Henry County, Virginia

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Henry County, Virginia
Beaver Creek Plantation house.jpg
Seal of Henry County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Henry County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1777
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat Martinsville
Largest town Ridgeway
Area
 • Total 384 sq mi (995 km2)
 • Land 382 sq mi (989 km2)
 • Water 2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 51,881
 • Density 135/sq mi (52/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.henry.va.us
Virginia state historical marker for Henry County

Henry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,151.[1] The county seat is usually identified as Martinsville;[2] however, the administration building (where county offices are located and where the board of supervisors holds meetings) and county courthouse are located in Collinsville.

Henry County is part of the Martinsville, VA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Major John Redd, Continental Army, pioneer settler of Henry County

The county was established in 1777 when it was carved from Pittsylvania County. The new county was initially named Patrick Henry County in honor of Patrick Henry, who was then serving as the first Governor of Virginia, and some of whose relatives had settled in the area. Governor Henry also had a 10,000-acre (40 km2) plantation called "Leatherwood plantation" (for Leatherwood Creek) in the newly named county (where he ended up spending 5 years between his third and fourth gubernatorial terms).[3][4][5][6]

In 1785 the northern part of Patrick Henry County was combined with part of Bedford County to form Franklin County. In 1790, Patrick Henry County was split again: the western part became Patrick County and the rest remained Henry County.

Other notable early settlers included: George Waller,[7] Captain George Hairston and Major John Redd,[8] all of whom were present at the surrender of General Cornwallis at Yorktown; Col. Abram Penn, a native of Amherst County, Virginia, who led his Henry County militia troops with the intention of joining General Nathanael Greene at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse during the Revolutionary War;[9] and Brigadier General Joseph Martin, for whom Martinsville is named.[10] Also prominent were Mordecai Hord, a native of Louisa County and explorer, who lived on his plantation called Hordsville;[11] and Col. John Dillard, born in Amherst County, Virginia in 1751, wounded at the Battle of Princeton during the Revolution, and later a member of the Committee of Safety. Captain Robert Hairston, a noted politician in the Colony of Virginia, owned Marrowbone plantation, commanded a militia company and served as Henry County's first high sheriff.

During the War of 1812, the 64th Virginia Militia, under Captain Graves, was formed in 1815 from Henry County. Benjamin Dyer was a lieutenant, then later a captain, of the 5th company of the 64th Virginia Militia.Private Alexander Hunter Bassett would later work large tobacco plantations in the county, and Wyatt Jarrett. Tavner Hailey (b.1793) of Martinsville became an early pioneer in Tennessee and served in the War of 1812. He was 1st Cpl. in Captain Brice Edward's Company, 64th Regiment, Virginia Militia."[12]

During the American Civil War, the 42nd Virginia Infantry was formed in part from Henry County volunteers. Its state senator, Christopher Y. Thomas, owned Henry's former Leatherwood plantation and would later briefly serve in the U.S. House of Representatives after the war. He was succeeded by George Cabell, a Confederate army veteran (38th Virginia Infantry) born in nearby Danville and from a family long prominent in the area.[13]

In 1902, the Henry County Historical Society was incorporated at Martinsville with its first officers being John W. Carter, J. Harrison Spencer and C. B. Bryant.[14]

Geography[edit]

Greenwood, built by Col. Joseph Martin, son of General Joseph Martin, namesake of Martinsville, at Axton, Henry County, 1808–1810

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 384 square miles (990 km2), of which 382 square miles (990 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.5%) is water.[15]

Districts[edit]

