KHME

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KHME / KQME
KHME: Rapid City, South Dakota
KQME: Lead, South Dakota
United States
Branding MeTV Rapid City
Channels Digital:
KHME: 2 (VHF)
KQME: 10 (VHF)
Virtual:
KHME: 23 (PSIP)
KQME: 5 (PSIP)[1]
Subchannels xx.1 MeTV
xx.2 Heroes & Icons
Translators 18 (UHF) Rapid City
Affiliations MeTV (2016–present)
Owner Legacy Broadcasting
(Legacy Broadcasting of Rapid City LLC)
Founded December 8, 1954 (1954-12-08)[2]
First air date KHME: June 1, 1955; 62 years ago (1955-06-01)
KQME: November 2, 1966; 51 years ago (1966-11-02)
Call letters' meaning K Black Hills METV
Former callsigns KHME: KOTA-TV (1955-2016)
KQME: KHSD-TV (1966-2016)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
KHME 3 (VHF, 1955–2009)
KQME 11 (VHF, 1966-2009)
Virtual:
KHME 3 (PSIP, until 2016)
KQME 11 (PSIP, until 2016)
Former affiliations CBS (1955–1970; secondary, 1976–1981)
NBC (secondary 1955–1958; joint primary with ABC 1970–1976; primary 1976–1984)
ABC (secondary 1955–1965; primary 1984–2016)
Fox (secondary, 1994–1996)
Transmitter power KHME: 18.2 kW
KQME: 34.8 kW
Height KHME: 216 m (709 ft)
KQME: 576 m (1,890 ft)
Facility ID KHME: 17688
KQME: 17686
Transmitter coordinates KHME:
44°4′7.7″N 103°15′5″W / 44.068806°N 103.25139°W / 44.068806; -103.25139
KQME:
44°19′35.1″N 103°50′9″W / 44.326417°N 103.83583°W / 44.326417; -103.83583 (KQME-TV)
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: / KQME Profile
/ KQME CDBS

KHME, virtual channel 23 (VHF digital channel 2), is an MeTV-affiliated television station licensed to Rapid City, South Dakota, United States. The station is owned by Legacy Broadcasting. KHME's transmitter is located in Rapid City; its studios are located on St. Joseph Street in downtown Rapid City.

KHME also operates a full-power satellite in Lead, South Dakota, KQME, virtual channel 5 (VHF digital channel 10),[3] which can also be seen over the air in Rapid City. KHME's transmitter is located near Spearfish, South Dakota.

History[edit]

KHME debuted on the air as KOTA-TV, with test operations on June 1, 1955, with regular programming beginning one month later on July 1. It was the second television station in South Dakota, and the first in the western part of the state. The station was owned by Rapid City businesswoman Helen Duhamel, and was a sister station to CBS Radio Network affiliate KOTA (1380 AM). Duhamel bought a minority stake in the radio station in 1943 and gradually expanded her holdings until she bought full control in 1954. Channel 3 originally carried programming from all three networks, though it was a primary CBS television affiliate. Helen's son William (Bill) Duhamel would become KOTA-TV's president and general manager in 1976.

When KRSD-TV, the original channel 7 in Rapid City, signed on in 1958, it took the NBC affiliation, sharing ABC with KOTA-TV. In 1965, channel 3 took on an unusual "joint primary" affiliation with CBS and ABC, slightly favoring CBS. It was certainly quite a struggle to fit as many network shows as possible onto the schedule, especially in the daytime, so KRSD-TV had to take up some of the slack. But channel 7 always had a painfully weak signal which, by 1966, had deteriorated to the point of unacceptability. For this reason, and at NBC's insistence, the two stations switched affiliations on September 13, 1970, making KOTA-TV a joint-primary affiliate of ABC and NBC.[4] A year later, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) would yank KRSD-TV's license due to its inadequate technical quality; that station's owner would fight the decision, but finally gave up and ceased operations on February 29, 1976.

For the next several months, KOTA-TV had only PBS station KBHE-TV (channel 9) as a competitor. But when the new channel 7, KEVN-TV, opened on July 11, 1976, it took all ABC programming; KOTA-TV kept its NBC primary afiiliation and added a secondary affiliation with CBS.[5] Meanwhile, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, KSTF, along with its parent station KYCU-TV (now KGWN-TV) in Cheyenne, Wyoming, both had to switch their primary affiliations to ABC to make up for the loss of ABC programming on KDUH.

Channel 3 lost CBS in 1981, after the FCC authorized K15AC (channel 15), a translator of KPLO-TV from Reliance (itself a satellite of KELO-TV, the CBS affiliate in Sioux Falls), over the objections of KOTA-TV[6] (K15AC was supplanted in 1988 by KCLO-TV, a semi-satellite of KELO). KOTA-TV continued to carry NBC programming until 1984, when the network chose to part ways with the station.[7] ABC then moved its programming to channel 3 from KEVN-TV, which took the NBC affiliation;[8] this made KOTA-TV one of the few stations to be a primary affiliate of each of the Big Three television networks. KOTA added a secondary affiliation with Fox in 1994, primarily to carry the network's coverage of the National Football League;[9] this ended in 1996, when KEVN switched from NBC to Fox as part of the U.S. television network affiliate switches of 1994.

