Gillette, Wyoming

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Gillette, Wyoming
City (Wyoming)
Gillette seen from I-90
Gillette seen from I-90
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Location of Gillette, Wyoming
Gillette, Wyoming is located in USA
Gillette, Wyoming
Gillette, Wyoming
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Campbell
Government
 • Mayor Louise Carter-King[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 19.00 sq mi (49.21 km2)
 • Land 18.97 sq mi (49.13 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 4,554 ft (1,388 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 29,087
 • Estimate (2014[4]) 31,971
 • Density 1,533.3/sq mi (592.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 82716-82718
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-31855[5]
GNIS feature ID 1609094[6]
Website www.gillettewy.gov

Gillette is a city in and the county seat of Campbell County, Wyoming, United States.[7] The population was estimated at 31,797 as of 1 July 2013.[8] Gillette is centrally located in an area involved with the development of vast quantities of American coal, oil, and coalbed methane gas. The city calls itself the "Energy Capital of the Nation," noting that the state of Wyoming provides nearly 35% of the nation's coal.[9] Over the last decade Gillette saw a population increase of 48% from the 2000 census of 19,646 residents.[10] [11]

History[edit]

Gillette was incorporated on January 6, 1892, less than two years after Wyoming became a state. The city was named after Edward Gillette, who worked as a surveyor for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. [12] Companies based in Gillette include Cloud Peak Energy.

In 1974, U.S. psychologist ElDean Kohrs used the town as the basic example of what he called the 'Gillette Syndrome': the social disruption that can occur in a community due to rapid population growth. During the 1960s, Gillette doubled its population from 3,580 to 7,194 residents.[13] Kohrs proposed that this fast increase of population caused the phenomenon known as Gillette Syndrome, resulting in increased crime, high costs of living and weakened social and community bonds.

Geography and climate[edit]

Gillette is located at 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528 (44.282660, −105.505256).[14] It is situated between the Big Horn Mountains to the west and the Black Hills to the east, in the Powder River Basin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.00 square miles (49.21 km2), of which, 18.97 square miles (49.13 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2]

Gillette has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk).

Climate data for Gillette, Wyoming
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
70
(21)
80
(27)
88
(31)
95
(35)
104
(40)
107
(42)
106
(41)
102
(39)
89
(32)
75
(24)
69
(21)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 30.9
(−0.6)
36.6
(2.6)
45.2
(7.3)
54.7
(12.6)
64.5
(18.1)
76.0
(24.4)
84.5
(29.2)
83.5
(28.6)
71.8
(22.1)
58.7
(14.8)
42.1
(5.6)
32.9
(0.5)
56.78
(13.77)
Daily mean °F (°C) 20.5
(−6.4)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.4
(0.8)
41.9
(5.5)
51.5
(10.8)
61.9
(16.6)
69.3
(20.7)
68.4
(20.2)
57.5
(14.2)
45.6
(7.6)
31.2
(−0.4)
22.5
(−5.3)
44.12
(6.73)
Average low °F (°C) 10.0
(−12.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
21.5
(−5.8)
29.1
(−1.6)
38.4
(3.6)
47.7
(8.7)
54.1
(12.3)
53.3
(11.8)
43.2
(6.2)
32.4
(0.2)
20.3
(−6.5)
12.1
(−11.1)
31.41
(−0.33)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−40
(−40)
−23
(−31)
−12
(−24)
11
(−12)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
32
(0)
10
(−12)
−12
(−24)
−26
(−32)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.56
(14.2)
0.54
(13.7)
1.00
(25.4)
1.97
(50)
2.95
(74.9)
2.64
(67.1)
1.78
(45.2)
1.33
(33.8)
1.43
(36.3)
1.57
(39.9)
0.70
(17.8)
0.67
(17)
17.14
(435.3)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)[15]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 151
1910 448 196.7%
1920 1,157 158.3%
1930 1,340 15.8%
1940 2,177 62.5%
1950 2,191 0.6%
1960 3,580 63.4%
1970 7,194 100.9%
1980 12,134 68.7%
1990 17,635 45.3%
2000 19,646 11.4%
2010 29,087 48.1%
Est. 2014 31,971 [17] 9.9%
[13]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $69,581, and the median income for a family was $78,377. Males had a median income of $41,131 versus $22,717 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,749. About 5.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 29,087 people, 10,975 households, and 7,299 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile (592.0/km2). There were 12,153 housing units at an average density of 640.6 per square mile (247.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 0.4% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 10,975 households of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 30.6 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 5.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.3% male and 47.7% female.

