Gyeongchun Line

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Gyeongchun Line
South Korea subway logo.svg Seoul Metro Gyeongchun Line.png
Korail Class 361000 EMU.jpg
Overview
Native name 경춘선(京春線)
Gyeongchunseon
Type Heavy rail, Passenger rail
Commuter rail, Intercity rail
System Seoul Metropolitan Subway
Status Operational
Locale Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon (South Korea)
Termini Mangu
Chuncheon
Stations 20
Operation
Opening July 20, 1939 (original route)
December 21, 2010 (realigned route)
Closed December 20, 2010 (original route)
Owner Korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Technical
Line length 80.7 km (50.1 mi)
No. of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary
Route map
 Main Line 
Jungang Line, Mangu Line
-0.6 Sangbong
Seoul Metro Line 7.png  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
0.0 Mangu  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
Jungang Line
( Gyeongui–​Jungang )
2.1 Sinnae
Sinnae-Namyangju Expressway
Seoul/Guri
4.7 Galmae since 2010
The old main line
13.9
5.6
Galmae until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
6.1 Byeollae
Seoul Ring Expressway
7.7 Toegyewon
11.0 Sareung
14.6 Geumgok
Pyeongnae Rail Yard
18.6 Pyeongnae–Hopyeong since 2006
Pyeongnae until 2006
22.8 Cheonmasan
25.0 Maseok
Damnae closed in 1974
Namyangju/Gapyeong
32.4 Daeseongni
Cheongpyeong Lake closed in 1969
39.9 Cheongpyeong
44.7 Sangcheon
49.5 Sangsaek closed in 1974
51.8 Gapyeong since 2010
53.4 Gapyeong until 2010
Gapyeong
Bukhan River
Chuncheon
58.0 Gyeongang until 2010
56.6 Gulbongsan since 2010
59.4 Baegyangni since 2010
Baegyangni until 2010
64.7 Gangchon
Uiam closed in 1974
72.1 Kimyujeong
77.4 South Chuncheon until 2010
78.0 South Chuncheon since 2010
80.7 Chuncheon
 Seongdong ― Toegyewon 
0.0 Seongdong closed in 1971
1.2 Gosangjeon closed in 1971
3.7 Wolgok closed in 1971
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.png)
6.2 Kwangwoon Univ. Seoul Metro Line 1.png
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.png)
8.3 Singongdeok closed in 2010
10.6 Hwarangdae closed in 2010
Seoul/Guri
Main Line
13.9 Galmae until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
Byeollae
Toegyewon
Main Line
Gyeongchun Line

The Gyeongchun Line operated by Korail is a Seoul Metropolitan Subway line between Seoul and Chuncheon. The name of the line is derived from Gyeong (, meaning the capital, Seoul) and Chuncheon. The line was reconstructed in a new alignment in its entirety in the 2000s. Rail service operates between Sangbong Station on the Jungang Line in eastern Seoul and Chuncheon Station as part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system since December 21, 2010. A class of regional rail service named ITX-Cheongchun began operations on February 28, 2012, linking Chuncheon to Cheongnyangni and Yongsan Stations.

History[edit]

Trestle on the old Gyeongchun Line

The original Gyeongchun Line was opened along its full length of 87.3 km between Seongbuk Station, on the Gyeongwon Line, to Chuncheon on July 20, 1939.[1][2] In South Korea, Chuncheon was the most popular destination for students on orientation trips, bringing passengers to the line.[3]

Upgrade[edit]

The line was upgraded into an electrified and double-tracked line for 180 km/h (112 mph).[3][4][5] Between Geumgok and Chuncheon, from 1997 until 2010, the line was re-laid in a straighter, 64.2 km long alignment with a budget of 2.151,931 billion won.[6] The remaining 17.9 km of the upgraded line was built with a separate budget of 574.124 billion won.[7] Towards Seoul, after Toegyewon Station, this section of the new line diverges from the old alignment that ended in Seongbuk, and connects to the Jungang Line at Mangu Station.[7]

The new alignment was originally planned to be opened in 2004, but completion of the works was delayed for various reasons, including lack of funds.[5] The complete new alignment opened and the old one closed on December 21, 2010.[3]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Gyeongchun Line is to be further upgraded for 230 km/h and may see KTX service.[8] For the longer term, the government also considers to build a parallel high-speed line that would continue beyond Chuncheon to Sokcho on South Korea's east coast.[8]

Services[edit]

When the new Gyeongchun Line opened on December 21, 2010, passenger service was integrated into the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, bringing that system from Seoul all the way into Gangwon-do.[3] The new service reduced travel time between Chuncheon and Sangbong in Seoul from two hours to 89 minutes, with different trains operating according to different stopping patterns; and increased capacity five-fold.[3] Compared to the previous Mugunghwa-ho train service on the Gyeongchun Line, fares dropped by half.[3] For the service, Hyundai Rotem supplied Korail with fifteen eight-car Class 361000 EMUs, out of which only 13 remain in service on the line today.

