List of colonial governors of the Gambia

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Flag of the Governor of the Gambia.

This is a list of colonial governors and administrators in the Gambia from the establishment of a British settlement on St Mary's Island (now Banjul Island) in 1816, through to the Gambia Colony and Protectorate's independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.

The official title of the Commandant of St Mary's Island was given as the Commandant of the British Settlement at St Mary's in 1823. In 1821, the Gambia became a British colony that formed part of Sierra Leone. In 1829, a Lieutenant Governor was appointed that was subordinate to the Governor of Sierra Leone. Between 1843 and 1866, the Gambia had its own Governor independent of Sierra Leone. It once again became subordinate in 1866, with an Administrator being appointed to govern the territory. An independent Governor was again appointed in 1901 that also acted as the Commander-in-Chief of the colony.

The Gambia achieved independence in 1965. Thereafter, the viceroy of the British Crown in the Gambia became the Governor-General of the Gambia, until it renounced the Queen as head of state in 1970.

Commandants of St Mary's Island (1816–1830)[edit]

Portrait Term of office Period Name Previous position Monarch
23 April 1816

1 August 1826
10 years, 131 days Lieutenant Colonel Sir Alexander Grant Officer with the
Royal African Corps
George III
George IV
1 August 1826

8 March 1829
2 years, 219 days Colonel Alexander Findlay, KH Officer with the
Royal African Corps
George IV
8 March 1829

8 August 1829
153 days William Hutton (acting Commandant) George IV
8 August 1829

28 January 1830
173 days Captain James Jackson (acting Commandant) Officer with the
Royal African Corps
George IV

Lieutenant Governors of the Gambia (1830–1843)[edit]

Portrait Term of office Period Name Previous position Monarch
28 January 1830

17 April 1830
48 days Colonel Alexander Findlay, KH Commandant of St Mary's Island
(1826–1829)
George IV
William IV
17 April 1830

20 September 1837
7 years, 187 days George Rendall William IV
Victoria
21 September 1837

2 February 1839
1 year, 134 days Anthony Clogstoun (acting Lieutenant Governor) Victoria
2 February 1839

17 September 1839
227 days Major Sir William Mackie Officer with the
88th Regiment of Foot
Victoria
17 September 1839

9 April 1840
174 days Thomas Lewis Ingram (acting Lieutenant Governor) Acting Colonial Secretary of the Gambia
(1837–1839
Victoria
Henry Vere Huntley.jpg 9 April 1840

31 May 1841
1 year, 83 days Captain Sir Henry Vere Huntley, RN Captain of the HMS Lynx Victoria
31 May 1841

1 April 1843
1 year, 305 days Thomas Lewis Ingram (acting Lieutenant Governor) Colonial Secretary of the Gambia
(1840–1841)
Victoria

Governors of the Gambia (1843–1866)[edit]

Portrait Term of office Period Name Previous position Monarch
1 April 1843

26 August 1843
147 days Henry Froude Seagram Victoria
26 August 1843

1 October 1843
36 days Thomas Lewis Ingram (acting Governor) Acting Lieutenant Governor of the Gambia
(1841–1843)
Victoria
1 October 1843

1 March 1844
152 days Edmund Nash Norcott Victoria
1 March 1844

7 August 1844
159 days Thomas Lewis Ingram (acting Governor) Acting Governor of the Gambia
(1843)
Victoria
7 August 1844

10 December 1844
125 days John Isles Mantell Victoria
Charles Fitzgerald.jpg 10 December 1844

19 April 1847
2 years, 130 days Captain Charles Fitzgerald, RN Victoria
19 April 1847

22 December 1847
217 days Thomas Lewis Ingram (acting Governor) Acting Governor of the Gambia
(1844)
Victoria
Richard Graves MacDonnell.jpg 22 December 1847

1851
4 years Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell Chief Justice of the Gambia
(1843–1847)
Victoria
ArthurEdwardKennedy.jpg 1851

1852
1 year Arthur Kennedy Poor Law Commission administrator Victoria
1852

1 April 1859
7 years Luke Smythe O'Connor Victoria
1 April 1859

1 September 1859
153 days D. Robertson (acting Governor) Victoria
Samuel Hodge.JPG 1 September 1859

19 February 1866
6 years, 171 days Colonel George Abbas Kooli D'Arcy Officer with the
3rd West India Regiment
Victoria

Administrators of the Gambia (1866–1901)[edit]

