Mabern in 2012
|Birth name||Harold Mabern, Jr.|
March 20, 1936 |
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
|Genres||Hard bop, post-bop, soul jazz|
Harold Mabern, Jr. (born March 20, 1936) is an American jazz pianist and composer, principally in the hard bop, post-bop and soul jazz fields. He is described in The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings as "one of the great post-bop pianists".
Mabern was born in Memphis, Tennessee. He initially started learning drums, before switching to piano. He had access to a piano from his teens, after his father, who worked in a lumber yard, saved to buy him one.:34 Mabern learned by watching and emulating pianists Charles Thomas and Phineas Newborn, Jr.:34 Mabern attended Douglass High School, before transferring to Manassas High School; he played with Frank Strozier, George Coleman and Booker Little at this time, but was most influenced by pianist Newborn, Jr. In 1954, after graduating, Mabern moved to Chicago, intending to attend the American Conservatory of Music. He was unable to afford to attend music college because of a change in his parents' financial circumstances, but had private lessons there for six months and developed his reading ability by playing with trombonist Morris Ellis' big band.:34 He also developed by listening to Ahmad Jamal and others in clubs, and "playing and practicing 12 hours a day" for the next five years,:34 but he remained self-taught as a pianist. Mabern went on to play with Walter Perkins' MJT + 3 and others in Chicago.
Mabern moved to New York in 1959. According to his own account, he moved there with saxophonist Frank Strozier on November 21, 1959, checked in at a hotel and then went to Birdland, where he met Cannonball Adderley, who asked him if he wanted a gig. Mabern accepted, and was shown inside, where trumpeter Harry "Sweets" Edison, who was looking for a pianist to replace the soon-to-depart Tommy Flanagan, auditioned him and offered him the place. A few weeks later, most of the members of this band then joined Jimmy Forrest for a recording in Chicago that resulted in the albums All the Gin Is Gone and Black Forrest, which were also the debut recordings for guitarist Grant Green.
Mabern steadily built a reputation in New York as a sideman, playing with, among others, Lionel Hampton's big band in 1960 (including a tour of Europe), the Jazztet for 18 months in the period 1961–62, accompanied vocalists including Betty Carter, Johnny Hartman and Arthur Prysock, and worked with trumpeter Donald Byrd and drummer Roy Haynes. After completing a 1963 tour with Haynes, he had a six-week engagement at the Black Hawk in San Francisco with Miles Davis. Mabern went on to spend time with J. J. Johnson in 1963–65 after being briefly with Sonny Rollins. In 1965 he also played with Lee Morgan, an association that continued on and off until the night in February 1972 that Morgan was shot dead at Slug's Saloon, with Mabern present. Mabern toured in Europe with Wes Montgomery later in 1965 as part of a band that had been together for around two years before the European tour, traveling as a quartet from gig to gig in one car. From 1965, Mabern also worked with Freddie Hubbard, Jackie McLean, Hank Mobley, Blue Mitchell (1966), Sarah Vaughan, and Joe Williams (1966–67).
Mabern's recording career as a leader began in 1968, after he signed for Prestige Records early that year. His first album, A Few Miles from Memphis, featured several of his own originals. Further dates for Prestige were released, and Mabern has gone on to record approximately 20 albums as leader, for a variety of labels. Mabern has worked intermittently over a period of four decades with George Coleman, beginning in the 1960s, and including an appearance at the 1976 Newport Jazz Festival. From the early 1970s, he worked with trumpeters Clark Terry and Joe Newman, played jazz-pop electric piano with George Benson and Stanley Turrentine, was part of drummer Walter Bolden's trio (1973–74), and led his own trio with Bolden and bassist Jamil Nasser.
Among other musicians Mabern played with from this period were Milt Jackson in 1977, and Billy Harper for a tour of Japan in the same year. Four years later, Mabern toured Europe with George Coleman, and played with Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson. The following year, Mabern played with James Moody. There have also been performances and recordings with innumerable other musicians, both as leader and sideman. Mabern has also worked with two piano-based groups: the Piano Choir, formed and led by Stanley Cowell from the early 1970s and featuring at least six pianists/keyboardists, and the four-player Contemporary Piano Ensemble, the latter being formed in the early 1990s to pay tribute to Phineas Newborn, Jr. and touring extensively, including at the Montreal (1991) and Monterey Jazz Festivals (1996). He also went to Japan in 1990 as a member of a ten-pianist group that toured together but played and recorded separately. In the mid-1990s, Mabern toured with and led a trio of bassist Erik Applegate and drummer Ed Thigpen. In later years, he recorded extensively with his former William Paterson University student, the tenor saxophonist Eric Alexander. In 2010, Mabern received the Don Redman Heritage Award.
