Hour Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Snow Fight Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Donald Gets Drafted Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Garden Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Gold Mine Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bambi Bullfrog (voice, uncredited)
Donald Duck Visits Lake Titicaca Donald Duck (voice)
The Vanishing Private Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Sky Trooper Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bellboy Donald Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Der Fuehrer's Face Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Aquarela do Brasil Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1943 Donald's Tire Trouble Donald Duck (voice)
The Flying Jalopy Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Fall Out Fall In Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Figaro and Cleo Figaro (voice, uncredited)
The Old Army Game Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Home Defense Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Chicken Little various duck quacks (voice, uncredited)
1944 Trombone Trouble Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald Duck and the Gorilla Donald Duck. Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Contrary Condor Donald Duck (voice)
Commando Duck Donald Duck (voice)
The Plastics Inventor Donald Duck (voice)
First Aiders Figaro (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Off Day Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
The Three Caballeros Donald Duck (voice)
1945 The Clock Watcher Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
The Eyes Have It Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Crime Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Duck Pimples Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
No Sail Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Cured Duck Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Old Sequoia Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1946 Sleepy Time Donald Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Double Trouble Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Wet Paint Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Dumb Bell of the Yukon Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Lighthouse Keeping Donald Duck (voice)
Bath Day Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Frank Duck Brings 'em Back Alive Donald Duck (voice)
Song of the South Mr. Bluebird (voice, uncredited)
1947 Straight Shooters Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
Figaro and Frankie Figaro (voice, uncredited)
Clown of the Jungle Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Dilemma Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Crazy With the Heat Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bootle Beetle Donald Duck (voice)
Wide Open Spaces Donald Duck (voice)
Mickey and the Beanstalk Donald Duck (voice)
Fun and Fancy Free Donald Duck (voice)
Chip an' Dale Donald Duck (voice)
1948 Drip Dippy Donald Donald Duck (voice)
Daddy Duck Donald Duck (voice)
Donald's Dream Voice Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Melody Time Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
The Trial of Donald Duck Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Cat Nap Pluto Figaro (voice)
Inferior Decorator Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Soup's On Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Three for Breakfast Donald Duck (voice)
So Dear to My Heart various sound effects (voice, uncredited)
Tea for Two Hundred Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1949 Lion Around Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
Donald's Happy Birthday Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Sea Salts Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Pluto's Sweater Figaro (voice)
Winter Storage Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Honey Harvester Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Hook, Lion and Sinker Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
All in a Nutshell Donald Duck (voice)
The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad Ichabod's Horse, Owl, Frog (voice, uncredited)
The Greener Yard Donald Duck (voice)
Slide Donald Slide Donald Duck (voice)
Toy Tinkers Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1950 Crazy Over Daisy Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Trailer Horn Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bee at the Beach Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Out on a Limb Donald Duck (voice)
1951 Dude Duck Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Corn Chips Donald Duck (voice)
Test Pilot Donald Donald Duck (voice)
Lucky Number Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Out of Scale Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bee on Guard Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1952 Donald Applecore Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Let's Stick Together Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Uncle Donald's Ants Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Trick or Treat Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
Pluto's Christmas Tree Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1953 Don's Fountain of Youth Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
The New Neighbor Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Rugged Bear Donald Duck (voice)
Working for Peanuts Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Canvas Back Duck Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice)
1954 Spare the Rod Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Donald's Diary Donald Duck, Huey, Dewey and Louie (voice, uncredited)
Dragon Around Donald Duck (voice)
Grin and Bear It Donald Duck (voice)
The Flying Squirrel Donald Duck (voice)
Grand Canyonscope Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1955 No Hunting Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Bearly Asleep Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
Beezy Bear Donald Duck (voice)
Up a Tree Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1956 Chips Ahoy Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
How to Have an Accident in the Home Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1959 Donald in Mathmagic Land Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
How to Have an Accident At Work Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1960 Donald Duck and His Companions Donald Duck (voice)
1961 101 Dalmatians additional voices (voice, uncredited)
The Litterbug Donald Duck (voice)
Donald and the Wheel Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1965 Donald's Fire Survival Plan Donald Duck (voice)
Steel and America Donald Duck (voice)
Donald Duck Goes West Donald Duck (voice)
1967 Family Planning Donald Duck (voice, uncredited)
1981 The Fox and the Hound Red Eyes (voice, uncredited)
1983 Mickey's Christmas Carol Nephew Fred/Donald Duck (voice)
1984 Donald Duck's 50th Birthday Himself/Donald Duck Live-action & voice
Final role

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Walt Disney Legends: Clarence Nash" Walt Disney Official Fan Club website (Note: Source is behind a paywall.)
  2. ^ Weinberg, B.; Westerhouse, J. (1971). "A study of buccal speech". Journal of speech and hearing research. 14 (3): 652–8. PMID 5163900. doi:10.1121/1.1981697. 
  3. ^ Blitz, Marcia (1979). Donald Duck. New York: Harmony Books. p. 19. ISBN 0-517-52961-0. 
  4. ^ Barnes, Brooks (2016-09-07). "Movies - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  5. ^ "50-Year Career : Clarence Nash, Donald Duck's Voice, Dies - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. 1985-02-21. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  6. ^ "What's My Line". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  7. ^ "To Tell the Truth". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  8. ^ "Disneyland - 2.18 - A Day in the Life of Donald Duck - Part 1 of 4". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  9. ^ "DONALD DUCK 50th BIRTHDAY SPECIAL-#3-Clarence Nash-Star Wars". YouTube. 1954-12-12. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  10. ^ "Clarence Nash". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 21, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
None
Voice of Donald Duck
1934–1985
Succeeded by
Tony Anselmo