On February 28, 2012, Korail introduced ITX service (Intercity Train EXpress), which uses Class 368000 trains with double-deck cars. From Chuncheon Station, the fastest ITX trains take 52 minutes to Cheongnyangni Station, and 68 minutes to Yongsan Station in Seoul, operating at a maximum speed of 180 km/h (112 mph).[5][9] The base fare is 9800 won between Chuncheon and Yongsan, currently it has a 30% discount. The express metro rail service was phased out along with the advent of the ITX service.

Stations[edit]

Current alignment[edit]

Opened December 21, 2010

abandoned platform of Singongdeok station, Gyeongchun line
Station
number
Station name ITX Metro Transfer Line
name
Station
dist.
Total
dist.
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
Yongsan 용산
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
Seoul Metro Line 1.png
 Jungang 
Gyeongwon
Line
−12.7
Seoul
Yongsan
-gu
Cheongnyangni 청량리
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
Seoul Metro Line 1.png
 Gyeongui–​Jungang 
8.7
−4.0
Dongdaemun
-gu
119
Kwangwoon
University
광운대
NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg
Seoul Metro Line 1.png
Mangu
Line
Nowon
-gu
K120
Sangbong 상봉
NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
Seoul Metro Line 7.png
 Gyeongui–​Jungang 
4.0
0.0
Jungnang
-gu
K121
Mangu 망우
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
 Gyeongui–​Jungang 
0.6
0.6
P122
Sinnae 신내
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
Seoul Metro Line 6.png
(2016)
Gyeongchun
Line
2.1
2.7
P123
Galmae 갈매
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
2.6
5.3
Gyeonggi
-do
Guri-si
P124
Byeollae 별내
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
Seoul Metro Line 8.png
(2020)
1.4
6.7
Namyangju
-si
P125
Toegyewon 퇴계원 退
NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
1.6
8.3
P126
Sareung 사릉
NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
3.3
11.6
P127
Geumgok 금곡
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
3.6
15.2
P128
Pyeongnae
–Hopyeong
평내호평
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
4.0
19.2
P129
Cheonmasan 천마산
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
4.2
23.4
P130
Maseok 마석
NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
2.2
25.6
P131
Daeseong-ri 대성리
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
7.4
33.0
Gapyeong
-gun
P132
Cheongpyeong 청평
NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
7.5
40.5
P133
Sangcheon 상천
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
4.8
45.3
P134
Gapyeong 가평
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
7.1
52.4
P135
Gulbongsan 굴봉산
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
4.7
57.1
Gangwon
-do
Chuncheon
-si
P136
Baegyang-ri 백양리
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
2.9
60.0
P137
Gangchon 강촌
NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
5.3
65.3
P138
Gimyujeong 김유정
NYCS-SSI-closed.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
7.4
72.7
P139
Namchuncheon 남춘천
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
5.9
78.6
P140
Chuncheon 춘천
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg
2.7
81.3
- Yongsan, Cheongnyangni Stations are not included in the actual distance due to lack of metro rail service. The negative sign is only a convention for distance notation.
- ITX: Express Train Class (NYCS-SSI-alltimes.svg: regular stop | NYCS-SSI-rushonly.svg: only stops during rush hours | NYCS-SSI-weekdaysonly.svg: only stops for trains departing from/bound for Cheongnyangni | NYCS-SSI-closed.svg: does not stop)
Seoul Metropolitan Subway Gyeongchun Line

Former alignment[edit]

Station name Connecting services Station type
Romanized Hangul Hanja
Seongbuk 성북 Seoul Metro Line 1.png via Gyeongwon Aboveground
Singongdeok 신공덕 Aboveground
Hwarangdae 화랑대 Aboveground
Toegyewon 퇴계원 退 Aboveground
Sareung 사릉 Aboveground
Geumgok 금곡 Aboveground
Pyeongnae–Hopyeong 평내호평 Aboveground
Maseok 마석 Aboveground
Daeseong-ri 대성리 Aboveground
Cheongpyeong 청평 Aboveground
Sangcheon 상천 Aboveground
Gapyeong 가평 Aboveground
Gyeonggang (Gulbongsan) 굴봉산 Aboveground
Baegyang-ri 백양리 Aboveground
Gangchon 강촌 Aboveground
Gimyujeong 김유정 Aboveground
Namchuncheon 남춘천 Aboveground
Chuncheon 춘천 Aboveground

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  2. ^ 私設鉄道運輸開始, 朝鮮総督府官報(The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea) Showa Nr. 3754, 26 July 1939
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Historic railway line chugs on into history". JoongAng Daily. 2010-12-09. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  4. ^ "Korea's railways face a bright future". International Railway Journal. 2008-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  5. ^ a b c "South Korea's growing network". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  6. ^ "경춘선 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  7. ^ a b "망우∼금곡 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  8. ^ a b "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  9. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mRGcA84G318