Mabern's popularity in Japan was reflected in his signing for the Japanese label Venus, which has resulted in six albums from 2002; Mabern stated in 2004 that his 2002 recording for Venus, Kiss of Fire, featuring Alexander as a guest, was his best seller. A longtime faculty member at William Paterson University (from 1981),:35 Mabern is a frequent instructor at the Stanford Jazz Workshop. Mabern's stated piano preference is "naturally the Steinway D, but if you can't get a D, any Steinway".
In 2015 Mabern released Afro Blue, "the first of Mabern's two dozen leader dates to showcase the context in which he worked frequently during the 1960s: accompanying vocalists".:32
Mabern's piano style has been described as being "aggressive, very positive, crashing out chords that drop like pile drivers and warming up and down the keyboard with huge, whooping bursts of action", while, at the same time, he shows "a keen sensitivity" as "an extremely perceptive accompanist". Critic Gary Giddins has identified some of the characteristics of Mabern's playing as being "blues glisses, [...] tremolos and dissonant block chords", that help to create a style "that marries McCoy Tyner's clustering modality with rippling asides that stem from [Art] Tatum". The influence of Phineas Newborn, Jr. remains noticeable: Mabern employs Newborn's "manner of playing fast lines in a two-handed octave (or two-octave) unison, and uses this device in wildly imaginative ways".
When accompanying vocalists, Mabern states that he plays with "with less force, less aggression. I use the soft pedal. You don't voice the chord with the leading tone. You wait for them to sing a phrase, then fill in the space.":35
Years refer to the date of recording, unless an asterisk (*) is next to the year; this indicates that it is the date of initial release.
|1968||A Few Miles from Memphis||Prestige||Mabern's first release as leader|
|1968||Rakin' and Scrapin'||Prestige||Mabern also plays electric piano|
|1969||Workin' & Wailin'||Prestige||Mabern also plays electric piano|
|1970||Greasy Kid Stuff!||Prestige||Sextet, with Lee Morgan (trumpet), Hubert Laws (flute, tenor sax), Buster Williams (bass), Idris Muhammad (drums), Joe Jones (guitar; 1 track)|
|1978||Pisces Calling||InterPlay||Trio, with Jamil Nasser (bass), Walter Bolden (drums)|
|1984–85||Joy Spring||Sackville||Solo piano; in concert|
|1989||Straight Street||DIW||Trio, with Ron Carter (bass), Jack DeJohnette (drums)|
|1991–92||Philadelphia Bound||Sackville||Duo, with Kieran Overs (bass)|
|1993||Lookin' on the Bright Side||DIW||Trio, with Christian McBride (bass), Jack DeJohnette (drums)|
|1995||For Phineas||Sackville||Duo, with Geoff Keezer (piano); in concert|
|1992–93||The Leading Man||Disk Union||Trio, with Christian McBride & Ron Carter (bass; separately), Jack DeJohnette (drums)|
|1996||Mabern's Grooveyard||DIW||Trio, with Tony Reedus (drums)|
|1999||Maya with Love||DIW||Trio, with Christian McBride (bass), Tony Reedus (drums)|
|2001||Kiss of Fire||Venus||Trio, with Nat Reeves (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums); Eric Alexander as guest|
|2003||Falling in Love with Love||Venus||Trio, with George Mraz (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums)|
|2003||Don't Know Why||Venus||Trio, with Nat Reeves (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums)|
|2004||Fantasy||Venus||Trio, with Dwayne Burno (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums)|
|2005||Somewhere over the Rainbow||Venus||Trio, with Dwayne Burno (bass), Willie Jones III (drums)|
|2012||Mr. Lucky||HighNote||Quartet, with Eric Alexander (tenor sax), John Webber (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums)|
|2012||Live at Smalls||SmallsLive||Trio, with John Webber (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums); in concert|