The county's six districts are as follows, in alphabetical order: Blackberry, Collinsville, Horsepasture, Iriswood, Reed Creek, and Ridgeway.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,479
1800 5,259 −38.0%
1810 5,611 6.7%
1820 5,624 0.2%
1830 7,100 26.2%
1840 7,335 3.3%
1850 8,872 21.0%
1860 12,105 36.4%
1870 12,303 1.6%
1880 16,009 30.1%
1890 18,208 13.7%
1900 19,265 5.8%
1910 18,459 −4.2%
1920 20,238 9.6%
1930 20,088 −0.7%
1940 26,481 31.8%
1950 31,219 17.9%
1960 40,335 29.2%
1970 50,901 26.2%
1980 57,654 13.3%
1990 56,942 −1.2%
2000 57,930 1.7%
2010 54,151 −6.5%
Est. 2016 51,445 [16] −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1790-1960[18] 1900-1990[19]
1990-2000[20] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 57,930 people, 23,910 households, and 16,952 families residing in the county. The population density was 152 people per square mile (58/km²). There were 25,921 housing units at an average density of 68 per square mile (26/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.47% White, 10% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 3.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,910 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,816, and the median income for a family was $38,649. Males had a median income of $26,660 versus $20,766 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,110. About 8.80% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.1% 15,208 34.0% 8,198 2.8% 685
2012 56.0% 13,984 41.3% 10,317 2.7% 662
2008 54.6% 13,758 44.1% 11,118 1.3% 339
2004 56.9% 13,358 42.0% 9,851 1.1% 249
2000 55.3% 11,870 41.5% 8,898 3.2% 695
1996 43.6% 9,110 43.4% 9,061 13.0% 2,703
1992 41.3% 9,005 42.6% 9,296 16.2% 3,524
1988 58.0% 10,871 40.2% 7,536 1.7% 322
1984 63.8% 12,693 35.0% 6,976 1.2% 237
1980 46.4% 8,258 49.5% 8,800 4.1% 725
1976 35.0% 5,612 60.4% 9,680 4.6% 732
1972 62.8% 7,556 33.6% 4,042 3.5% 426
1968 25.9% 3,946 27.4% 4,175 46.7% 7,103
1964 34.8% 2,844 64.7% 5,295 0.6% 45
1960 41.2% 2,323 58.6% 3,306 0.3% 14
1956 47.8% 2,436 50.6% 2,582 1.7% 84
1952 44.3% 1,871 55.1% 2,323 0.6% 26
1948 28.8% 730 52.0% 1,318 19.3% 489
1944 32.0% 727 67.8% 1,538 0.2% 5
1940 20.8% 474 78.7% 1,795 0.5% 11
1936 20.3% 458 79.5% 1,790 0.2% 4
1932 22.8% 342 76.3% 1,146 1.0% 15
1928 47.3% 1,139 52.7% 1,267
1924 33.3% 565 64.6% 1,097 2.1% 35
1920 44.0% 698 55.0% 871 1.0% 16
1916 39.7% 567 59.6% 851 0.8% 11
1912 16.6% 216 54.3% 707 29.2% 380
View of the Smith River from bridge at Fieldale, Henry County

Board of supervisors[edit]

Blackberry District: Jimmie L. "Jim" Adams (I)

Collinsville District: Joe Bryant (I)

Horsepasture District: Debra Parsons Buchanan (I)

Iriswood District: Milton H. Kendall (I)

Reed Creek District: T.J. "Tommy" Slaughter (I)

Ridgeway District: Ryan Zehr (I)

Constitutional officers[edit]

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Jennifer Ashworth (I)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Linda N. Love (I)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Andrew Nester (I)

Sheriff: Lane A. Perry (I)

Treasurer: Scott B. Grindstaff (I)

Henry County is represented by Republican William M. "Bill" Stanley in the Virginia Senate, Republicans Charles D. Poindexter, D.W. "Danny" Marshall, III, and Les R. Adams in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republicans Robert J. Hurt and H. Morgan Griffith in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Communities[edit]

Virginia state historic marker for plantation of Patrick Henry, county's namesake, Leatherwood, Henry County

As an independent city since 1928, Martinsville is not part of Henry County, but exists as an enclave, surrounded by the county.

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.myhenrycounty.com/leatherwood/patrickhenryleatherwood.php
  4. ^ Places Associated with Patrick Henry, virginiaplaces.org
  5. ^ National Register of Historic Places Form, dhr.virginia.gov
  6. ^ History, Martinsville and Henry County, Virginia, martinsville.com
  7. ^ born in Stafford County, Virginia, George Waller lived on his plantation at what was once known as Waller's Ford, today's Fieldale. He married to Ann Winston (Carr) Waller, Patrick Henry's first cousin. Col. Waller's wife's sister was married to Col. Mordecai Hord. [1] Col. George Waller's daughter, Mary Winston Carr Waller, married Major John Redd of the Continental Army.
  8. ^ General Joseph Martin, by John Redd, Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. VII, No. 1, January 1903, Washington, D.C.
  9. ^ Lord Dunmore's Little War of 1774, Warren Skidmore, Donna Kaminsky, Heritage Books, 2002
  10. ^ Henry County, The Carolina Road, virginia.org
  11. ^ Thomas Hord, Gentleman, Arnold Harris Hord, Thomas Hord, Philadelphia, 1903
  12. ^ Hailey Family
  13. ^ History of Henry County, pp. 598-599 available at https://books.google.com/books?id=fJJLAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA599&lpg=PA599&dq=john+w.+carter+virginia&source=bl&ots=342eZu58AP&sig=5AjxMIZ7TW0UbjPU4isytcI-s2o&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj87eyPwM7RAhXps1QKHTzqAt44ChDoAQguMAg#v=onepage&q=john%20w.%20carter%20virginia&f=false
  14. ^ Acts and Joint Resolutions , Passed by the General Assembly, of the State of Virginia, During the Session of 1901–2, J. H. O'Hannon, Superintendent of Public Printing, Richmond, 1902
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°40′N 79°53′W / 36.67°N 79.88°W / 36.67; -79.88