Portrait Term of office Period Name Previous position Monarch
19 February 1866

1869
3 years Rear Admiral Charles George Edward Patey, RN (retd) Administrator of Lagos (1866) Victoria
1869

1871
3 years Alexander Bravo (acting Administrator) Victoria
1871

1873
2 years Jeremiah Thomas Fitzgerald Callaghan Governor of Labuan
(1861–1866)
Victoria
Cornelius Hendricksen Kortright.png 1873

12 February 1875
2 years Cornelius Hendricksen Kortright Lieutenant Governor of Tobago

(1864-1872)

Victoria
Samuel Rowe (1835–1888).jpg 1 June 1875

30 March 1877
1 year, 302 days Brigade Surgeon Samuel Rowe, CMG (retd) Colonial Surgeon of the Gold Coast Colony
(1875)
Victoria
12 February 1875

9 January 1877
1 year, 332 days Captain Henry T. M. Cooper (acting Administrator) Victoria
30 March 1877

1884
7 years Brigade Surgeon Valesius Skipton Gouldsbury, CMG (retd) Victoria
1884

1886
2 years Cornelius Alfred Moloney CMG Victoria
1886

1 December 1888
2 years James Shaw Hay Officer with the
89th Punjabis
Victoria
Sir Gilbert Thomas Gilbert-Carter by Alexander Bassano 1893 NPG x6206 detail.jpg 1 December 1888

1891
3 years Gilbert Thomas Carter Treasurer and Postmaster of the Gambia
(1882–1888)
Victoria
1891

1900
9 years Robert Baxter Llewelyn Commissioner of Saint Lucia
(1889–1891)
Victoria
1900

11 January 1901
1 year Sir George Chardin Denton, KCMG Colonial Secretary of Lagos
(1900)
Victoria

Governors of the Gambia (1901–1965)[edit]

Portrait Term of office Period Name Previous position Monarch
11 January 1901

21 December 1911
10 years, 344 days Sir George Chardin Denton, KCMG Administrator of the Gambia
(1900–1901)
Victoria
Edward VII
George V
Henry Galway 2.jpeg 21 December 1911

11 April 1914
2 years, 111 days Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Galway, KCMG DSO Governor of Saint Helena
(1903–1911)
George V
11 April 1914

1920
6 years Sir Edward John Cameron George V
1920

1921
1 year Herbert Henniker-Heaton (acting Governor) George V
3 January 1921

10 March 1927
6 years, 66 days Sir Cecil Hamilton Armitage, KBE CMG DSO George V
10 March 1927

29 November 1928
1 year, 264 days Sir John Middleton, KBE CMG Governor of the Falkland Islands
(1920–1927)
George V
29 November 1928

11 September 1930
1 year, 286 days Sir Edward Brandis Denham, GCMG KBE Acting Governor of Kenya
(1925)
George V
Sir Richmond Palmer.jpg 11 September 1930

12 April 1934
3 years, 213 days Richmond Palmer, CMG CBE Lieutenant Governor of Northern Nigeria
(1925–1930)
George V
12 April 1934

22 October 1936
2 years, 193 days Sir Arthur Richards, KCMG Governor of North Borneo
(1930–1933)
George V
Edward VIII
Sir Thomas Southorn.jpg 22 October 1936

23 March 1942
5 years, 163 days Sir Thomas Southorn, KCMG KBE Colonial Secretary for Hong Kong
(1925–1936)
Edward VIII
George VI
23 March 1942

29 March 1947
5 years, 6 days Sir Hilary Blood, GBE KCMG Administrator of Grenada
(1930–1935)
George VI
29 March 1947

1 December 1949
2 years, 247 days Lieutenant Colonel Sir Andrew Barkworth Wright, KCMG CBE MC with Bar (retd) Colonial Secretary of Trinidad
(1943–1947)
George VI
1 December 1949

19 June 1958
8 years, 200 days Sir Percy Wyn-Harris, KCMG MBE KStJ George VI
Elizabeth II
19 June 1958

29 March 1962
3 years, 283 days Sir Edward Henry Windley, KCVO KCMG Chief Native Commissioner and Minister for African Affairs of Kenya
(1953–1958)
Elizabeth II
29 March 1962

18 February 1965
2 years, 326 days Captain Sir John Paul, GCMG OBE MC (retd) Secretary to the Cabinet of Sierra Leone
(1960–1962)
Elizabeth II

See also[edit]

References[edit]