|2013||Right on Time||Smoke Sessions||Trio, with John Webber (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums); in concert|
|2014||Afro Blue||Smoke Sessions||With Eric Alexander (tenor sax), John Webber (bass), Joe Farnsworth (drums); plus guests Jeremy Pelt (trumpet), Steve Turre (trombone), Peter Bernstein (guitar), Alexis Cole, Kurt Elling, Norah Jones, Jane Monheit, Gregory Porter (vocals)|
|1997||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Mode for Mabes||Delmark|
|1999||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||The First Milestone||Milestone|
|2000||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||The Second Milestone||Milestone|
|2001||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Summit Meeting||Milestone|
|2002||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Nightlife in Tokyo||Milestone|
|2004||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Dead Center||HighNote|
|2005||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||It's All in the Game||HighNote|
|1999||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Live at the Keynote||Video Arts|
|2009||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Revival of the Fittest||HighNote|
|2009||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Chim Chim Cheree||Venus|
|2010||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Don't Follow the Crowd||HighNote|
|2012||Alexander, EricEric Alexander||Touching||HighNote|
|1970||Ammons, GeneGene Ammons||The Black Cat!||Prestige|
|1973||Benson, GeorgeGeorge Benson||Body Talk||CTI|
|1978||Bolden, WaltWalt Bolden||Walt Bolden||Nemperor|
|1993||Brown, DonaldDonald Brown||Cartunes||Muse|
|1964||Carter, BettyBetty Carter||Inside Betty Carter||United Artistis|
|1978||Cole, RichieRichie Cole||Keeper of the Flame||Muse|
|1985*||Coleman, GeorgeGeorge Coleman||Manhattan Panorama||Theresa|
|1987||Coleman, GeorgeGeorge Coleman||At Yoshi's||Theresa|
|1998||Coleman, GeorgeGeorge Coleman||I Could Write a Book: The Music of Richard Rogers||Telarc|
|1989||Contemporary Piano Ensemble, Contemporary Piano Ensemble||Four Pianos for Phineas||Evidence|
|1993||Contemporary Piano Ensemble, Contemporary Piano Ensemble||The Key Players||Sony|
|1997||Davis, SteveSteve Davis||Crossfire||Criss Cross|
|2015*||Davis, SteveSteve Davis||Say When||Smoke Sessions|
|2006||DiRubbo, MikeMike DiRubbo||New York Accent||Cellar Live|
|1961||Farmer, ArtArt Farmer||Perception||Argo|
|1974||Foster, FrankFrank Foster||The Loud Minority||Mainstream|
|1976||Foster, FrankFrank Foster||Here and Now||Catalyst|
|1962||Jazztet, TheThe Jazztet||Here and Now||Mercury|
|1962||Jazztet, TheThe Jazztet||Another Git Together||Mercury|
|2004*||Farnsworth, JoeJoe Farnsworth||It's Prime Time||Village|
|2011||Farnsworth, JoeJoe Farnsworth||Super Prime Time||Sony|
|1959||Forrest, JimmyJimmy Forrest||All the Gin Is Gone||Delmark|
|1959||Forrest, JimmyJimmy Forrest||Black Forrest||Delmark|
|1974*||Freeman, GeorgeGeorge Freeman||Man & Woman||Groove Merchant|
|1996||Goodrich, AndyAndy Goodrich||Motherless Child||Delmark|
|1973||Grimes, TinyTiny Grimes||Profoundly Blue||Muse|
|1977||Harper, BillyBilly Harper||Soran-Bushi, B.H.||Denon|
|1979||Hayes, LouisLouis Hayes||Variety Is the Spice||Gryphon|
|1963||Heath, JimmyJimmy Heath||Swamp Seed||Riverside|
|1970||Hino, TerumasaTerumasa Hino||Alone Together||Columbia|
|2000||Hino, TerumasaTerumasa Hino||Into the Heaven||Columbia|
|1965||Hubbard, FreddieFreddie Hubbard||The Night of the Cookers||Blue Note|
|1965||Hubbard, FreddieFreddie Hubbard||Blue Spirits||Blue Note|
|1990||100 Gold Fingers, 100 Gold Fingers||Piano Playhouse 1990||Absord Music Japan|
|1964||Johnson, J.J.J.J. Johnson||Proof Positive||Impulse!|
|1968||Jones, JoeJoe Jones||My Fire!||Prestige|
|1990||Keel, LewisLewis Keel||Coming out Swinging||Muse|
|1963||Kirk, RolandRoland Kirk||Reeds & Deeds||Mercury|