A large surface coal mine near Gillette

Local media[edit]

Radio

The Basin Radio Network owns KIML 1270 AM, KLED 93.3 FM, KAML-FM 97.3 FM, KGWY 100.7 FM, and KDDV-FM 101.5 FM.

Keyhole Broadcasting, LLC owns KGCC 99.9 FM, KQOL-FM 105.3 and KXXL 106.1 FM.

KUWG 90.9 FM, is a Wyoming Public Radio station.

Newspapers

Gillette has one newspaper, the Gillette News-Record, published by Ann Kennedy Turner, The News-Record was originally two newspapers, the Gillette News and the Campbell County Record. The News-Record became a daily July 14, 1975.

Local magazines

Gillette has many local magazines, including The Gillette Wy Adventure Guide, published online by Tyson Waggener. Print magazines include: Anybody's Autos, The House Hunter, and W Magazine, which are valuable resources for anyone looking for information about the Gillette area.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Gillette–Campbell County Airport (GCC) is served by Delta Air Lines, and by United Airlines operated by SkyWest Airlines. SkyWest currently operates 8 flights daily in and out of Gillette to hubs in Denver, Rock Springs and Salt Lake City.[18]

Special facilities[edit]

At Gillette, Wyoming there is a LORAN-C transmitter at 44°00'11" N and 105°37'24" W. Its antenna, a 700 ft (213.36 meter) high guyed radio mast, is the tallest structure in Wyoming.[citation needed]

The Wyoming Center, a 9,000 seat arena located at the Cam-Plex just east of the city, was completed in 2008. The Cam-Plex hosts events ranging from concerts and balls to the National High School Finals Rodeo.

The Campbell County Recreation Center is a 190,000 square foot facility that was established April 2010 and is a popular place for Gillette residents to visit. This new facility is a great place for physical activity and recreational sports. It includes a 42-foot climbing wall resembling the Devils Tower Monument. There is also an 81,000 square foot field house that contains a six-lane track and 5 indoor tennis courts.[19]

Still in progress is The Field of Dreams. This is a plan for a multi-purpose baseball/softball complex that will stretch 320 acres of undeveloped land in Gillette. The project once completed is said to also accommodate for other sports/groups.[20]

Notable features around Gillette[edit]

Pronghorn Antelope are plentiful in the Gillette area.[21]

Devils Tower National Monument is a short hour drive from Gillette. This flat-top volcanic formation soars more than 1,200 feet above the ground and is a popular site to visit. Many people enjoy walking the 1.3 mile path around the entire monument while others love the thrill of climbing the formation.

Keyhole State Park is also a close 49 minute drive from Gillette that is a popular place to visit in both the summer and winter. Many residents enjoy the reservoir during the summer by camping, hiking, and engaging in water sports. During the winter many people ice fish at keyhole which is excellent fishing for walleye, catfish, small mouth bass, and northern pike. Another fun winter sport you can find people doing around keyhole is snowmobiling.[21]

Gillette is a midway point between the Bighorn Mountains and the Black Hills, and has a somewhat close proximity to both.

Food[edit]

Gillette has a variety of different fast food eating outlets including 2 McDonald's restaurants, 1 KFC restaurant, 2 Burger King restaurants, 1 Taco Bell restaurant, 5 Subway restaurants, 2 Pizza Hut restaurants, 2 Domino's Pizza restaurants, 2 Papa John's restaurants, 1 A&W/Long John Silver's restaurant, 1 Jimmy John's, and more.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Gillette is provided by Campbell County School District #1. Gillette is home to Campbell County High School. Gillette College, a two-year college, is part of the Northern Wyoming Community College District.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gillettewy.gov/index.aspx?page=194
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  9. ^ "Coal Mine Tours - Campbell County Chamber of Commerce Gillette, WY". Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Gillette, WY Population - Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts - CensusViewer". Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  11. ^ About the County, Campbell County, Wyoming, retrieved August 20, 2012 
  12. ^ Edward Gillette (1925). Locating the iron trail. The Christopher Publishing House. p. 75. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Monthly Averages for Gillette, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ "The Gillette-Campbell County Airport". Iflygillette.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  19. ^ http://www.ccgov.net/1039/Campbell-County-Recreation-Center
  20. ^ http://www.gillettewy.gov/index.aspx?page=1177
  21. ^ a b http://www.wyomingtourism.org/things-to-do/detail/Keyhole-State-Park/2571
  22. ^ "Biographical Profile for Jillian Balow". vote-wy.org. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 

External links[edit]