After 58 years under family ownership, Bill Duhamel announced on October 31, 2013 that KOTA-TV and its satellites would be sold to Schurz Communications, pending FCC approval. The sale separated KOTA-TV from its longtime sister radio stations (which the Duhamels retained), as Schurz already owns a group of Black Hills radio stations under the New Rushmore Radio banner.[10][11] The FCC granted the sale on March 31, 2014; and it was completed on April 28, 2014.[12][13][14][15]

On September 14, 2015, Schurz announced that it would exit broadcasting and sell its television and radio stations, including KOTA-TV and its satellites, to Gray Television for $442.5 million. Gray already owns KEVN-TV in Rapid City, and intends to consolidate the two stations' operations.[16][17] In its original filing with the FCC, Gray said that it would either sell or surrender the license for KOTA-TV, while retaining its three present satellite stations. KHSD-TV (channel 11) in Lead and KSGW-TV (channel 12) in Sheridan, Wyoming were proposed to become satellites of KEVN-LD (channel 23), a new low-power station in Rapid City owned by Gray, while KDUH-TV (channel 4) in Scottsbluff, Nebraska would be converted to a satellite of KNOP-TV, a Gray-owned NBC affiliate in North Platte.[18][19] On October 1, Gray announced that the KOTA-TV license would be acquired by Legacy Broadcasting for $1; while Gray will retain the ABC affiliation and transfer it to KEVN-TV, most of the station's other assets, including its present subchannel affiliations with MeTV and This TV, will be transferred to Legacy as part of the deal.[20] The KHSD license will also be acquired by Legacy.[21] In a subsequent filing with the FCC, Gray disclosed that it now planned to convert KSGW-TV to a semi-satellite of NBC affiliate KCWY-DT in Casper, Wyoming, while KDUH-TV will change its call letters to KNEP following its conversion to a KNOP-TV satellite; Gray will also propose to change KDUH/KNEP's city of license to Sidney, Nebraska (which will move it from the Cheyenne-Scottsbluff market to the Denver market, eliminating an ownership conflict with KSTF in Scottsbluff).[22][23] The FCC approved the Schurz sale on February 12, 2016,[24] The sale was completed on February 16, 2016.[25] The FCC approved the KDUH/KNEP city of license change on May 16.[26]

On February 1, 2016, KOTA-TV changed their call letters to KHME. Northpine reported that this was done as Gray Television awaits FCC approval of its Black Hills TV merger. The KOTA-TV callsign was moved to KEVN, the area FOX affiliate on February 1, 2016, with virtual channel 3 and the ABC affiliation moving there by February 24. The KEVN callsign and virtual channel 7 continues on KEVN-LD, channel 23.[27] KHME retained the MeTV and This TV subchannels from the previous KOTA.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[28]
23.1 5.1 480i 4:3 KHME-DT1 MeTV
23.2 5.2 KHME-DT2 Heroes & Icons

In 2009, KOTA-TV and its satellite stations added the Retro Television Network and This TV on their digital subchannels. In 2011, Retro Television was replaced by MeTV on KOTA-TV and its satellite stations.[29]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

As KOTA-TV, the station shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 3, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 2.[30] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 3.

KHME also operates a fill-in translator on channel 18 that serves the immediate part of the Rapid City area.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Where To Watch - KHME
  2. ^ "Tupelo, Rapid City TVs granted by Commission." Broadcasting - Telecasting, December 13, 1954, pg. 80.
  3. ^ Where To Watch - KHME
  4. ^ "CBS and NBC trade places" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 17, 1970. p. 33. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  5. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1978 (PDF). 1978. p. B-128. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 31, 1981. p. 53. Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Tale of two cities" (PDF). Broadcasting. February 20, 1984. p. 35. Retrieved February 17, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "In Brief" (PDF). Broadcasting. May 14, 1984. pp. 114–5. Retrieved February 17, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ McClellan, Steve (April 18, 1994). "Fox's latest four add up to 96%" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. p. 16. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  10. ^ http://www.kotatv.com/story/23843835/kota-tv-sold-to-schurz-communications-inc
  11. ^ Malone, Michael (October 31, 2013). "Schurz to Acquire KOTA Rapid City". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved October 31, 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.kotatv.com/story/25133718/fcc-approves-sale-of-kota-tv
  13. ^ Notice, Federal Communications Commission, 31 March 2014, Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  14. ^ FCC approves sale of KOTA Territory TV, KOTA-TV, 1 April 2014, Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  15. ^ Consummation Notice, CDBS Public Access, Federal Communications Commission, 28 April 2014, Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  16. ^ "Schurz Communications to sell WSBT and other TV, radio stations". South Bend Tribune. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  17. ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (September 14, 2015). "Gray Acquiring TV, Radio Stations from Schurz for $442.5 Million". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Comprehensive Exhibit" (PDF). CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved September 18, 2015. 
  19. ^ Gray Television unveils some changes for Scottsbluff station. Archived 2016-02-19 at the Wayback Machine.. KOTA-TV, 17 February 2016, Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Gray Television Sells Some, Buys Some". TVNewsCheck. October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Summary of Interrelated Transactions" (PDF). CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. October 8, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Comprehensive Exhibit" (PDF). CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. October 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2015. 
  23. ^ KOTA Territory News to bring more statewide coverage., Scottsbluff Star-Herald, 19 February, 2016. Retrieved 18 May, 2016.
  24. ^ FCC Approves Gray-Schurz TV Station Deal. Broadcasting & Cable, 12 February 2016, Retrieved 13 February 2016
  25. ^ Gray Closes Schurz Acquisition, Related Transactions, And Incremental Term Loan Facility Press Release, Gray Television, Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  26. ^ Report and Order, Federal Communications Commission, 16 May, 2016. Retrieved 16 May, 2016.
  27. ^ Upper Midwest Broadcasting
  28. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KHME
  29. ^ Where to Watch Me-TV: KOTA-TV
  30. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  31. ^ FCC Query KHME-LD

External links[edit]