|1963||Kirk, RolandRoland Kirk||The Roland Kirk Quartet Meets the Benny Golson Orchestra||Mercury|
|1965||McLean, JackieJackie McLean||Consequence||Blue Note|
|1966||Mitchell, BlueBlue Mitchell||Bring It Home to Me||Blue Note|
|1965||Mobley, HankHank Mobley||Dippin'||Blue Note|
|1965||Morgan, LeeLee Morgan||The Gigolo||Blue Note|
|1970||Morgan, LeeLee Morgan||Live at the Lighthouse||Blue Note|
|1971||Morgan, LeeLee Morgan||The Last Session||Blue Note|
|1970||Muhammad, IdrisIdris Muhammad||Black Rhythm Revolution!||Prestige|
|2004||Otter, NedNed Otter||Powder Keg||Two & Four|
|1993||Payne, CecilCecil Payne||Cerupa||Delmark|
|1996||Payne, CecilCecil Payne||Scotch and Milk||Delmark|
|1998||Payne, CecilCecil Payne||Payne's Window||Delmark|
|2000||Payne, CecilCecil Payne||Chic Boom Live at the Jazz Showcase||Delmark|
|1973||Piano Choir, TheThe Piano Choir||Handscapes||Strata-East|
|1975||Piano Choir, TheThe Piano Choir||Handscapes 2||Strata-East|
|1997||Rotondi, JimJim Rotondi||Jim's Bop||Criss Cross|
|2003||Shepp, ArchieArchie Shepp||Deja Vu||Venus|
|1978||Smith, LouisLouis Smith||Just Friends||SteepleChase|
|1960||Strozier, FrankFrank Strozier||MJT + 3||Vee-Jay|
|1962||Strozier, FrankFrank Strozier||March of the Siamese Children||Jazzland|
|1976||Strozier, FrankFrank Strozier||Remember Me||Steeplechase|
|1977||Strozier, FrankFrank Strozier||What's Goin' On||Steeplechase|
|1967||Terry, BuddyBuddy Terry||Electric Soul!||Prestige|
|1971||Turrentine, StanleyStanley Turrentine||The Sugar Man||CTI|
|1973||Turrentine, StanleyStanley Turrentine||Don't Mess with Mister T.||CTI|
|1983||Willhite, LeeLee Willhite||First Venture||Big Tampa|
|1965||Montgomery, WesWes Montgomery||Kings of the Guitar||Beppo|
|1965||Montgomery, WesWes Montgomery||Jazz 625||Vap|
|1965||Montgomery, WesWes Montgomery||Solitude||BYG|
|1965||Montgomery, WesWes Montgomery||Belgium 1965 Rounder||Vestapool|
- Feather, Leonard; Gitler, Ira (2007) The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. p. 425. Oxford University Press.
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008) The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). p. 1136. Penguin.
- Panken, Ted (July 2015) "A Million Dollars' Worth of Experience". Down Beat.
- Jonah Jonathan's video interview with Harold Mabern on YouTube.
- Johnson, David Brent (March 18, 2011) "A Few Miles from Memphis: Harold Mabern, the Early Years". Indiana Public Media.
- Shanley, Mike (April 2003) "Harold Mabern: The Accompanist". Jazz Times.
- Gilbert, Andrew (December 2006) "Harold Mabern and Eric Alexander: Getting Schooled". Jazz Times.
- MJT + 3 at allmusic
- Yanow, Scott "Jimmy Forrest: All the Gin Is Gone: Review". AllMusic. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
- "Grant Green Catalog". Jazzdisco.org Retrieved December 26, 2013.
- Rinzler, Paul; Kernfeld, Barry "Mabern, Harold(, Jr.)". The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz (2nd ed.). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed June 28, 2013. (Subscription required.)
- Fitzgerald, Tim "625 Alive: The Wes Montgomery BBC Performance Transcribed" pp. vii–ix.
- Billboard (April 06, 1968) "Signings". Billboard. p. 14.
- Balliett, Whitney (2000) Collected Works: A Journal of Jazz, 1954–2000. p. 473. Granta Books.
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- Contemporary Piano Ensemble". AllMusic.
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- All About Jazz: Harold Mabern and Eric Alexander: The Art of Duo (May 4, 2005).
- Arnold, Tiffany (June 24, 2010) "Jazz Giants to Be Recognized at Don Redman Heritage Awards & Concert". herald-mail.com
- Ross, Jon (October 2012) "William Paterson University: 40 Years of Trailblazing Jazz Education". Down Beat. p. 134.
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- Johnson Jr., George V., Talking Jazz with Harold Mabern, Entertainment, Tuesday, July 14, 2009